Kissimmee, Florida

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Kissimmee, Florida
City
City of Kissimmee
The Osceola County courthouse in October 2009
The Osceola County courthouse in October 2009
Flag of Kissimmee, Florida
Flag
Official seal of Kissimmee, Florida
Seal
Motto: "A community of neighborhoods for families!"
Location in Osceola County and the state of Florida
Location in Osceola County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Map
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 28°18′14″N 81°24′46″W / 28.30389°N 81.41278°W / 28.30389; -81.41278Coordinates: 28°18′14″N 81°24′46″W / 28.30389°N 81.41278°W / 28.30389; -81.41278
Country  United States of America
State  Florida
County Osceola
Incorporated 1883
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Jim Swan
 • City Manager (1984-2010) Mark Durbin
 • City Manager (2010-present) Mike Steigerwald
 • City Attorney Don Smallwood
Area[1]
 • City 17.32 sq mi (44.8 km2)
 • Land 16.68 sq mi (43.2 km2)
 • Water .64 sq mi (1.6 km2)  3.7%
Elevation[2] 49 ft (15 m)
Population (2012)[3]
 • City 63,369
 • Density 3,700/sq mi (1,400/km2)
 • Metro 2,267,846
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 34741-34747, 34758-34759
Area code(s) 321, 407
FIPS code 12-36950
GNIS feature ID 0285145[4]
Website http://www.kissimmee.org/

Kissimmee (/kɨˈsɪm/ kə-SIM-ee) is a city in Osceola County, Florida. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 59,682.[3] It is the county seat of Osceola County.[5] Kissimmee is a Principal City of the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Florida, Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a 2010 population of 2,134,411.[3]

History[edit]

Broadway Avenue in c. 1912

The area was originally named Allendale, after Confederate Major J.H. Allen who operated the first cargo steamboat along the Kissimmee River - the Mary Belle.[6] It was renamed Kissimmee when incorporated as a city in 1883. The name, Kissimmee, came from 'Cacema', a Native American name meaning 'long water'.[7] Its growth can be credited to Hamilton Disston of Philadelphia, who based his four-million acre[8] (8,000 km2) drainage operation out of the small town. Disston had contracted with the financially wobbly state of Florida to drain its southern lands, for which he would own half of all he successfully drained. This deal made Disston the largest single landowner in the United States.

Disston's dredging and land speculation required a small steamboat industry to transport people and goods along the new waterway. The Kissimmee shipyard was responsible for building most of these large steamships, which were just one jump ahead of civilization—with Kissimmee as the jumping off point. Concurrently, the South Florida Railroad was growing and extended the end of its line from Sanford down to Kissimmee, making the town on Lake Tohopekaliga a transportation hub for Central Florida. On February 12, 1885, the Florida Legislature incorporated the Kissimmee City Street Railway.

Kissimmee Automobile Company, 1910s

But the heyday of Kissimmee was short-lived. Expanding railroads began to challenge the steamships for carrying freight and passengers. By 1884, the South Florida Railroad, now part of the Plant System, had extended its tracks to Tampa. The Panic of 1893 was the worst depression the U.S. had experienced up to that time, crushing land speculation and unsound debt. Hamilton Disston closed his Kissimmee land operation. Consecutive freezes in 1894 and 1895 wiped out the citrus industry. The freezes, combined with South Florida's growth and the relocation of steamship operations to Lake Okeechobee, left Kissimmee dependent on cattle raising.

Kissimmee had a population of 4,310 in 1950. At that point there was some citrus packing as well as the ranching.[9]

Ranching remained an important part of the local economy until the opening of nearby Walt Disney World in 1971. After that, tourism and development supplanted cattle ranching to a large measure; however, cattle ranches still operate nearby, particularly in the southern part of Osceola County.

On August 13, 2004, Hurricane Charley passed through Kissimmee with winds in excess of 100 miles per hour, damaging homes and buildings, toppling trees and cutting electrical power to the entire city. Kissimmee Utility Authority restored power to 54 percent of the residents in the first 72 hours; 85 percent were restored within one week. Service was restored to all customers on August 28. Three weeks after Hurricane Charley, the area was struck by Hurricane Frances, followed by Hurricane Jeanne three weeks after Frances.

Geography[edit]

Kissimmee is located at 28°18′14″N 81°24′46″W / 28.30389°N 81.41278°W / 28.30389; -81.41278 (28.303988, -81.412867).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.32 square miles (44.9 km2), of which 16.7 square miles (43 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (2 km2) is water (3.7%).[1] Kissimmee and the city of St. Cloud are the only incorporated settlements in the county. The cities lie in close proximity to each other along U.S. Highways 192 and 441.

A large geographical area of unincorporated Osceola County also refers to their area as Kissimmee. This includes most of the 192 corridor west of the city border to Highway 27, areas north of the city to Hunters Creek, and areas south of the city to Poinciana.

City water resources

Drained by the Kissimmee River, the city is situated on the northwest shore of Lake Tohopekaliga (locally called Lake Tohoe, West Lake Tohoe, or simply West Lake) in central Florida. Shingle Creek, largely considered the headwaters of the Everglades, also runs through the city. Shingle Creek features a popular canoe/kayak trail that runs from Steffe Landing on US 192 and ends in Lake Tohopekaliga.

Downtown

The downtown area lies near the intersection of U.S. Highway 17/92 and U.S. Highway 192. The downtown of Kissimmee does not possess any big skyscrapers; most of the buildings are two or three stories high. The biggest and the tallest building in the downtown is the Osceola County courthouse. The main thoroughfare follows along Highway 17/Highway 92 through the city's center and is a combination of three streets: Main Street, Broadway Street, and Emmett Street. The downtown area consists largely of restaurants, small shops, and historic residences. The University of Central Florida has a business incubator located in the area that is an important part of the economic engine downtown. [11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,086
1900 1,132 4.2%
1910 2,157 90.5%
1920 2,722 26.2%
1930 3,163 16.2%
1940 3,225 2.0%
1950 4,310 33.6%
1960 6,845 58.8%
1970 7,119 4.0%
1980 15,487 117.5%
1990 30,050 94.0%
2000 47,814 59.1%
2010 59,682 24.8%
Est. 2012 63,369 6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2012 Estimate[13]

As of the census of 2000, there were 47,814 people, 17,121 households, and 11,813 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,866.6 per square mile (1,106.8/km2). There were 19,642 housing units at an average density of 1,177.6 per square mile (454.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.22% White, 9.99% African American, 0.52% Native American, 3.38% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 14.15% from other races, and 4.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 41.73% of the population. The majority of Hispanics residing in the city are Puerto Ricans. There are also small Colombian, Cuban, Dominican and Mexican communities residing in and/or around the city.

There were 17,121 households out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.0% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,949, and the median income for a family was $36,361. Males had a median income of $25,851 versus $21,025 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,071. About 12.3% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 10.2% of those age 65 or over.

In 2010 Kissimmee had a population of 59,682. The racial and ethnic composition was 58.9% Hispanic (33.1% Puerto Rican, 5.1% Dominican, 4.0% Colombian, 3.9% Mexican, 2.6% Cuban, 1.4% Venezuelan, 0.9% Ecuadorian, 0.7% Salvadoran, 0.7% Peruvian, 0.6% Honduran, 0.6% Nicaraguan) or Latino, 26.2% non-Hispanic White, 9.6% non-Hispanic African American, 2.8% Hispanic black, 0.6% Native American, 3.4% Asian (1.1% Asian Indian, 0.8% Filipino), 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.4% Non-Hispanic from some other race and 4.7% two or more races.[14]

Transportation[edit]

Kissimmee features a Multi Modal Transportation Hub located between Neptune Road and Monument Streets. This hub includes the Amtrak train station, which will be a station stop on the SunRail commuter rail system. There is also a Greyhound bus station. The hub also features a bus terminal providing service by the Lynx network.

Kissimmee Gateway Airport has four Fixed-Based Operators that provide service to the area. Kissimmee Gateway Airport (ISM) accommodates general aviation air service 24 hours a day with two paved airport runways--respectively 5,000 and 6,000 feet. [15] There are also two flight training schools, and a museum at the airport. Orlando International Airport can be reached from Kissimmee in 15 minutes by car.

The major land transportation arteries are the Florida's Turnpike, Interstate 4, Osceola Parkway, and US 192. Among other important routes are US 17/92 that join with US 441 into the Orange Blossom Trail (OBT) and State Route 423 also known as the John Young Parkway.

Sites of interest[edit]

Monument of States
Former Sites of Interest
  • Watermania
  • Xanadu - House of the Future
  • Splendid China
  • Jungleland

Sports[edit]

The Houston Astros conduct spring training in Kissimmee, at Osceola County Stadium. The stadium also hosts numerous amateur baseball events throughout the remainder of the year in conjunction with; USSSA, Triple Crown Sports, World Baseball Federation and Promotion Sports. The Jim Evans Academy of Professional Umpiring has also called Osceola County Stadium home since 1994.

Osceola County Softball Complex

The Osceola County Softball Complex is a facility of five softball fields which are host to a variety of amateur sports events. It is the home of the USSSA 2005 Complex of the Year Award, the Rebel Spring Games, and numerous other fast-pitch softball, slow-pitch softball, and youth baseball events.

Austin-Tindall Regional Park is an athletic facility in the area that is host to a variety of annual events.

The city is also home to the annual NCCAA men's soccer National Championship Tournament.

Recreation[edit]

Events

Osceola Heritage Park is an event facility featuring a concert arena (Silver Spurs Arena) and professional sports stadium (Osceola County Stadium). The Silver Spurs Arena has been host to many acts, ranging from Hilary Duff and Bob Dylan to an annual rodeo event. Jehovah's Witnesses also use The Silver Spurs Arena for their annual District Conventions. In 2008, a number of English and Spanish conventions were held by the Witnesses, bringing thousands of delegates to the Kissimmee area for the three-day events.

Public parks

Kissimmee has a number of public parks including:

  • Kissimmee Lakefront Park - A $20 million public works project.
  • Makinson Island Park
  • Babb Park at Shingle Creek
  • Steffe Landing at Shingle Creek
  • Twin Oaks Conservation Area - A popular place with locals for sunset.
  • Scotty's Landing - A canoe launch/landing featuring an educational area and exercise trail.
Biking

The Shingle Creek Regional Trail (SCRT) is an inter-governmental project that will eventually connect Kissimmee to Orlando through a 32 mile bicycle trail. It runs along the environmentally sensitive Shingle Creek, and was included on President Obama's America's Great Outdoors list. [16] Various parts of the trail are currently open, with many parts to be completed by 2016. It will be 12 feet wide, composed variously of bridges and paved roadway, and travel through mostly undeveloped area.

Golfing

Kissimmee is home to a number of golf courses and mini-golf courses.

Shopping

Kissimmee is also home to the Loop, a large outdoor shopping mall at John Young and Osceola Parkways on the Orange/Osceola County line. It features stores such as American Eagle, Kohls, and Best Buy. There is also a multi-plex theater.

Kissimmee also features a unique transformation of the former Osceola Square Mall into a Spanish-style marketplace called the Mercado at Sun Plaza.

Nearby

Kissimmee is near Orlando, home to Universal Orlando Resort and SeaWorld, and Lake Buena Vista/Bay Lake Walt Disney World Resort, allowing tourists to access the parks through the city.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to Kissimmee's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[17] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 School District of Osceola County, Florida 6,425
2 The Walt Disney Company 3,700
3 Walmart 2,730
4 Gaylord Palms Resort & Convention Center 1,445
5 Osceola County 1,604
6 Osceola Regional Medical Center 1,357
7 Publix 1,350
8 Florida Hospital Celebration Health 1,300
9 McLane 900
10 City of Kissimmee 646

Education[edit]

The School District of Osceola County, Florida serves Kissimmee.

Public schools[edit]

The following Osceola County public schools are located in Kissimmee:

Elementary schools

  • Boggy Creek Elementary
  • Central Avenue Elementary
  • Chestnut Elementary School
  • Cypress Elementary
  • Deerwood Elementary
  • Highlands Elementary
  • Kissimmee Elementary
  • Kissimmee Charter Academy
  • Mill Creek Elementary
  • Partin Settlement Elementary
  • Pleasant Hill Elementary
  • Reedy Creek Elementary
  • Bellalago Academy Charter School
  • Sunrise Elementary School
  • Thacker Avenue Elementary
  • Ventura Elementary
  • Kissimmee Charter Academy
  • Westside K-8 School
  • Flora Ridge Elementary

Middle schools

High schools

Private schools[edit]

  • Freedomland Christian Academy (K3-12th Grade)
  • Heritage Christian School K3-12 grade (Ministry of Bible Baptist Church)
  • Shady Oaks Private School, founded 1969, PK-5.
  • North Kissimmee Christian School, founded 1995, k3-12th grade
  • Holy Redeemer Catholic School (Pre-Kindergarten through 8th grade)
  • Osceola Adventist Christian School (Pre-Kindergarten through 8th grade)
  • Poinciana Academy
  • City Of Life, founded 1994, k3-12th grade (formerly known as Heartland Christian academy [formerly known as Heartland Preparatory])

Southland Christian School, K3-12 grade. "House of Flame"

Institutions of higher education[edit]

State colleges[edit]

Private universities, colleges, and others[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

Hart Memorial Central Library

Osceola Library System operates the Hart Memorial Central Library in Kissimmee.[18]

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Kissimmee has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Florida by place Population, Housing Units, Area and Density:2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2007-07-24. 
  2. ^ "Kissimmee, United States Page". Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  3. ^ a b c "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Kissimmee city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved August 5, 2011. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ http://www.osceola.org/about_osceola_county/157-428-20514/the_history_of_kissimmee.cfm
  7. ^ Katherine Long
  8. ^ http://www.kissimmee.org/index.aspx?page=255
  9. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer, p. 956
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ https://www.incubator.ucf.edu/business-development-locations/6/kissimmee
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved March 31, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved March 31, 2014. 
  14. ^ 2010 census figures for Kissimmee
  15. ^ http://www.kissimmee.org/index.aspx?page=111
  16. ^ http://www.kissimmee.org/index.aspx?page=693
  17. ^ City of Kissimmee CAFR
  18. ^ "Hours & Locations." Osceola Library System. Retrieved on December 29, 2010. Click map link, and "211 E Dakin Ave. Kissimmee, FL 34741" will be displayed
  19. ^ Climate Summary for Kissimmee, Florida

External links[edit]