Kislovodsk

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Kislovodsk (English)
Кисловодск (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Kislovodsk from Koltso-gora.jpg
Panoramic view of Kislovodsk from Mount Koltso-gora
Map of Russia - Stavropol Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Stavropol Krai in Russia
Kislovodsk is located in Stavropol Krai
Kislovodsk
Kislovodsk
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Kislovodsk in Stavropol Krai
Coordinates: 43°55′N 42°43′E / 43.917°N 42.717°E / 43.917; 42.717Coordinates: 43°55′N 42°43′E / 43.917°N 42.717°E / 43.917; 42.717
Coat of Arms of Kislovodsk (Stavropol kray).png
Coat of arms
City Day last Saturday in May[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of July 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Stavropol Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of krai significance of Kislovodsk[1]
Administrative center of city of krai significance of Kislovodsk[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2010)
Urban okrug Kislovodsk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Kislovodsk Urban Okrug[2]
Head[citation needed] Natalya Lutsenko[citation needed]
Representative body Council of Deputies[citation needed]
Statistics
Area (2010) 72 km2 (28 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census) 128,553 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 128th
Density 1,785 /km2 (4,620 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Founded 1803[7]
City status since 1903[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[8] 357700
Dialing code(s) +7 87937[citation needed]
Official website
Kislovodsk on WikiCommons

Kislovodsk (Russian: Кислово́дск, lit. sour waters) is a spa city in Stavropol Krai, Russia, in the North Caucasus region of Russia which is located between the Black and Caspian Seas. Population: 128,553 (2010 Census);[4] 129,788 (2002 Census);[9] 114,414 (1989 Census).[10]

History[edit]

The 19th-century building of narzan baths
View of the city from the Little Saddle in upper park at sunset
St. Nicholas' Orthodox Cathedral

Kislovodsk was founded in 1803 as a military station.[citation needed] It is named after the many mineral springs around the city. Town status was granted to it in 1903.[citation needed]

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Kislovodsk as a fashionable spa attracted many musicians, artists, and members of the Russian aristocracy. Several of the events in Mikhail Lermontov's novel A Hero Of Our Time are set in Kislovodsk.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with seven rural localities, incorporated as the city of krai significance of Kislovodsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of krai significance of Kislovodsk is incorporated as Kislovodsk Urban Okrug.[2]

Notable people[edit]

The most famous native of Kislovodsk was Nobel Prize winner Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. A museum is planned in the house he was born in. It is set to undergo renovations in 2011 in preparation. Nikolai Yaroshenko's memorial house is open to the public.

The notable Ukranianian historian Mykhailo Hrushevskyi died when on exile to Kislovodsk in 1934, under circumstances which remain mysterious and controversial.

In Literature[edit]

Kislovodsk is prominently depicted in the Prix Goncourt-winning 2006 novel The Kindly Ones, as the setting of October 1942 celebration of Uraza Bairam, the breaking of the fast that ends the month of Ramadan. The ceremony, attended by most of the SS and Wehrmacht officers in the area, was described in great detail. The highlight of the feast was the local tribe's presentation of a gift horse intended for Adolf Hitler to the Germans.[11]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Kislovodsk is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Resolution #63-p
  2. ^ a b c Law #88-kz
  3. ^ Управление Росреестра по Ставропольскому краю. Доклад о состоянии и использовании земель Ставропольского края в 2010 году, p. 53 PDF (1.2 MB) (Russian)
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ 210 добрых дел
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Johnathan Littell, Les Bienveillantes. 2006, p. 267-270.
  12. ^ "Batumi - Twin Towns & Sister Cities". Batumi City Hall. Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2013-08-10. 

Sources[edit]

  • Правительство Ставропольского края. Постановление №63-п от 4 мая 2006 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Ставропольского края», в ред. Постановления №361-п от 23 сентября 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Ставропольского края, утверждённый Постановлением Правительства Ставропольского края от 04 мая 2006 г. №63-п». Вступил в силу с 4 мая 2006 г.. Опубликован: "Сборник законов и других правовых актов Ставропольского края", №17, ст. 5609, 10 июля 2006 г. (Government of Stavropol Krai. Resolution #63-p of May 4, 2006 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Resolution #361-p of September 23, 2013 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Stavropol Krai Adopted by Resolution #63-p of the Government of Stavropol Krai of May 4, 2006. Effective as of May 4, 2006.).
  • Государственная Дума Ставропольского края. Закон №88-кз от 4 октября 2004 г. «О наделении муниципальных образований Ставропольского края статусом городского, сельского поселения, городского округа, муниципального района», в ред. Закона №46-кз от 1 июля 2010 г «О преобразовании муниципального образования города Будённовска Ставропольского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ставропольская правда", №216, 6 октября 2004 г. (State Duma of Stavropol Krai. Law #88-kz of October 4, 2004 On Granting the Status of Urban, Rural Settlement, Urban Okrug, Municipal District to the Municipal Formations of Stavropol Krai, as amended by the Law #46-kz of July 1, 2010 On the Transformation of the Municipal Formation of the Town of Budyonnovsk of Stavropol Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]