Kista (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈɕiːsta]) is a district of Stockholm Municipality in Sweden. Located northwest of central Stockholm, it is divided by the Stockholm Metro blue line into a western part which is primarily a working class and middle class residential area, and an eastern part occupied by commercial ventures, mostly in the telecommunication and information technology industry. Kista hosts departments of both Royal Institute of Technology and Stockholm University (formerly jointly known as "the IT University"). Because of its ICT industries, it became referred to as Chipsta or Sweden's Silicon Valley in the 1980s.
Today Kista Science City is a vibrant cluster of ICT industries with more than 20 000 people involved in developing next generation 4G mobile telecommunications and Information and Communications solutions.
Kista is named after an old farm, still located in the area. The construction of the modern parts were started in the 1970s. Most of the streets in Kista are named after towns and places in Denmark, Iceland, Greenland and Faroe Islands.
Business and industry
The construction of the industrial section of Kista began in the 1970s with companies such as SRA (Svenska Radioaktiebolaget, now a part of Ericsson), RIFA AB (later Ericsson Components AB, and later still Ericsson Microelectronics AB, and now Infineon Technologies), and IBM Svenska AB (the Swedish branch of IBM). The number of employees in Eastern Kista now ranges between 25,000 and 35,000.
Ericsson is headquartered in Kista since 2003.
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