|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2011)|
|Motto: Perpaduan Sendi Kekuatan (Malay)
"Unity Joint Strength"
|1977, 1 January|
|• Administered by||Majlis Perbandaran Klang
(Klang Municipal Council)
| • Yang diPertua
|Y. Bhg. Tuan Mislan bin Tugiu|
|• Total||573 km2 (202 sq mi)|
|• Total||744,062 |
|• Density||1,298/km2 (3,360/sq mi)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC)|
Klang (//; Jawi: كلاڠ), old alternative spelling: Kelang, is the royal city and former capital of the state of Selangor, Malaysia. It is located within the Klang District in Klang Valley. It is located about 32 km to the west of Kuala Lumpur and 6 km east of Port Klang. It was the civil capital of Selangor in an earlier era prior to the emergence of Kuala Lumpur and the current capital, Shah Alam. Port Klang, which is located in the Klang District, is the 13th busiest transshipment port and the 16th busiest container port in the world.
Majlis Perbandaran Klang (MPK), the local municipal council of Klang, exercises jurisdiction for a majority of the Klang District while the city council of Shah Alam, the state capital, exercises some jurisdiction over other parts of the district (known as Shah Alam selatan).
The royal town of Klang has been a site of human settlement since prehistoric times. Bronze Age drums, axes and other artifacts have been found within the town itself and within the vicinity. Commanding the approaches to the tin rich Klang Valley, Klang has always been of key strategic importance.
The celebrated Tun Perak, the Malacca Sultanate's greatest Bendahara, came from Klang and became its territorial chief. After the fall of Melaka to the Portuguese in 1511, Klang remained in Malay hands, controlled by the Sultan Johor-Riau until the creation of Selangor sultanate in the 18th century.
In the 19th century the importance of Klang greatly increased by the rapid expansion of tin mining as a result of the increased demand for tin from the West. The desire to control the Klang Valley led directly to the Selangor Civil War (sometimes called the Klang War) of 1867–1874 when Raja Mahdi fought to regain what he considered his birthright as territorial chief against Raja Abdullah. Klang did not lose its importance, however. Until the construction of Port Swettenham (now known as Port Klang) in 1901, the royal town remained the chief outlet for Selangor's tin, and its position was enhanced by the completion of the Klang Valley railway (to Bukit Kuda) in 1886. In the 1890s its growth was further stimulated by the development of the district into the State' leading producer of coffee, and then rubber.
In 1901, it became the official seat of Sultan Sulaiman (Sultan Alauddin Sulaiman Shah). Today Klang is no longer State capital or the main seat of the Ruler, but it remains the headquarters of the District to which it gives it name.
Klang may have taken its name from the Klang River which runs through the town. The entire geographical area in the immediate vicinity of the river, which begins at Kuala Lumpur and runs west all the way to Port Klang, is known as the Klang Valley.
Popular theories on the origin of the name are that it was derived from the Mon–Khmer word Klong or from the old meaning of the Malay word Kilang meaning "warehouses", given that it was full of warehouses in the old days (kilang currently means "factory").
Klang is divided into Klang North and Klang South, which are separated by the Klang River.
Klang North used to be the main commercial centre of Klang, but since 2008, more residential and commercial areas as well as government offices are being developed in Klang South. Most major government and private health care facilities are also located at Klang South. Hence, this area tends to be busier and becomes the center of social and recreational activities after office hours and during the weekends. This is triggered by the rapid growth of new and modern townships such as Bandar Botanic, Bandar Bukit Tinggi, Taman Bayu Perdana, Glenmarie Cove, Kota Bayuemas etc. all located within Klang South.
At the Klang North side, some of the older and established residential areas include Berkeley Garden, Taman Eng Ann, Taman Klang Utama, Bandar Baru Klang and so forth. Newer townships include Bandar Bukit Raja, Aman Perdana and Klang Sentral.
Malaysia's busiest port, Port Klang is located at Klang South.
Klang encompasses three parliamentary seats: Kapar (Mr. Manikavasagam a/l Sundaram of PKR), Kota Raja (Mdm. Siti Mariah Mahmud of PAS), and Klang (Mr. Charles Anthony Santiago of DAP). All three are held by the Pakatan Rakyat coalition. These constituencies are subdivided into state seats.
Klang is served by five commuter stations that constitute the Batu Caves-Port Klang Route of the KTM Komuter system, namely the Bukit Badak Komuter station, the Kampung Raja Uda Komuter station, the Klang Komuter station, the Teluk Pulai Komuter station and the Teluk Gadong Komuter station.
Klang is well connected to the rest of the Klang Valley via the Federal Highway, the New Klang Valley Expressway, South Klang Valley Expressway, the North Klang Straits Bypass (New North Klang Straits Bypass) as well as the KESAS Highway.
Infrastructure and developments
There are several shopping complexes in Klang, primarily in Klang South, namely:
- ÆON Bukit Tinggi Shopping Centre (Bandar Bukit Tinggi)
- ÆON Bukit Raja Shopping Centre (Bandar Baru Klang)
- Carrefour (Kapar Road)
- Centro Business Centre
- Giant (Bandar Bukit Tinggi, Klang Sentral)
- Harbour Place Shopping Mall
- Klang Parade (Meru Road)
- Shaw Centrepoint (Klang Town)
- GM Klang Wholesale City (Bandar Botanic) Major in Wholesale Business
- Tesco (Bandar Bukit Tinggi)
Hospitals and medical centres
- Hospital Tengku Ampuan Rahimah
- Pantai Hospital Klang Persiaran Raja Muda Musa
- KO Specialist Center Klang Jalan Goh Hock Huat
- KPJ Klang Specialist Hospital (Berkeley Garden)
- Arunamari Specialist Medical Centre, Jalan Batu Unjur
- Sri Kota Medical Centre, Jalan Mohet
- SMJK Kwang Hua, Klang
- Klang High School
- SRK Jalan Batu Tiga (1) & (2)
- Kwang Hua High School
- Bukit Kuda Girls' School
- Anglo Chinese School, Klang
- La Salle School, Klang
- Convent School
- Methodist Girls' School, Klang
- Sri Istana School
- Sri Lethia School
- Sri Acmar School
- Chung Hwa High School
- Pin Hwa High School
- Hin Hua High School
- SMK Tengku Ampuan Rahimah
- SMK Tengku Ampuan Jemaah
- SRK Simpang Lima (1) & (2)
- Kolej Islam Sultan Alam Shah
- SMK Kota Kemuning
- SMK Jalan Kebun
- SMK Kampung Jawa
- SMK Raja Mahadi
- SMK Tengku Idris Shah
- Regent International School
- SMK Meru
- SMK Sri Andalas
- SMK Batu Unjur
- SRK Batu Unjur
- SRK Bukit Tinggi
- SRK Jalan Kebun
- SK Sungai Binjai
- SRA Jalan kebun
- http://www.statistics.gov.my/portal/download_Population/files/population/04Jadual_PBT_negeri/PBT_Selangor.pdf table 13.1
- "PORT KLANG CELEBRATES OVER 100 YEARS OF BEING MALAYSIA’S PREMIER PORT". Port Klang Authority. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
- The Kettledrums of Southeast Asia: A Bronze Age World and Its Aftermath - August Johan Bernet Kempers - Google Books. Books.google.com.au. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
- A History of Malaysia - Barbara Watson Andaya, Leonard Y. Andaya - Google Books. Books.google.com.au. Retrieved 2013-09-17.
|Capital of Selangor
|Capital of Selangor