Kizlyar

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For other uses of "Kizlyar", see Kizlyar (disambiguation).
Kizlyar (English)
Кизляр (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Republic of Dagestan (2008-03).svg
Location of the Republic of Dagestan in Russia
Kizlyar is located in Republic of Dagestan
Kizlyar
Kizlyar
Location of Kizlyar in the Republic of Dagestan
Coordinates: 43°51′N 46°43′E / 43.850°N 46.717°E / 43.850; 46.717Coordinates: 43°51′N 46°43′E / 43.850°N 46.717°E / 43.850; 46.717
Coat of Arms of Kizlyar (Dagestan) (1842).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of April 2006)
Country Russia
Federal subject Republic of Dagestan[1]
Administratively subordinated to Town of Kizlyar[1]
Administrative center of Kizlyarsky District,[1] Town of Kizlyar[1]
Municipal status (as of November 2006)
Urban okrug Kizlyar Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Kizlyar Urban Okrug,[2] Kizlyarsky Municipal District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 48,984 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
First mentioned 1609[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 368830–368833, 368839, 368886
Kizlyar on WikiCommons

Kizlyar (Russian: Кизля́р) is a town in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, located on the border with the Chechen Republic in the delta of the Terek River 221 kilometers (137 mi) northwest of Makhachkala, the capital of the republic. Population: 48,984 (2010 Census);[3] 48,457 (2002 Census);[6] 39,748 (1989 Census);[7] 30,000 (1970).

History[edit]

Kizlyarka vodka

The first reference to Kizlyar dates back to 1609, although some historians associate the place with Samandar, the 8th-century capital of Khazaria.[citation needed] In 1735, the Russian government built a fortress in Kizlyar and laid foundations for the Caucasus fortified borderline. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Kizlyar was one of the trading posts between Russia and the Middle East and Central Asia. During this period, the population was largely Armenian and Russian. In 1796, there were 2,800 Armenians and 1,000 Russians living in Kizlyar.[8]

In January 1996, the local airbase was raided by the Chechen separatists in the course of the Kizlyar raid, which claimed the lives of seventy-eight Russian soldiers.

It is also the possible birthplace of Pyotr Bagration, a Russian general.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kizlyar serves as the administrative center of Kizlyarsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with one settlement of urban type (Komsomolsky) and one rural locality (the railway crossing loop of No. 17), incorporated separately as the Town of Kizlyar—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Kizlyar is incorporated as Kizlyar Urban Okrug.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic groups in the city administrative area (2002 census):[9]

Ethnic groups in the city itself (2002 census):[10]

  • Russians (48.6%)
  • Avars (15.4%)
  • Dargins (11.7%)
  • Kumyks (5.0%)
  • Lezgins (4.0%)
  • Laks (3.2%)
  • Azerbaijanis (1.8%)
  • Nogais (1.4%)
  • Tabasarans (1.3%)
  • Rutuls (1.3%)
  • Chechens (1.1%)

Economy[edit]

In the early 19th century, Kizlyar became a center of viticulture and wine making. The local "cognac factory" (Кизлярский коньячный завод) produces a variety of alcoholic beverages but specializes primarily in a regional variant of brandy, marketed throughout Russia as "cognac". Kizlyarka is a type of grape vodka produced in Kizlyar. Kizlyar is also known for traditional knife, dagger and saber making.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Kizlyar has sister city relationships with:[11]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

St. George church in Kizlyar

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #16
  2. ^ a b c Law #6
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Jane Burbank and David L. Ransel, Imperial Russia: New Histories of the Empire (Indiana University Press, 1998), 160.
  9. ^ http://www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru/rndaghestan.html
  10. ^ http://www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru/kizlyar02.html
  11. ^ Kizlyar official site

Sources[edit]

  • Народное Собрание Республики Дагестан. Закон №16 от 10 апреля 2002 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Республики Дагестан», в ред. Закона №106 от 30 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Республики Дагестан». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Дагестанская правда", №81, 12 апреля 2002 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan. Law #16 of April 10, 2002 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #106 of December 30, 2013 On Amending Various Legislative Acts of the Republic of Dagestan. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Народное Собрание Республики Дагестан. Закон №6 от 13 января 2005 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Республики Дагестан», в ред. Закона №60 от 5 октября 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 9 Закона Республики Дагестан "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Республики Дагестан"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Дагестанская правда", №8, 15 февраля 2005 г. (People's Assembly of the Republic of Dagestan. Law #6 of January 13, 2005 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Dagestan, as amended by the Law #60 of October 5, 2012 On Amending Article 9 of the Law of the Republic of Dagestan "On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of the Republic of Dagestan". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).