Kisatchie National Forest

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Kisatchie National Forest
KRDO sign.jpg
Map showing the location of Kisatchie National Forest
Map showing the location of Kisatchie National Forest
Location Louisiana, USA
Coordinates 31°20′20″N 92°24′45″W / 31.33889°N 92.41250°W / 31.33889; -92.41250Coordinates: 31°20′20″N 92°24′45″W / 31.33889°N 92.41250°W / 31.33889; -92.41250
Area 604,000 acres (2,440 km2; 944 sq mi)[1]
Established June 10, 1930[2]
Governing body United States Forest Service
http://www.fs.fed.us/r8/kisatchie/
Kisatchie steps.jpg

Kisatchie National Forest, the only National forest in Louisiana, USA, is located in the forested piney hills and hardwood bottoms of seven central and northern parishes. It is part of the Cenozoic uplands (some of Louisiana's oldest rocks) and has large areas of longleaf pine forests (a forest type that has declined significantly over the last century). It is one of the largest pieces of natural landscape in Louisiana, with some 604,000 acres (2,440 km2) of public land, more than half of which is vital longleaf pine and flatwoods vegetation, which support many rare plant and animal species.[3] There are also rare habitats such as hillside seepage bogs and calcareous prairies. The forest also contains and provides a buffer for the Kisatchie Hills Wilderness, a nationally designated wilderness area that contributes to protecting biodiversity of the coastal plain region of the United States.

The forest was designated in 1930 during the administration of U.S. President Herbert Hoover, based on efforts of the Louisiana Forestry Department and its botanist and preservationist Caroline Dormon of Natchitoches Parish.

Kisatchie National Forest plays an important role in protecting representative examples of the landscape of northern Louisiana, particularly those that fall within the South Central Plains Ecoregion. The forest protects habitat for a wide array of plant species including wild orchids and carnivorous plants. Two examples include the Pale pitcher plant and Rose Pogonia orchid. Biologists have found 155 species of breeding or overwintering birds, 48 mammal species, 56 reptile species and 30 amphibian species.[3] Rare animals include the Louisiana pine snake, the Red-cockaded woodpecker, the Louisiana black bear and the Louisiana pearlshell mussel.[4]

The forest also offers recreation activities including: bird watching, photography, backpacking, canoeing, all-terrain vehicle trails, boating, camping, cycling, fishing, hiking, horseback riding, hunting, mountain biking, picnicing and swimming. The forest has more than 40 developed recreation sites and over 100 miles (160 km) of trails for hiking, mountain biking and horseback riding.

Kisatchie National Forest contains two significant roadless areas: Cunningham Brake and Saline Bayou. Cunningham Brake is a large cypress-tupelo gum swamp that also protects flows in Kisatachie Bayou. Saline Bayou has mixed forests associated with alluvial habitats, ranging from shortleaf pine to tupelo gum. Roads are known to cause significant damage to forests, prairies, streams and wetlands.[5] Roads are particularly harmful to native populations of amphibians and reptiles that migrate to vernal pools.[6] A third large roadless area, the Kisatchie Hills, is protected under a different designation, as a National Wilderness Area. More information of these important areas can be found in one of the most important planning documents for Kisatchie, the Final Environmental Impact Statement prepared by the Forest Service in 1999.[4]

Although forests dominate the landscape, scattered prairies can also be found. Natural prairies have been almost extirpated from Louisiana, mostly by clearing for agriculture. Less than a thousand acres of calcareous prairie may remain in the entire state, three pieces of which are associated with Kisatchie: the Kieffer prairie(769 acres), the historic Tancock Prairie (45 acres), and the historic Bartram Prairie (1,190 acres). The latter two are referred to as “historic” because they were known to exist from 1836 survey records but have reverted to forest. So thoroughly have the prairies of North America been cleared that remnants such as these are likely to be of national significance. The restoration of a natural fire regime is the most important priority for maintaining and enhancing these prairies.[4][7]

The forest is broken into several large pieces, and each piece also is fragmented by private land ownership. Hence, although the headquarters are in Pineville, Kisatchie National Forest has five ranger districts in the north-central area of the state: Calcasieu, Caney, Catahoula, Kisatchie and Winn. The forest lies in parts of seven parishes. In descending order of land area within the forest they are Grant, Natchitoches, Winn, Rapides, Vernon, Claiborne, and Webster parishes.

Calcasieu Ranger district[edit]

The Calcasieu Ranger district is the southernmost district, located between Alexandria, Leesville and DeRidder. The District Office is located on LA 28 West, two miles (3 km) east of Gardner and ten miles (16 km) west of Alexandria, Louisiana.

The district comprises the Evangeline and Vernon units;

Evangeline Unit[edit]

This district features Kincaid Lake,[8] Valentine Lake,[9] and The Wild Azalea National Recreation Trail[10] Other areas include the Kincaid Lake Day-Use Area, the Kincaid Lake Group-Use Area, the Valentine Lake Day-Use Areas, Valentine Lake Group-Use Area, the Bayou Boeuf[11] Research Natural Area, and Castor Creek[12] Scenic Area. The Wild Azalea Seep area is part of the Wild Azalea National Recreation Trail.[13]

Campgrounds include three at Kincaid Lake, two at Valentine Lake, the Loran/Claiborne Trailhead Camp,[14] the Evangeline Camp,[15] the Amus Melder Camp and the Boy Scout Camp.[16] The Amus Melder Camp is for equestrian riders utilizing the Claiborne Trails

Trails in this district include the Wild Azalea National Recreation Trail, the Claiborne Trails, the Kincaid Lake Trails, the Valentine Lake Trail, the Lamotte Creek Trail, the Ouiski Chitto Creek Recreation Trail and the Indian Ridge Trail.

The Evangeline Unit of the Calcasieu Ranger District also encompasses the remains of Camp Claiborne, a U.S. Army post during World War II. Camp Claiborne was the largest military installation in the United States and the third largest city in Louisiana. Today, part of the old camp is used as a U.S. Air Force bombing range.

Vernon Unit[edit]

This district features Fullerton Lake,[17] Enduro Trailhead Camp,[18] and Hunter's Camp.[19]

Day and group-use opportunities include The Fullerton Lake Day-Use Area, Fullerton Lake Group-Use Area, Little Cypress Day-Use Area, Little Cypress Group-Use Area, Blue Hole Day-Use Area, Blue Hole Group-Use Area, and Government Pond Recreation Area. Some activities have required fees.[20]

Boating opportunities include in this district include kayaking and canoeing on Fullerton Lake, Little Cypress,[21] Blue Hole,[22] and Blue Hole Wildlife Viewing Structure.[23]

Hiking trails in this area include Big Branch Trail, Ouiska Chitto Trail, Enduro Trail, Fullerton Mill Trail,' Ol Sarge Trail, Turkey Pen Trail[24]

Other notable activities in the area include Cooter's Bog Special Interest Area,[25] Drake's Creek Special Interest Area,[26] Quiska(sometimes spelled Whiskey) Chitto Special Interest Area,[27] and the Longleaf Scenic Area.[28]

Animals in the area include the Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides Borealis), often referred to as the RCW, is one of the few birds endemic to the United States and many colonies are in the Vernon Unit.[29] The RCW only nest in cavities of specific trees.[30] Having extremely specific habitat requirements lost by mass deforestation caused large population declines and the extinction of numerous colonies in the 20th century. It was listed as a Federal Endangered Species.[31] All areas in this unit where RCW reside have been identified and are distinctly marked. The markings include a boundary of Department of Forestry Service signs and white paint markings on the boundary trees. Many of these habitats can be observed from the roadside of La-Forestry rd. 410, known as Bailey road, that runs from Rosepine to LA 10.

The Louisiana Statewide Red-cockaded Woodpecker Safe Harbor Program is a partnership between the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries[32] and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service [33] to enlist the aid of non-federal property owners to help build and maintain adequate foraging habitat.

The Wild turkey was a very important food animal to Native Americans, but it was eliminated from much of its range by the early 20th century. Large groups of these birds can be observed on or near LA-Forestry rds 430(Marlow Road) and 431(Drakes Fork Road) that is off LA 10 just west of Cravins.

The Calcasieu's Vernon Unit is frequently used by neighboring Fort Polk for training and the military leases training access to many areas. Areas affected by military operations will be posted by Fort Polk and Kisatchie.

Caney Ranger district[edit]

Caney Ranger Station at Homer in Claiborne Parish

The Caney Ranger district is located northeast of Shreveport south of the Arkansas state line near Homer, the seat of Claiborne Parish. It boasts the Sugar Cane National Recreation Trail along with Caney Lakes Recreation Area and Corney Lakes. The Caney Ranger District, unlike the rest of the Kisatchie National Forest, began its life in the hands of the Depression-era Resettlement Administration, which bought up marginal upland farmland. The Caney was not turned over to the Forest Service until 1959.

The district comprises the Caney Lake Unit, the Middle Fork Unit, and the Corney Lake Unit

Caney Lakes Unit[edit]

Camping opportunities in this unit include The Beaver Dam Campground on Upper Caney Lake and the Turtle Slide Campground on Lower Caney Lake in the Caney Lakes Recreation Complex.

Trail opportunities include The Sugar Cane National Recreation Trail inside the Caney Lakes Recreation Complex.

Day and group-use opportunities include The Caney Lakes Day-Use Area, the Caney Lakes Ski Beach Area, and the Caney Lakes Group-Use Area which are all located on Lower Caney Lake.

People desiring boating opportunities can enjoy The Upper Caney Lake Boat Launch Area, the Lower Caney Lake Boat Launch Area, and the South Shore Caney Lake Boat Launch Area. Fees are collected for certain activities in this unit.

Middle Fork Unit[edit]

The Middle Fork Unit of the Caney Ranger District has only two designated recreation facilities, both of which are designated hunter's camps and are opened year-around but only maintained for the hunting season. These primitive camps are Bucktail Camp and Turkey Trot Camp. These areas are ideal for wildlife and bird watchers, plant enthusiasts, and nature lovers.

Corney Lake Unit[edit]

Camping opportunities include The south shore campground, the north shore camp, and sugar creek hunter's camp. Day and group-use facilities include The south shore day/group-use area and the north shore day-use area.

Corney Lake has 3 separate boat launches. The first is the modern south shore day-use/boat launch, the second is the more primitive north shore boat launch, and the third is the all new Corney Bayou Launch.

Unlike other units, there are no designated trails within the Corney Lake Unit. Also, there are no fee areas within the Corney Lake Unit at any of the facilities provided.

Catahoula Ranger district[edit]

The Catahoula Ranger district is located north of Pineville. The district features Stuart Lake Recreation Complex; hiking and biking along the Glenn Emery Trail; the original Louisiana State University site in Pineville; hunting in the Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge; and two ATV trails located in old Camp Livingston. The remains of Camp Livingston, a World War II-era U.S. Army installation, lie almost completely in the Catahoula Ranger District. Livingston was one of the Army's large training facilities and was at the epicenter of the famed Louisiana Maneuvers. The "Maneuvers," two large war games which took place over the summers of 1940 and 1941, played a key role in the preparation of the U.S. military for World War II combat.

Camping opportunities in this district include The Stuart Lake Campground, Bankston Camp, Highway 472 Camp, Pearson Camp, and Saddle Bayou Camp.

Opportunities for trails include The Camp Livingston Trails, The Glenn Emery Trail, and the Stuart Nature Trail.

The Stuart Lake Day-Use and Group-Use Areas and The Iatt Lake Observation Pier Day-Use Area are intended for day use.

The district also houses The Catahoula National Wildlife Management Preserve, consisting of 36,000 acres (150 km2) of land set aside for the preservation of land for wildlife habitat. Hunters come from all around during hunting season to the Catahoula Preserve.

Catahoula Hummingbird and Butterfly Garden also resides in the area. Viewable year-around, the Catahoula Hummingbird and Butterfly Garden is best viewed in late spring through early fall. The seasonal butterflies and the migratory hummingbirds frequent the garden quite often through the summer months.

The Stuart Seed Orchard was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1930s for the purpose of replanting clear-cut areas from the previous 30 years of unsupervised forest harvesting. A by-product of the seed orchard is the Stuart Lake Recreation Complex, built to water the seed orchards before the more modern irrigation systems was built.

Kisatchie Ranger district[edit]

The Kisatchie Ranger district is located between Leesville and Natchitoches.

In 2007, the Kisatchie Ranger District was singled out for a special Secretary of Agriculture award for heroism for actions relating to a 100-year flood that swept through the district.

  • Longleaf Vista Recreation Area that includes the sandstone bluffs.
  • Kisatchie Bayou Recreation Area with white sandy beaches and rocky rapids
  • Kisatchie Hills Wilderness that is a nationally designated wilderness area.
  • Longleaf Trail Scenic Byway that is 17-mile (27 km)
  • Sandstone Multi-Use Trail an ATV trail
  • Caroline Dormon Horse Trail.

Winn Ranger District[edit]

The Winn Ranger District encompasses 164,000 acres (660 km2) of Winn Parish, Natchitoches Parish, and Grant Parish in North Louisiana. It is in close proximity to the Winnfield area. Because of this close proximity, the Winn Ranger District and the Catahoula National Wildlife Management refuge[34] has become a very popular destination for hunters during hunting season.

Gum Springs Recreation Area, located in an area of hilly terrain and natural springs, exhibits recreation design and construction from the Civilian Conservation Corps era of the 1930s while offering basic recreation opportunities of picnicking and camping. Currently being expanded, The Gum Springs Horse Camp and Trail offers activities for peoples interested in horse riding.[35]

Cloud Crossing Recreation Complex lies directly on the banks of Saline Bayou and is a put-in/take-out point for boating or canoeing. Approximately 21 miles (34 km) of Saline Bayou was designated a National Wild and Scenic River because of its unique qualities. Bald cypress and other hardwood grow along the banks, often reflected in the bayou's quiet water.

Hikers can use The Dogwood Interpretive Trail, sponsored by the ARRP.

The Kisatchie National Forest Heritage program[edit]

The Kisatchie National Forest Heritage program is a program responsible for protecting archaeological sites and historic structures on the forest, including several Civilian Conservation Corps structures dating to the 1930s and 1940s such as Gum Springs Recreation Area. The Heritage program is staffed by two district archaeologists and a forest heritage program manager.

See also[edit]

  • United States Department of Agriculture. 1999. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Revised Land and Resource Management Plan. Kisatchie National Forest. Forest Service, Southern Region, Pineville, LA.
  • Williams, M. 1989. The lumberman’s assault on the southern forest, 1880–1920. pp. 238–288. In M. Williams. Americans and Their Forests: A Historical Geography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Keddy, P.A. 2008. Water, Earth, Fire: Louisiana’s Natural Heritage. Xlibris, Philadelphia. 229 p.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kisatchie National Forest". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  2. ^ "The National Forests of the United States". ForestHistory.org. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Keddy, Paul A. (2008). Water, Earth, Fire: Louisiana’s Natural Heritage. Philadelphia: Xlibris. p. 229. ISBN 978-1-4363-6234-4. 
  4. ^ a b c United States Department of Agriculture. 1999. Final Environmental Impact Statement. Revised Land and Resource Management Plan. Kisatchie National Forest. Forest Service, Southern Region, Pineville, LA.
  5. ^ Forman, R. T. T., Sperling, D., Bissonette, J., Clevenger, A. P., Cutshall, C. D., Dale, V. H., Fahrig, L., France, R., Goldman, C. R., Heanue, K., Jones, J. A., Swanson, F. J., Turrentine, T., and Winter, T. C. (2002). Road Ecology: Science and Solutions. Washington, DC: Island Press.
  6. ^ Keddy, P.A. 2010. Wetland Ecology: Principles and Conservation (2nd edition). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. 497 p.
  7. ^ Keddy, P.A. 2008. Water, Earth, Fire: Louisiana’s Natural Heritage. Xlibris, Philadelphia. 229 p.
  8. ^ "Kincaid Lake". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  9. ^ "Valentine Lake". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  10. ^ "Wild Azalea National Recreation Trail". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  11. ^ "Bayou Boeuf". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  12. ^ "Castor Creek". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  13. ^ "Wild Azalea Seep area". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  14. ^ "Loran/Claiborne Trailhead Camp". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  15. ^ "Evangeline Camp". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  16. ^ "Melder and Scouts Camp". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  17. ^ "Fullerton Lake". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  18. ^ "Enduro Trailhead". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  19. ^ "Hunters Camp". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  20. ^ "Vernon Unit Fees". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  21. ^ "Little Cypress". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  22. ^ "Blue Hole Lake". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  23. ^ "Blue Hole Viewing Structure". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  24. ^ "Vernon Trails". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  25. ^ "Cooters Bog". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  26. ^ "Drake's Creek". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  27. ^ "Quiska Chitto Creek". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  28. ^ "Longfleaf Scenic Area". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  29. ^ "Picoides borealis". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  30. ^ "Red-cockaded Woodpecker habitat". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  31. ^ "All about birds". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  32. ^ "Louisiana Wildlife and Fisheries". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  33. ^ "Safe Harbor Program". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  34. ^ "Catahoula National Wildlife Management Preserve". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 
  35. ^ "gum Springs Horse Trail". Retrieved 2 February 2011. 

External links[edit]