Kiryat Tiv'on

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Kiryat Tiv'on
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew קִרְיַת טִבְעוֹן
 • ISO 259 Qiryat Ṭibˁon
 • Also spelled Qiryat Tiv'on (official)
View of Kiryat Tivon
View of Kiryat Tivon
Official logo of Kiryat Tiv'on
Logo
Kiryat Tiv'on is located in Israel
Kiryat Tiv'on
Kiryat Tiv'on
Coordinates: 32°43′26″N 35°7′38″E / 32.72389°N 35.12722°E / 32.72389; 35.12722Coordinates: 32°43′26″N 35°7′38″E / 32.72389°N 35.12722°E / 32.72389; 35.12722
District Haifa
Government
 • Type Local council (from 1958)
 • Head of Municipality David Ariely
Area
 • Total 8,419 dunams (8.419 km2 or 3.251 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 16,600

Kiryat Tiv'on (Hebrew: קִרְיַת טִבְעוֹן, also Qiryat Tiv'on) is a town in the Haifa District of Israel, in the hills between the Zvulun and Jezreel valleys. Kiryat Tiv'on is situated 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) southeast of Haifa, on the main road to Nazareth. On the outskirts of Tiv'on is a Bedouin township called Basmat Tab'un. Kiryat Tivon has a population of 16,000.[2]

History[edit]

View of Kiryat Tivon from Beit She'arim National Park

Kiryat Tiv'on was established in 1958, merging three smaller settlements: Tiv'on (founded in 1947), Kiryat Amal (founded in 1937) and Elro'i (founded in 1935). Kiryat Haroshet, founded by a rabbi from Jablona, Poland who settled there with his followers in 1935, became part of Kiryat Tiv'on in 1979.

Tiv'on was built on land owned by a British Jewish couple who bought the land in early 1945. Local Arab peasants used to live in a locality called Kuskus Taba'un. They were evacuated in the 1948 War of Independence. It was later developed by the Jewish National Fund based on an urban plan drawn up by Alexander Klein, a Russian Jewish architect who was commissioned by the Jewish National Fund.[3]

The symbol of Kiryat Tiv'on is the cyclamen, a flower that grows between the rocks, reflecting the town's appreciation of nature and its efforts to preserve the landscape and safeguard the environment.[2]

Landmarks[edit]

The town is best known for the national park, Beit She'arim, which borders it on the southwest. Beit Shearim was an important Jewish spiritual center and necropolis during the Roman period, and was once the seat of the Sanhedrin.

Education[edit]

Institutions of higher learning in Kiryat Tivon include Oranim Academic College[4] and Galilee College.[5] The Ramat Hadassah youth village is also located on the outskirts of Kiryat Tivon.[6]

Galilee College, established in 1987, has international students from 140 countries, mostly in the developing world. It also offers management and training courses for Palestinian officials and institutions. Some 1,200 participants from more than 90 Palestinian governmental and non-governmental offices have attended programs at the college.[7]

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Kiryat Tiv'on is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]