Kiveton Park //, informally Kiveton, is a village within the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, in South Yorkshire, England. Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, from the Norman conquest to 1868, Kiveton was a hamlet of the parish of Harthill-with-Woodall. It subsequently transferred to the civil parish of Wales which takes its name from the neighbouring village.
Kiveton Park is located at approximately sea level. It lies on the B6059 road (Station Road) and is served by two railway stations: Kiveton Bridge and Kiveton Park. The Chesterfield Canal lies to the south, while the villages of Todwick and South Anston are to the north and east. Kiveton Park lays claim to being in Rotherham Borough Council, has a Sheffield postcode, a Worksop telephone code, and has the Chesterfield Canal running through it, it also lays claim to being the smallest place in Europe to have two separate railway stations - Kiveton Bridge railway station, in the centre of the village, and Kiveton Park railway station., at an elevation of around 100 metres above
Kiveton gets its name from the Anglo-Saxon for the settlement in the hollow. In the Domesday Book it is written Cieutone, and was under the ownership of William de Warenne. It subsequently transferred to the de Keuton family, who sold the estate on to former Lord Mayor of London Sir William Hewet in 1580. One of his descendants was Thomas Osborne who became the first Duke of Leeds. He arranged the building of a stately home in the village, Kiveton Hall (also spelled Keveton, Keeton or Keton Hall), in 1698. The building was demolished by George William Frederick Osborne, 6th Duke of Leeds in 1812, with local legend stating that the demolition was the result of a bet with the then Prince of Wales (subsequently George IV of the United Kingdom).
A major Community History Project has been in progress to record and encourage an understanding of the history of Kiveton Park and neighbouring Wales, particularly their mining heritage. This was based in the Old Colliery Offices, pictured below, and can be explored at http://www.kivetonwaleshistory.co.uk
Coal mining has traditionally been the principal industry of Kiveton, and dates back to the Middle Ages. Much of the coal is near to the surface, and as early as 1598, the area was extracting 2,000 tons a year. By the middle of the 19th century, the coal-fields were being served both by canal and by rail, and in 1866, the Kiveton Park Colliery was sunk, making it one of the earliest deep mines in the world. As a result of the new colliery, the population of Kiveton leapt from 300 to 1,400 over a period of just ten years.
The pit closed in 1994, resulting in the loss of 1,000 jobs. As a consequence, Kiveton is now essentially a commuter base for adjacent towns.
Kiveton is also home to large steelworks at the bottom of Redhill. Due to the fire which occurred on 27 August 2009, it is unknown the extent of the damage.
The Kiveton Park and Wales Community Development Trust use the office building as a base of operations. The trust is aims to provide appropriate services and increase development within the community sector.
Kiveton has a long sporting heritage stretching back to 1879, when Kiveton Park Colliery Cricket Club was formed. The club plays in the Bassetlaw and District Cricket League and has done since its inception in 1904, and are the only club to hold the distinction of playing in the league every single year the league has functioned.
In 1892, Kiveton Park Football Club was formed. The club was one of the founding members of the Northern Counties East League League, and now plays in the Central Midlands Football League, at the 12th level of the English Football Pyramid. The club played in the FA Cup for four consecutive years from 1946 as 'Kiveton Park Colliery', and in 1969 as 'Kiveton Park United'. The club also played in the FA Vase from 1976 to 1989.
The village is also famous as the birthplace of legendary football manager Herbert Chapman and his brother Harry, one of the greatest players to have played for Sheffield Wednesday. At one time Kiveton was reputed to be the birthplace of more professional footballers than any place its size in England, with the likes of the Chapman brothers, Derrick Ashton (Aston Villa), Sidney Cartwright (Arsenal), Jack Hicklin (Sheffield Wednesday), Leslie Hoften (Manchester United), Eric Oakton (Chelsea) and Walter Wigmore (Birmingham City) all hailing from the village.
Patrick Barclay, in his book about Herbert Chapman, wrote: "Kiveton Park could claim to have been a cradle of two revolutions, one industrial and the other sporting, and beyond question it is the birthplace of at least one great man, widely considered the father of football as we have come to know it. "
Following many successful month long broadcasts since the year 2000 on Saturday 27 March 2010, Kiveton gained its very own community radio station on a 5 year licence called Redroad
- James Toseland - 2004 and 2007 Superbike World Champion
- Harry Chapman - Sheffield Wednesday football player
- Herbert Chapman - Arsenal Manager
- Eric Oakton - Chelsea football player
- Bert Morley - Notts County, Grimsby Town and England football player
- Leslie Hofton - Manchester United football player
- Walter Wigmore - Birmingham City football player
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kiveton Park.|