Kiryat Bialik

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Kiryat Bialik
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew קִרְייַת בְּיַאלִיק
 • ISO 259 Qiryat Byáˀliq (Bialik)
Kiryat Bialik town hall
Kiryat Bialik town hall
Official logo of Kiryat Bialik
Logo
Kiryat Bialik is located in Israel
Kiryat Bialik
Kiryat Bialik
Coordinates: 32°50′N 35°05′E / 32.833°N 35.083°E / 32.833; 35.083Coordinates: 32°50′N 35°05′E / 32.833°N 35.083°E / 32.833; 35.083
District Haifa
Founded 1934
Government
 • Type City
 • Mayor Eli Dukorsky
Area
 • Total 8,178 dunams (8.178 km2 or 3.158 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 36,200
Name meaning Bialik Town
Website www.qbialik.org.il

Kiryat Bialik (Hebrew: קִרְייַת בְּיַאלִיק) (also Qiryat Bialik) is a city in the Haifa District in Israel. It is one of the five Krayot suburbs north of Haifa. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), at the end of 2007 the city had a total population of 36,200.[1] The city was named after the poet Haim Nahman Bialik.

History[edit]

In 1924, Ephraim and Sabina Katz, who immigrated from Romania, were the first Jews to settle in the Zevulun Valley in Haifa Bay. Their farm was destroyed in the 1929 Palestine riots. The one house that survived the riots, Beit Katz, was bequeathed to Kiryat Bialik in 1959 and designated for public use.[2]

The town of Kiryat Bialik was established in July 1934 by a group of German Jewish immigrants who received a plot of land from the Jewish National Fund. The residents were mainly free professionals, doctors, engineers and lawyers who lived in private homes with gardens. During World War II, Kiryat Bialik was bombed due to its proximity to the Haifa oil refineries. In 1950, it was declared a local council, attaining city status in 1976.[3]

Local government[edit]

Mayors[edit]

  • Z. Karliner (1945-1985);
  • D. Zack (1985-2003);
  • Rafi Werthiem (2003-2008);
  • Eli Dukorsky (2008- )[4]

Demographics[edit]

Kiryat Bialik in 1944

According to CBS, the ethnic makeup of Kiryat Bialik in 2003 was all Jewish, without a significant Arab population. In 2003, there were 17,700 males and 19,400 females. 25.8% of the population was 19 years of age or younger, 15.8% between 20 and 29, 17.4% between 30 and 44, 21.5 from 45 to 59, 3.8% from 60 to 64, and 15.6% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2005 was -0.3%.The city is ranked medium-high on the socio-economic scale (7 out of 10)[5] Many Jewish immigrants have settled in Kiryat Bialik, from Ethiopia, the former Soviet Union and Argentina.

Economy[edit]

According to CBS figures for 2002, there were 17,514 salaried workers and 912 self-employed in Kiryat Bialik. The mean monthly wage for a salaried worker was 6,119 NIS; salaried males had a mean monthly wage of 7,851 NIS versus 4,491 NIS for females The mean income for the self-employed was 5,996 NIS. 557 people received unemployment benefits and 2,701 people received an guaranteed minimum income.

Education[edit]

According to CBS, there are 9 schools and 6,291 students in the city: 6 elementary schools with 2,540 students, and 3 secondary education schools (2 junior high and 1 high school, under the same administration) with 3,751 students. 63.4% of 12th grade students were entitled to a Bagrut (matriculation) certificate in 2002.

Mossad Ahava, a youth village for children from high-risk home situations, is located in Kiryat Bialik.[6]

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kiryat Bialik is twinned with:



References[edit]