Kirzhach (Russian: Киржа́ч) is a town and the administrative center of Kirzhachsky District of Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located on the Kirzhach River in the western part of the oblast, 125 kilometers (78 mi) west of Vladimir and 29 kilometers (18 mi) south of Alexandrov. Population: 29,965 (2010 Census); 22,704 (2002 Census); 25,431 (1989 Census).
The town was established in the 14th century as a sloboda assigned to the Annunciation Monastery. The latter was established by Saint Sergius of Radonezh, who lived in the area between 1354 and 1358. For most of its history, the abbey remained heavily dependent upon the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius, which lies 48 kilometers (30 mi) to the west.
The diminutive katholikon, erected during the reign of Ivan the Terrible, conforms to the early Muscovite type of cathedral church. It is commonly regarded as one of the last and loveliest specimens of this conservative strain. An open gallery connects the cathedral with the nearby Savior church, which has a square tower and a tent-like belfry. This church, commissioned by the Miloslavsky boyars in 1656, contains their family sepulchre. The 16th-century refectory with St. Sergius Church was demolished during the Soviet time.
After the monastery was disbanded in 1764, the sloboda received municipal rights in 1778. Thereafter, Kirzhach, as many other towns in the vicinity, developed primarily as a textile center.
On October 12, 2004, the settlement of Krasny Oktyabr was merged with the town.
City's climate is moderately continental: a warm summer, a cold winter with a moderate spring and autumn. Average temperature in January is −10.6 °C (12.9 °F) and +18.2 °C (64.8 °F) in July. Mean annual precipitation is 584 millimeters (23.0 in). It averages 151 days per year with temperatures above 0 °C (32 °F). A snow cover is present for four to five months; snow starts to fall usually at the end of November or in the beginning of December. Snow melts on sun covered places in the middle of April and in forests at the end of April.
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