Kitty Foyle (film)

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Kitty Foyle
Kitty Foyle original cinema poster.jpg
The original 1940 cinema poster
Directed by Sam Wood
Produced by David Hempstead
Harry E. Edington
Screenplay by Dalton Trumbo
Donald Ogden Stewart
Based on Kitty Foyle 
by Christopher Morley
Starring Ginger Rogers
Dennis Morgan
James Craig
Music by Roy Webb
Cinematography Robert De Grasse
Edited by Henry Berman
Distributed by RKO Radio Pictures
Release dates
  • December 27, 1940 (1940-12-27) (US)
Running time 108 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $738,000[1]
Box office $2,385,000[1]

Kitty Foyle, subtitled The Natural History of a Woman, is a 1940 film starring Ginger Rogers, Dennis Morgan and James Craig, which is based on Christopher Morley's 1939 bestseller also titled Kitty Foyle. Ginger Rogers won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of Kitty Foyle, and the dress she wore in the film became a new dress style, known as a Kitty Foyle dress.

Plot[edit]

Ginger Rogers as Kitty Foyle

Kitty Foyle (Ginger Rogers), a saleswoman working for Delphine Detaille (Odette Myrtil), faces a life-changing decision: marry doctor Mark Eisen (James Craig) or run away to South America with the man she has loved for many years, the already-married Wyn Strafford (Dennis Morgan). As she wrestles with her decision, the film flashes back to her youth in Philadelphia.

As a teenager, Kitty gawks at the city's elite "Main Liners" in a parade that precludes their annual Assembly Ball. Her father (Ernest Cossart) warns against getting carried away with her fantasies. Ironically, Kitty meets the embodiment of her dreams in an acquaintance of his: Wynnewood Strafford VI. Wyn offers her a secretarial job at his fledgling magazine. The two fall deeply in love, but when the magazine folds, he does not have the will to defy his social class's strictures by proposing to a woman so far below him socially.

With the death of her father and no prospect of marriage with Wyn, Kitty goes to work in New York for Delphine. One day, she presses the burglar alarm button by mistake at Delphine's fashion store. She pretends to faint to cover her blunder and is attended to by Mark. Mark, aware she is faking it, playfully blackmails her into a first date.

Wyn finally breaks down and finds Kitty in New York. The two wed, but agree that the only way their marriage can work is if they do not live in Philadelphia. When he introduces her to his family, she gets a chilly reception. She also learns that Wyn would be disinherited and left penniless if he does not remain in Philadelphia and work in the family banking business. She realizes that, though Wyn is willing to try, he is not strong enough to deal with poverty. She walks out and they are divorced.

Kitty returns to New York, where she learns that she is pregnant. When Wyn arranges to meet her, her hopes for a reconciliation are raised, only to be dashed when she sees a newspaper announcement of Wyn's engagement to someone of his own social standing. She leaves without seeing him and receives a further blow when the baby dies at birth.

Several years later, Kitty reluctantly agrees to open a Philadelphia branch store for her friend Delphine. By chance, she waits on Wyn's wife and meets their son. She takes the opportunity to entrust the secret return of a family heirloom ring to the boy.

The film returns to the beginning. She decides to marry Mark.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Katharine Hepburn, who starred opposite Rogers (but was frequently at odds with her) in Stage Door, was offered the title role but turned it down.

The film was adapted by Dalton Trumbo and Donald Ogden Stewart from the 1939 novel Kitty Foyle by Christopher Morley. It was directed by Sam Wood.

Reception[edit]

The movie was enormously popular, earning a profit of $869,000.[1]

It was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture and the Academy Award for Writing Adapted Screenplay. Ginger Rogers won for Best Actress. It was also nominated for Best Director (Sam Wood) and Best Sound (John Aalberg).[2]

In 1951, in a series of articles examining film adaptation, Lester Asheim notes that some films "reproduce the costume, housing, and appearance of the novel's prototypes without softening or heightening," but that Kitty Foyle shows the more typical "glamorizing" process of film adaptation:

Kitty Foyle is typical, in every aspect of the adaptation, of the daydream character of film characterization. The glamorizing process carries through from the casting of Ginger Rogers and the Hollywood wardrobe provided her, to such added incidents as Wyn renting an entire nightclub for a night.... While the film retains a scene or two of Kitty's crowded apartment shared with two other girls, such scenes are played for comedy and no attempt is made to convey the day-to-day monotony and routine of the working girl.[3]

Rogers' dress became a popular style, taking the name of the film.[4][5]

The film had a national re-release in 1955.

Adaptations to other media[edit]

Kitty Foyle was adapted as a radio play on the May 5, 1941 episode of Lux Radio Theater with Ginger Rogers reprising her role. Rogers also starred in the April 6, 1946 adaptation heard on Academy Award Theater. On March 3, 1947, it was produced for The Screen Guild Theater starring Olivia de Havilland.

Kitty Foyle was also a TV soap opera starring Kathleen Murray as Kitty Foyle

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Richard Jewel, 'RKO Film Grosses: 1931-1951', Historical Journal of Film Radio and Television, Vol 14 No 1, 1994 p55
  2. ^ "The 13th Academy Awards (1941) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-08-13. 
  3. ^ Asheim, Lester (Summer 1951). "From Book to Film: Mass Appeals". Hollywood Quarterly 5 (4): 341. ISSN 1549-0076. OCLC 56138080. 
  4. ^ "Ginger Rogers' passion for fashion". Retrieved 2012-02-07. 
  5. ^ "IMDB Kitty Foyle trivia". Retrieved 2012-02-07. 

External links[edit]

Streaming audio