Kirzhach

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For other uses of "Kirzhach", see Kirzhach (disambiguation).
Kirzhach (English)
Киржач (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Kirzhach Panorama.jpg
Panoramic view of Kirzhach
Map of Russia - Vladimir Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Vladimir Oblast in Russia
Kirzhach is located in Vladimir Oblast
Kirzhach
Kirzhach
Location of Kirzhach in Vladimir Oblast
Coordinates: 56°09′N 38°52′E / 56.150°N 38.867°E / 56.150; 38.867Coordinates: 56°09′N 38°52′E / 56.150°N 38.867°E / 56.150; 38.867
Coat of Arms of Kirzhach (Vladimirskaya oblast).gif
Flag of Kirzhach (Vladimirskaya oblast).gif
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Vladimir Oblast[1]
Administrative district Kirzhachsky District[1]
Administrative center of Kirzhachsky District[2]
Municipal status (as of August 2009)
Municipal district Kirzhachsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Kirzhach Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Kirzhachsky Municipal District,[3] Kirzhach Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 29,965 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
Founded 14th century[citation needed]
Town status since 1778[citation needed]
Official website
Kirzhach on WikiCommons

Kirzhach (Russian: Киржа́ч) is a town and the administrative center of Kirzhachsky District in Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located on the Kirzhach River in the west of the oblast, 125 kilometers (78 mi) west of Vladimir and 29 kilometers (18 mi) south of Alexandrov. Population: 29,965 (2010 Census).[4]

Etymology[edit]

The town is named after the Kirzhach River. The root of the name (kirzh) corresponds to a Moksha or Erzya word meaning "left".

History[edit]

It was established in the 14th century as a sloboda assigned to the Annunciation Monastery.[citation needed] The latter was established by Saint Sergius of Radonezh, who lived in the area between 1354 and 1358. For most of its history, the abbey remained heavily dependent upon the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, which lies 48 kilometers (30 mi) to the west. After the monastery was disbanded in 1764, the sloboda was granted municipal rights in 1778.[citation needed] Thereafter, Kirzhach, as many other towns in the vicinity, developed primarily as a textile center.

Annunciation Monastery in 2011
1781 coat of arms of Kirzhach

On October 12, 2004, the settlement of Krasny Oktyabr was merged with the town.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kirzhach serves as the administrative center of Kirzhachsky District,[2] to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Kirzhach is incorporated within Kirzhachsky Municipal District as Kirzhach Urban Settlement.[3]

Climate[edit]

City's climate is moderately continental: a warm summer, a cold winter with a moderate spring and fall. Average temperature in January is −10.6 °C (12.9 °F) and +18.2 °C (64.8 °F) in July. Mean annual precipitation is 584 millimeters (23.0 in). It averages 151 days per year with temperatures above 0 °C (32 °F). A snow cover is present for four to five months; snow starts to fall usually at the end of November or in the beginning of December. Snow melts on sun covered places in the middle of April and in forests at the end of April.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population of Kirzhach
1897 1939 1959 1989[6] 2002[7] 2010[4]
4,799 11,600 18,100 25,431 22,704 29,965

Architecture[edit]

The diminutive katholikon, erected during the reign of Ivan the Terrible, conforms to the early Muscovite type of cathedral church. It is commonly regarded as one of the last and loveliest specimens of this conservative strain. An open gallery connects the cathedral with the nearby Savior church, which has a square tower and a tent-like belfry. This church, commissioned by the Miloslavsky boyars in 1656, contains their family sepulchre. The 16th-century refectory with St. Sergius Church was demolished during the Soviet time.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Resolution #433
  2. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 17 230», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 17 230, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #36-OZ
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Администрация Владимирской области. Постановление №433 от 13 июня 2007 г. «О реестре административно-территориальных образований и единиц Владимирской области», в ред. Постановления №1018 от 11 сентября 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в реестр административно-территориальных образований и единиц Владимирской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Владимирские ведомости", №114, 20 июня 2007 г. (Administration of Vladimir Oblast. Resolution #433 of June 13, 2007 On the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #1018 of September 11, 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations and Units of Vladimir Oblast. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Владимирской области. Закон №36-ОЗ от 27 апреля 2005 г. «О наделении Киржачского района и вновь образованных муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав, соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №113-ОЗ от 10 августа 2009 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Владимирской области "О наделении Киржачского района и вновь образованных муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав, соответствующим статусом муниципальных образований и установлении их границ"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования (29 апреля 2005 г.). Опубликован: "Владимирские ведомости", №140, 29 апреля 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vladimir Oblast. Law #36-OZ of April 27, 2005 On Granting Kirzhachsky District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It an Appropriate Status of the Municipal Formations and on Establishing Their Borders, as amended by the Law #113-OZ of August 10, 2009 On Amending the Law of Vladimir Oblast "On Granting Kirzhachsky District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It an Appropriate Status of the Municipal Formations and on Establishing Their Borders". Effective as of the day of the official publication (April 29, 2005).).