Kiyoura Keigo

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In this Japanese name, the family name is "Kiyoura".
Kiyoura Keigo
清浦 奎吾
Kiyoura Keigo 2.jpg
13th Prime Minister of Japan
In office
7 January 1924 – 11 June 1924
Monarch Taishō
Hirohito (Regent)
Preceded by Yamamoto Gonnohyōe
Succeeded by Katō Takaaki
Personal details
Born (1850-02-14)14 February 1850
Yamaga, Kumamoto, Japan
Died 5 November 1942(1942-11-05) (aged 92)
Tokyo, Japan
Political party Independent
Signature

Count Kiyoura Keigo (清浦 奎吾?, 14 February 1850 – 5 November 1942) was a Japanese politician.[1] He was the 23rd Prime Minister of Japan from 7 January 1924 to 11 June 1924, during the period which historians have called the “Taisho Democracy”.

Early life[edit]

Kiyoura was born with the name Fujaku in Kamoto-gun, Higo Province, (part of present-day Yamaga, Kumamoto), as the fifth son of a Buddhist priest named Ōkubo Ryoshi. He studied at the private school of Hirose Tanso from 1865 to 1871. During this time, he befriended Governor Nomura Morihide and took up the name "Kiyoura Keigo."

Political career[edit]

Nomura was appointed governor of Saitama Prefecture in 1873 and appointed Kiyoura to a junior-grade civil service position there.

In 1876, at the age of twenty-seven, Kiyoura joined the Ministry of Justice, and served as a prosecutor and helping draft Japan’s first modern Criminal procedures laws. In 1884 he caught the attention of Yamagata Aritomo who appointed him head of the police forces in Japan, despite his relative youth of 34. Kiyoura went on to serve as Vice Minister of Justice, and Minister of Justice and while at the Ministry of Justice, he helped draft the Peace Preservation Law of 1887.

In 1891, he was selected as a member of the House of Peers by Imperial nomination. A close ally of Yamagata Aritomo, he was rewarded with numerous cabinet positions, including that of Justice Minister in the second Matsukata and second Yamagata administrations, and Justice, Agriculture and Commerce ministers in the first Katsura administration.

In 1902, Kiyoura was elevated to the title of baron (danshaku) in the kazoku peerage system. He received the 1st class of the Order of the Sacred Treasures the following year, and in 1906 was awarded with the 1st class of the Order of the Rising Sun. In September 1907, his title was elevated to viscount (shishaku).

In 1914, while he was Chairman of the Privy Council, Kiyoura received an imperial order appointing him Prime Minister of Japan following Yamamoto Gonnohyōe. However, Kiyoura declined the post because of the controversy involving the ongoing Siemens scandal and Ōkuma Shigenobu was chosen to become prime minister instead.

As prime minister[edit]

Kiyoura accepted a second imperial order in 1924 following the Toranomon Incident, and become 23rd Prime Minister of Japan. However, his cabinet was formed at a time when non-partisan, aristocratic cabinets were falling out of favor, and the Diet's lower house held up most of his initiatives for all six months of his administration.

Perhaps the most important event during his term as prime minister was the royal wedding of Crown Prince Hirohito (the future Emperor Shōwa) with Nagako Kuniyoshi (the future Empress Kōjun) on 26 January 1924.

In 1924, he dissolved the Lower House of the Diet of Japan when faced with the three party coalition of the Kenseikai, Rikken Seiyukai and Kakushin Kurabu which had formed a majority in Diet of more than 150 seats. As a result of his massive rout in the subsequent general election, his cabinet resigned en masse.

In November 1928, Kiyoura was elevated to the title of Count (hakushaku). He was posthumously awarded the Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum in 1942.

Honours[edit]

From the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  • Baron (27 February 1902)
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Sacred Treasure (26 December 1903)
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun (1 April 1906)
  • Viscount (21 September 1907)
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers (4 September 1920)
  • Count (10 November 1928)
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum (5 November 1942; posthumous)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kiyoura Keigo" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 534, p. 534, at Google Books.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Yamamoto Gonnohyōe
Prime Minister of Japan
Jan 1924 – Jun 1924
Succeeded by
Katō Takaaki
Preceded by
Yamagata Aritomo
Chairman, Privy Council
Feb 1922 – Jan 1924
Succeeded by
Hamao Arata
Preceded by
Yoshikawa Akimasa
Home Minister
Sept 1905 – Jan 1906
Succeeded by
Hara Takashi
Preceded by
Hirata Tosuke
Minister of Agriculture and Commerce
Jul 1903 – Jan 1906
Succeeded by
Matsuoka Yasukowa
Preceded by
Kaneko Kentarō
Minister of Justice
Jun 1901 – Sep 1903
Succeeded by
Hatano Yoshinao
Preceded by
Ōhigashi Yoshiakira
Minister of Justice
Nov 1898 – Oct 1900
Succeeded by
Kaneko Kentarō
Preceded by
Yoshikawa Akimasa
Minister of Justice
Sep 1896 – Jan 1898
Succeeded by
Sone Arasuke