Klaus Junge

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Klaus Junge
Klaus Junge.jpg
Klaus Junge, 1942
Full name Klaus Junge
Country Germany
Born (1924-01-01)January 1, 1924
Concepción, Chile
Died April 17, 1945(1945-04-17) (aged 21)
Welle, Germany

Klaus Junge (1 January 1924 at Concepción, Chile – 17 April 1945, at Welle, Germany) was one of the youngest German chess masters.

Biography[edit]

Junge was born into a German Chilean family. His father Otto was a strong chess player who won the Chilean Chess Championship in 1922. In 1928 the parents, together with their five sons, returned to Germany.

On 11–20 August 1939, he, along with Wolfgang Unzicker (14 years old), Edith Keller (17), Rudolf Kunath (15) and Karl Krbavic (17), played in Fürstenwalde (Jugendschachwoche) near Berlin.[1] In 1941, at the age of 17, Klaus Junge was considered one of the strongest players in Germany. In 1941, he won the championship of Hamburg. In May 1941, he won at Bad Elster (qualifying German championship). In August 1941, he tied for first with Paul Felix Schmidt at Bad Oeynhausen (the eighth German Championship), although he lost a playoff match against Schmidt for the title at Bromberg (+0 –3 =1). In October 1941, he took fourth place, behind Alexander Alekhine, Schmidt, and Efim Bogoljubow, at Kraków/Warsaw (the second General Government chess tournament championship).[2]

In January 1942, Junge won the Dresden tournament. In 1942, he took second place, behind Walter Niephaus, at Leipzig. In April 1942, he was second, behind Carl Carls, at Rostock. In June 1942, he tied for third–fourth with Schmidt, behind Alekhine and Paul Keres, at the Salzburg 1942 chess tournament. In September, he took seventh place at the Munich (the first European Championship), won by Alekhine. In October 1942, he took second place, behind Alekhine, at Warsaw/Lublin/Kraków (the third General Government championship). In December 1942, he tied for first with Alekhine at Prague (Duras Jubileé, 60-jährigen Jubiläum).[3] In 1942–43, he played three correspondence tournaments, beating among others Rudolf Teschner, and Emil Joseph Diemer.

Klaus Junge, whose father had been a member of the Nazi Party since 1932,[4] was an adherent of the National Socialist ideology. As a lieutenant, refusing to surrender, he died in combat against Allied troops on April 17, 1945 in the battle of Welle on the Lüneburg Heath, close to Hamburg, three weeks before World War II ended.[5]

In 1946, Regensburg hosted the first Klaus Junge Memorial. The event was won by Fedor Bohatirchuk, ahead of Elmārs Zemgalis, Wolfgang Unzicker, etc.[6]

According to Dr. Robert Hübner, Klaus Junge was the greatest German chess talent in the 20th century.

Notable games[edit]

World Champion Alekhine (age 49) vs. Klaus Junge (age 18), Salzburg 1942
a b c d e f g h
8
Chessboard480.svg
f8 black rook
g8 black king
f7 black pawn
g7 black pawn
h7 black pawn
f6 black bishop
b5 white pawn
c5 white knight
e5 black queen
b4 white pawn
e4 white knight
e3 white queen
f3 white pawn
g2 white pawn
h2 white pawn
a1 black rook
c1 white rook
g1 white king
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
a b c d e f g h
Position after 33 moves
a b c d e f g h
8
Chessboard480.svg
h7 black pawn
b6 black rook
f6 black pawn
h6 white pawn
g5 black pawn
h5 white knight
g4 white pawn
f3 black king
h3 white king
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
a b c d e f g h
Final position after 69 moves, White resigned

References[edit]

Notes

Bibliography

  • Helmut Riedl: Das Leben und Schaffen von Klaus Junge. Unterhaching 1995. ISBN 3-9804896-0-4