Klaus Bechgaard (born March 5, 1945 in Copenhagen, Denmark) is a Danish scientist and chemist, noted for being one of the first scientists in the world to synthesize a number of organic charge transfer complexes and demonstrate their superconductivity, threreof the name Bechgaard salt. These salts all exhibit superconductivity at low temperatures.
The first unconventional superconductor composed of organic material, was discovered by Bechgaard and Denis Jerome in 1979. This discovery garnered attention in the international scientific community, and for a period he was one of the most quoted scientists in the field of natural sciences. He also received a nomination for the Nobel Prize in chemistry for this discovery.
Klaus Bechgaard did research at the University of Copenhagen, where he also held a Professorship in organic chemistry until 1993. From 1993 until 2000 he was the chairman of the Department of Physics and Chemistry at Risø and in 2001 he was appointed head of the newly assigned Department of Polymer Research at Risø. From 2001 and onwards he has been the head of Risø's nano technology programme, and The Danish Center of Polymers which is a joint venture between the Technical University of Copenhagen and Risø.
Career and achievements
- 1969: Cand scient. Organic Chemistry, University of Copenhagen
- 1973: Lic.Scient. (Chemistry), University of Copenhagen.
- 1974-84: Lecturer at the University of Copenhagen.
- 1984-89: Research Professor at the University of Copenhagen
- 1989-93: Professor of Organic Chemistry at the University of Copenhagen.
- 1993-2000: Head of the Department of Condensed Matter Physics and Chemistry. Risø.
- 2001: In charge of the Interdisciplinary Nanotechnology Programme, Risø
- 2001-2003: Temporary Head of The Danish Polymer Centre and the Polymer Department Risø
- 2004–present: Professor of Chemistry at the University of Copenhagen (May 2004-). Deputy Head
- 2004–present: A. J. Heeger Endowed Chair, UCSB, Santa Barbara
- 1983: Elected member of the Danish Academy of Natural Sciences
- 1984: Elected member of the Royal Danish Academy.
- 2002: Elected member of the French Academy of Sciences
- Approximately 370 peer reviewed papers in Chemistry and Solid State Physics, 7 patents
- 1991: The Hewlett Packard Europhysics prize
- 1997: The NKT scientific prize
- 2000: The EU Descartes prize
- 2008: The Hartmann Foundation memorial prize
- Bechgaard salt
- Unconventional superconductor
- Organic superconductor
- Van Hove singularity
- Solid-state chemistry
- "Organic Superconductors". National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. Retrieved 22 October 2007.
- People, ideas, entrepreneurship & innovation.http://www.tmp.ucsb.edu/extracurricular/on_the_edge.html
- D. Jérome, A. Mazaud, M. Ribault, K. Bechgaard, Superconductivity in a synthetic organic conductor: (TMTSF)2PF6], J. Phys. Lett. (Paris) 41, L95 (1980).
- K. Bechgaard, K. Carneiro, M. Olsen, F. Rasmussen and C.S. Jacobsen, Zero-pressure organic superconductor: di-(tetramethyltetraselenafulvalenium)-perchlorate [(TMTSF)2ClO4], Phys. Rev. Lett. 46, 852 (1981).