12 August 1860|
Spital, Weitra, Waldviertel, Austrian Empire
|Died||21 December 1907
Cause of death
|Spouse(s)||Alois Hitler (1885–1903; his death)|
|Children||Gustav Hitler (10 May 1885 - 8 December 1887)
Ida Hitler (23 September 1886 - 2 January 1888)
Otto Hitler (1887 - 1887)
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 - 30 April 1945)
Edmund Hitler (24 March 1894 - 28 February 1900)
Paula Hitler (21 January 1896 - 1 June 1960)
Alois Hitler, Jr. (13 January 1882 - 20 May 1956)
Angela Hitler (28 July 1883 - 30 October 1949)
|Parents||Johann Baptist Pölzl
|Relatives||Johann Nepomuk Hiedler (maternal great-grandfather)|
Family background and marriage
Born in the Austrian village of Spital, Weitra, Waldviertel, her father was Johann Baptist Pölzl and her mother was Johanna Hiedler. Either Hiedler's father Johann Nepomuk Hiedler or his brother Johann Georg Hiedler (who is presumed and accepted as the father) was the biological father of her husband, Alois Hitler. Therefore, Klara and Alois were most likely first cousins once removed.
In 1876, three years after Alois Hitler's first marriage to Anna Glasl-Hörer, Alois hired 16-year-old Klara as a household servant. After the death of his second wife — Franziska Matzelsberger — in 1884, Alois and Klara were married on 7 January 1885 in a brief wedding held early that morning at Hitler's rented rooms on the top floor of the Pommer Inn in Braunau. Klara found the wedding to be a short ceremony. Alois then went to work for the day at his job as a customs official. Their first son — Gustav — was born four months later, on 15 May 1885. Ida followed on 23 September 1886. Both infants died of diphtheria during the winter of 1886-1887. A third child, Otto, was born and died in 1887.
Adolf was born 20 April 1889, followed by Edmund on 24 March 1894 and Paula on 21 January 1896. Edmund died of measles on 28 February 1900, at the age of five. Klara's adult life was spent keeping house and raising children, for which, according to Smith, Alois had little understanding or interest.
Alois and Klara's children were:
- Gustav Hitler (born 10 May 1885, died of diphtheria on 8 December 1887 in Braunau am Inn)
- Ida Hitler (born 23 September 1886, died of diphtheria 2 January 1888 in Braunau am Inn)
- Otto Hitler (born and died 1887 in Vienna, lived three days)
- Adolf Hitler (born 20 April 1889, committed suicide 30 April 1945), German dictator
- Edmund Hitler (born 24 March 1894, Passau, died of measles, 28 February 1900, Leonding)
- Paula Hitler (born 21 January 1896, died 1 June 1960), the last surviving member of Hitler's immediate family.
Later life and death
When Alois died in 1903 he left her a government pension. She sold the house in Leonding and moved with young Adolf and Paula to an apartment in Linz, where they lived frugally. Three or four years later a tumor was diagnosed in her breast. Following a long series of painful iodoform treatments given by her doctor Eduard Bloch, Klara died at home in Linz from the toxic medical side-effects on 21 December 1907. Adolf and Paula were at her side.[better source needed] Owing to their mother's pension and money from her modest estate, the two siblings were left with some financial support. Klara was buried in Leonding near Linz.
Adolf Hitler had a close relationship with his mother, was crushed by her death and carried the grief for the rest of his life. Bloch later recalled that "Never in my entire career have I seen anyone so destroyed by grief as Adolf Hitler." Decades later in 1940 Hitler showed gratitude to Bloch (who was Jewish) by allowing him to emigrate with his wife from Austria to the United States.
Removal of tombstone
On 28 March 2012 the tombstone marking Alois Hitler's grave (and that of his wife, Klara) in Leonding was removed, without ceremony, by a descendant, according to Kurt Pittertschatscher, the pastor of the parish. The descendant is said to be an elderly female relative of Alois Hitler's first wife, Anna, who has also given up any rights to the rented burial plot. The plot was covered in white gravel and left with its distinguishing single tree which has since been removed, but the grave is very easy to locate. The remains of Hitler's parents are still interred in the grave.
- Alois Hitler
- Adolf Hitler
- Paula Hitler
- Angela Hitler
- Alois Hitler, Jr.
- William Patrick Hitler
- Leopold Frankenberger, Jr.
- Hitler family
- "The Mind of Adolf Hitler",Walter C. Langer, New York 1972 p.116
- "A Biography of Adolf Hitler - Early Days - 1889-1908". Secondworldwar.co.uk. 2012-08-12. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- Payne, Robert (1973). The Life and Death of Adolf Hitler. New York: Praeger. p. 12.The marriage took place early in the morning, and Klara is said to have complained: "We were married at six o'clock in the morning, and my husband was already at work at seven."
- Vermeeren, Mar, De jeugd van Adolf Hitler 1889-1907 en zijn familie en voorouders, Soesterberg, 2007, Uitgeverij Aspekt, ISBN 978-90-5911-606-1 (Note: Source carried forward and only presumed reliable)
- "[She] was completely devoted to the faith and teachings of Catholicism..." Smith, p. 42
- Binion, Rudolph (1976). Hitler among the Germans. New York: Elsevier. p. 144. ISBN 0-444-99033-X.
- "Rise of Hitler: Hitler's Mother Dies". The History Place. 1907-01-14. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- Spartacus Educational. Retrieved on 17 August 2007.
- "In meiner ganzen Karriere habe ich niemanden gesehen, der so vom Kummer vernichtet war wie Adolf Hitler." Zeit Online Literatur Retrieved 22 May 13
- "Adolf Hitler: Biography". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
- Adolf Hitler parents' tombstone in Austria removed, BBC
- Bullock, Alan. Hitler: A Study in Tyranny (1953) ISBN 0-06-092020-3
- Fest, Joachim C. Hitler Verlag Ullstein (1973) ISBN 0-15-141650-8
- Kershaw, Ian. Hitler 1889-1936: Hubris, W W Norton (1999) ISBN 0-393-04671-0
- Langer, Walter C. The Mind of Adolf Hitler. Basic Books Inc., New York, (1972) ISBN 0-465-04620-7 ASIN: B000CRPF1K
- Marc Vermeeren, "De jeugd van Adolf Hitler 1889-1907 en zijn familie en voorouders"; Soesterberg (2007), 420 blz. Uitgeverij Aspekt. ISBN 978-90-5911-606-1
- Maser, Weiner. Hitler: Legend, Myth and Reality, Penguin Books Ltd. (1973) ISBN 0-06-012831-3
- Smith, Bradley F. Adolf Hitler: His Family, Childhood and Youth, Hoover Institute (1967; reprinted in 1979), ISBN 0-8179-1622-9