Kizimen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kizimen
Kizimen Volcano Russia Jan 6 2011.jpg
Kizimen Volcano Russia, 6 January 2011
Elevation 2,376 m (7,795 ft)[1]
Prominence 1,530 m (5,020 ft)[1]
Listing Ultra
Location
Kizimen is located in Russia
Kizimen
Kizimen
Russia
Location Kamchatka, Russia
Coordinates 55°07′51″N 160°19′12″E / 55.13083°N 160.32000°E / 55.13083; 160.32000Coordinates: 55°07′51″N 160°19′12″E / 55.13083°N 160.32000°E / 55.13083; 160.32000[1]
Geology
Type Stratovolcano
Last eruption 2010 to 2013

Kizimen (Russian: Кизимен) is a stratovolcano located in the southern part of Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia.

The volcano was in a dormant state since an eruption in 1929, but on 2 September 2009 it was reported by Georgina Cooper for the Reuters news agency that the crater lake temperature had risen 10 degrees Celsius in a week and plumes of steam were rising from its flanks.[2] The activity continued throughout 2010, with the formation of new fumaroles reported in November.[3] Seismic activity and ash emission continued to build over the following weeks, and in January 2011 a hotspot was recorded, indicating the presence of lava. In early February 2011 the volcano sent a column of ash several kilometres high. Air traffic was alerted and told to avoid the area.[4]

In April 2011, it was reported that the volcanic activity and ash were threatening the endangered wild reindeer of the area.[5]

On 31 December 2012, following a 24 hour period of some 357 earthquakes reported under the volcano, Kizimen was raised to 'orange alert' status. An eruption was reported on 10 January 2013, with the ash plume reaching 14,000 ft (4,250 m) altitude.[6]

On December 7, 2013 activity at Kizimen and nearby Kliuchevskoi significantly increased, continued during November 29 - December 7, prompting KVERT to raise the Alert Level to Red. Ash plumes rose to altitudes of 5.5-6 km (18,000-19,700 ft) a.s.l. and drifted more than 212 km NE and over 1,000 km E. According to a news article, a warning to aircraft was issued for the area around the volcanoes. Video showed gas-and-steam activity, and satellite images detected a daily weak thermal anomaly. On December 9, the Alert Level was lowered to Green when the eruptions stopped.

The volcano is not well understood, and research[7] has indicated that the volcano could erupt in a similar fashion to the catastrophic 1980 eruption of Mount St Helens.

Pyroclastic flow eruption of Kizimen in December 2010

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Russia: Kamchatka and the Russian Pacific Islands" Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2013-03-23.
  2. ^ "Volcano stirs, may blow soon", Reuters, Retrieved on 2009-05-09.
  3. ^ "Kizimen Volcano", VolcanoLive.com, Retrieved on 2011-08-02.
  4. ^ "Russian volcano erupts sending ash four kilometres high", BBC, Retrieved on 2011-07-02.
  5. ^ "Spewing volcano threatens Kamchatka reindeer". The Voice of Russia. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "Kizimen Volcano",VolcanoLive.com, Retrieved 2013-05-04
  7. ^ "Kizimen Volcano, Kamchatka - A future Mount St. Helens?", KSCNET.ru, Retrieved on 2011-08-02.

Sources[edit]