Kladno

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Coordinates: 50°9′N 14°6′E / 50.150°N 14.100°E / 50.150; 14.100
Kladno
Town
Kladno CZ Town Hall 01.jpg
Kladno Town Hall
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region Central Bohemian
District Kladno
Elevation 384 m (1,260 ft)
Coordinates 50°9′N 14°6′E / 50.150°N 14.100°E / 50.150; 14.100
Area 36.9 km2 (14.2 sq mi)
Population 70,003 (As of 2004)
Density 1,897 / km2 (4,913 / sq mi)
First mentioned 14th century
Mayor Dan Jiránek
Postal code 272 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Kladno
Website: www.mestokladno.cz

Kladno (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkladno]) is a city in the Central Bohemian Region (Středočeský kraj) of the Czech Republic. It is located 25 kilometres (16 miles) northwest of Prague. Kladno is the largest city of the region and holds a population together with its adjacent suburban areas of more than 110,000 people (70,000 in Kladno proper). The city is part of the Prague metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The first written evidence of Kladno dates back to the 14th century. In 1561 the city rights were secured. Until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the KLADNO district, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.[1]

Economy[edit]

Kladno was the historical birthplace of heavy industry in Bohemia. For years, the town was home to the Poldi steel factory, the region's largest employer. The factory still stands but has been divided into smaller entities after privatisation and changes in ownership. The mining industry began here in 1842. A post-office was opened in 1863.[2] The proximity to Prague helped to keep the local economy stable in spite of the heavy industrial decline after the collapse of the communist regime. A series of Western European companies has established production in Kladno, including Quickstep Laminate Floors, Dr. Oetker, NKT Cables and Lego.

Notable natives[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Kladno is twinned with:[10]

Kladno has a partnership with:

Trivia[edit]

Kladno, kaple sv. Floriana

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
  2. ^ Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961
  3. ^ "Biography of Mayor Anton J. Cermak". Retrieved 13 Feb 2011. 
  4. ^ "Jaromir Jagr". Retrieved 19 Jul 2012. 
  5. ^ "Michal Pivonka". Retrieved 13 Feb 2011. 
  6. ^ "Tomas Plekanec". Retrieved 13 Feb 2011. 
  7. ^ "Ondrej Pavelec". Retrieved 13 Feb 2011. 
  8. ^ "Michael Frolik". Retrieved 13 Feb 2011. 
  9. ^ "Frantisek Kaberle". Retrieved 13 Feb 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Partnerská města Kladna" (in Czech). 1 December 2009. Retrieved 7 April 2010. 
  11. ^ "Washington's Sister Cities, Counties, States and Ports". Washington State Lieutenant Governor's Office. 
  12. ^ "Podolsk sister cities". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 2010-04-29. 
  13. ^ "New expansion of the LEGO factory in Czech Republic". LEGO.com. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 

External links[edit]