Kitano Tenman-gū

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kitano Tenman-gū
北野天満宮
Kitano-tenmangu Kyoto Japan41s3s4592.jpg
The honden, or main building.
Information
Type Tenman-gū
Dedicated to Sugawara no Michizane
Founded 947
Reisai Reitaisai (August 4th)
Honden style Gongen-zukuri
Address Hakuraku-chō, Kamigyō-ku, Kyoto
Phone +81-75-461-0005
Website Homepage

Shinto torii icon vermillion.svg Glossary of Shinto

Kitano Tenman-gū (北野天満宮?) is a Shinto shrine in Kamigyō-ku, Kyoto, Japan.[1]

History[edit]

The haiden, or main prayer hall.
Lanterns hang from the eaves of the main buildings.

It was built in 947, to appease the angry spirit of bureaucrat, scholar and poet Sugawara no Michizane, who had been exiled as a result of political maneuvers of his enemies in the Fujiwara clan.

The shrine became the object of Imperial patronage during the early Heian period.[2] In 965, Emperor Murakami ordered that Imperial messengers be sent to report important events to the guardian kami of Japan. These messenger, called heihaku, were initially presented to 16 shrines;[3] and in 991, Emperor Ichijō added three more shrines to Murakami's list — including Kitano.[4]

From 1871 through 1946, the Kitano Tenman-gū was officially designated one of the Kanpei-chūsha (官幣中社?), meaning that it stood in the second rank of government supported shrines.[5]

Tenjin[edit]

The shrine was dedicated to Michizane; and in 986, the scholar-bureaucrat was deified and the title of Tenjin (Heavenly Deity) was conferred.

A maiko serving tea at the plum blossom festival.

The grounds are filled with Michizane's favorite tree, the red and white ume or plum blossom, and when they blossom the shrine is often very crowded. The Plum Blossom Festival (梅花祭, baikasai) is held on February 25, coinciding with the monthly market. An open-air tea ceremony (野点, nodate) is hosted by geiko and apprentice maiko from the nearby Kamishichiken district, where tea and wagashi are served to 3,000 guests by geisha and maiko.[6][7] The plum festival has been held on the same day every year for about 900 years to mark the death of Michizane. The outdoor tea ceremony dates back to 1952. In that year, a big festival was held to mark the 1,050th anniversary of Michizane's death, based on the historic Kitano Ochakai tea ceremony hosted at the shrine by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

The proverbial flea market at Tenmangū

Kitano Tenmangū is popular with students praying for success in exams because the deity was in his life a man of literature and knowledge. On the 25th of every month, the shrine hosts a flea market. Together with the similar festival at Tō-ji, a temple in the same city, they inspired the Kyoto proverb, "Fair weather at the Tōji market means rainy weather at the Tenjin market," calling to mind Kyoto's fickle weather.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Richard, Ponsonby-Fane. (1964) Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan, pp. 194-220.
  2. ^ Breen, John et al. (2000). Shinto in History: Ways of the Kami, pp. 74-75.
  3. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, pp. 116-117.
  4. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Studies in Shrines, p. 118.
  5. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 126.
  6. ^ Baika-sai (Plum Festival), Kyoto Travel Guide
  7. ^ Open-Air Tea Ceremony with the Scent of Plum Blossoms: Plum Blossom Festival at Kitano Tenman-gu Shrine, Kyoto Shimbun, 2007.2.25

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°01′52″N 135°44′07″E / 35.03111°N 135.73528°E / 35.03111; 135.73528