Kitt Peak

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Kitt Peak
KPNO.jpg
Telescopes on the top
Elevation 6,883 ft (2,098 m) NAVD 88[1]
Prominence 2,092 ft (638 m)[1]
Listing List of mountains of the United States
Location
Kitt Peak is located in Arizona
Kitt Peak
Kitt Peak
Location of Kitt Peak in Arizona
Location Tohono O'odham Nation, Pima County, Arizona, U.S.
Range Quinlan Mountains
Coordinates 31°57′50″N 111°35′59″W / 31.9639671°N 111.5998359°W / 31.9639671; -111.5998359Coordinates: 31°57′50″N 111°35′59″W / 31.9639671°N 111.5998359°W / 31.9639671; -111.5998359[2]
Topo map USGS Kitt Peak
Climbing
Easiest route Road

Kitt Peak (O'odham: 'Ioligam') is a mountain in the U.S. state of Arizona, and at 6,883 feet (2,098 m) is the highest point in the Quinlan Mountains.[3] It is the location of the Kitt Peak National Observatory. The radio telescope at the Observatory is one of ten dishes comprising the Very Long Baseline Array radio telescope.

The peak was named in English by County Surveyor George J. Roskruge for his sister, Phillippa, who was the wife of William F. Kitt. On his 1893 Pima County Survey map, Roskruge spelled the name 'Kits'. At the request of the wife of George F. Kitt, the spelling was changed by decision in 1930.[2]

Kitt Peak is the second-highest peak on the Tohono O'odham Indian reservation, and as such is the second-most sacred after Baboquivari Peak. Near the summit is I'itoi's Garden, the summer residence of the nation's elder brother deity. The name Ioligam means "red stick" in reference to the abundance of manzanita bushes on and around the mountain.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kitt Peak, Arizona". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  2. ^ a b "Kitt Peak". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2009-05-15. 
  3. ^ "Kitt Peak". SummitPost.org. http://www.summitpost.org/page/275488. Retrieved 2014-02-05.
  4. ^ Waugh, John C. (June 27, 1960). "Indians Yield Telescope Site". Christian Science Monitor. p. 11.