Kiryat Yam

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Kiryat Yam
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • Hebrew קִרְיַת יָם
 • ISO 259 Qiryat Yamm
Kiryat Yam.jpg
Official logo of Kiryat Yam
Kiryat Yam emblem
Kiryat Yam is located in Israel
Kiryat Yam
Kiryat Yam
Coordinates: 32°50′0″N 35°04′0″E / 32.83333°N 35.06667°E / 32.83333; 35.06667Coordinates: 32°50′0″N 35°04′0″E / 32.83333°N 35.06667°E / 32.83333; 35.06667
District Haifa
Founded 1945
Government
 • Type City
Area
 • Total 4,339 dunams (4.339 km2 or 1.675 sq mi)
Population (2007)[1]
 • Total 36,800
Name meaning Sea Town

Kiryat Yam (Hebrew: קִרְיַת יָם, lit. Sea Town) is a town in the Haifa Bay district of Israel, 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) north of Haifa. One of a group of Haifa suburbs known as the Krayot, it is located on the Mediterranean coast, between Kiryat Haim and the Tzur Shalom industrial area, east of Kiryat Motzkin.

History[edit]

Kiryat Yam, 1949

A large tract of land on the Haifa Bay was purchased from the Sursock family of Beirut by the American Zion Commonwealth in 1925.[2] In 1928, the Bayside Land Corporation, a joint venture of the Palestine Economic Corporation and the Jewish National Fund, acquired 2,400 dunams of residential land in a deal related to the building of the IPC oil pipeline.[3] Development of a residential area began in 1939,[4] and the first houses were completed in 1940.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Psagot Yam neighborhood

Kiryat Yam has a population of 45,000 residents.[5] The northern area of the town is home to many immigrants from the former Soviet Union, North Africa and Ethiopia in which the municipality and its mayor Shmuel Sisso worked to build dozens of centers and homes to help the immigrants settle. The city is ranked medium on the socio-economic scale.[6]

Schools[edit]

Kiryat Yam has 15 preschools, eight elementary schools and 3 high schools (Rabin,Rodman & Levinson ) with a student population of 10,000.

Israeli-Arab conflict[edit]

During the 2006 Lebanon War, Kiryat Yam was hit by Hezbollah rockets and suffered casualties and property damage.[7]

In February 2008, a Google Earth user added an erroneous note that Kiryat Yam had been built on the ruins of Arab Ghawarina, an abandoned Arab village. The town filed a complaint with the police against Google for libel.[8][9]

Urban development[edit]

Urban development plans aimed at upgrading the old Gimmel neighborhood were blocked by Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, whose main weapons development plant borders Kiryat Yam.[10] In 2009, the Haifa district planning committee approved high-rise construction for the neighborhood, overruling Rafael's objections.[11]

Neighbourhoods[edit]

  • Kiryat Yam (Dalet) - including Almogim
  • Kiryat Yam (Gimmel) - built in the 1950s
  • Kiryat Yam (Bet)
  • Kiryat Yam (Alef)
  • Savyoney Yam
  • Psagot Yam & Bne Beitkha

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kiryat Yam is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-10-18. 
  2. ^ Joseph B. Glass, From New Zion to Old Zion: American Jewish Immigration and Settlement in Palestine, 1917-1939(America-Holy Land Monographs, 2002), p192.
  3. ^ a b Glass, p236
  4. ^ Palestine Post, May 12, 1939
  5. ^ Eyadat, Fadi (2008-02-21). "Tough blue-collar town wants to become a prime tourist destination Israel News - Haaretz Israeli News source". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26. 
  6. ^ Local councils and municipalities, by socio-economic index, ranking and cluster membership
  7. ^ Einav, Hagai (2006-08-05). "Western Galilee: 3 women killed in rocket attack". Ynetnews. Retrieved 2009-03-04. 
  8. ^ Israeli town sues Google over claim it was built on Arab village Haaretz, 11 February 2008
  9. ^ Glickman, Eitan; Shlomi, Ro'i (2008-02-11). "Kiryat Yam is Searching Google". Yedioth Ahronoth. 
  10. ^ In Kiryat Yam, urban renewal program faces off with Rafael armaments
  11. ^ Kiryat Yam renewal gets go-ahead
  12. ^ "Makó külkapcsolatai – előtérben a kultúra és a gazdaságélénkítés |Makó". Mako.hu. 2005-07-11. Retrieved 2009-05-05. [dead link]