Kisarazu, Chiba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kisarazu
木更津市
City
Center of Kisarazu
Center of Kisarazu
Flag of Kisarazu
Flag
Official seal of Kisarazu
Seal
Location of Kisarazu in Chiba Prefecture
Location of Kisarazu in Chiba Prefecture
Kisarazu is located in Japan
Kisarazu
Kisarazu
 
Coordinates: 35°22′33.51″N 139°55′0.59″E / 35.3759750°N 139.9168306°E / 35.3759750; 139.9168306Coordinates: 35°22′33.51″N 139°55′0.59″E / 35.3759750°N 139.9168306°E / 35.3759750; 139.9168306
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Chiba Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Isao Mizukoshi (since April 2002)
Area
 • Total 138.73 km2 (53.56 sq mi)
Population (April 2012)
 • Total 130,119
 • Density 938/km2 (2,430/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Camellia
- Flower Satsuki azalea
Phone number 0438-23-7111
Address 1-1 Siomi, Kisarazu-shi, Chiba-ken 292-8501
Website City of Kisarazu
Kisarazu City Hall
Nakanoshima Bridge
This ukiyo-e by Hiroshige shows Mount Fuji across Edo Bay from Kisarazu.

Kisarazu (木更津市 Kisarazu-shi?) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.

As of April 2012, the city has an estimated population of 130,119 and a population density of 938 persons per km². The total area is 138.73 km².

Kisarazu's profile has been raised in recent times by the popularity of the TV show and subsequent film, Kisarazu Cat's Eye, which were set and filmed in the city.

Geography[edit]

Kisarazu is located in the western part of the Bōsō Peninsula. The Tokyo Bay Aqua-Line, a bridge-tunnel across Tokyo Bay, connects Kisarazu and the cities of Kawasaki and Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

Early History[edit]

The area of modern Kisarazu has been inhabited since the Japanese Paleolithic period, and numerous remains from the Jomon, Yayoi and Kofun period have been found within the city limits. The area also is prominent in the Yamatotakeru mythology. Under the Ritsuryo system of the Nara period, the area became part of Kazusa Province. The area was contested between the Late Hōjō clan, Takeda clan and Satomi clan during the Sengoku period. During the Edo period under the Tokugawa shogunate, part of the area was under the control of the feudal domain of Jōzai, with large portions as tenryō territory controlled directly by the Shognate and administered by numerous hatamoto.

Meiji Restoration and Kisarazu Prefecture[edit]

Kisarazu was part of the complex reconfiguration of administrative areas at the start of the Meiji period. In 1871, as part of the abolition of the han system, the Sakurai Domain, located partly in Kisarazu, was abolished and Sakurai Prefecture was established.

In November of the same year, the prefecture was combined with the former Awa Province and Kazusa Province to form Kisarazu Prefecture. The prefectural seat was established in the present-day Kaifusa district of Kisarazu. Kisarazu Prefecture was established two years later in 1873. It was combined with Inba Prefecture to form present-day Chiba Prefecture.

World War II and Post-War Period[edit]

Kisarazu was developed as a center for military activity as part of the militarization of Japan in the 1930s. In 1935-1936 the Imperial Japanese Navy, established the Kisarazu Air Field for the Kisarazu Air Group on landfill in the northern part of Kisarazu to protect Tokyo from attack. The base served as an arsenal for the IJN, and employed up to 17,000 workers during the war. The Nakajima Kikka, Japan's first jet-powered aircraft, was tested at the base in 1945. The base was used by the United States Air Force from 1945 as "Kisarazu Air Base". In 1956, the base was officially transferred to the control of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF).

Kisarazu Town, originally founded on April 1, 1889, was expanded through merger with neighboring Aoyagi Town on March 31, 1955, and again through merger with Amaha Town and Osawa Town on April 25, 1971. Kisarazu attained city status on November 3, 1942.

Economy[edit]

Kisarazu has a mixed economy based on commercial fishing, agriculture, and heavy industry along its Tokyo Bay shoreline. It serves as the commercial center for central Bōsō Peninsula, and is increasingly a bedroom community of the KawasakiYokohama metropolis across Tokyo Bay.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Seaports[edit]

Education[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Noted people from Kisarazu[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Kisarazu, Chiba at Wikimedia Commons