Clausthal-Zellerfeld

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Clausthal-Zellerfeld
Church
Church
Coat of arms of Clausthal-Zellerfeld
Coat of arms
Clausthal-Zellerfeld   is located in Germany
Clausthal-Zellerfeld
Clausthal-Zellerfeld
Coordinates: 51°48′18″N 10°20′08″E / 51.80500°N 10.33556°E / 51.80500; 10.33556Coordinates: 51°48′18″N 10°20′08″E / 51.80500°N 10.33556°E / 51.80500; 10.33556
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Goslar
Municipal assoc. Oberharz
Subdivisions 3 districts
Government
 • Mayor Wolfgang Mönkemeyer (CDU)
Area
 • Total 33.96 km2 (13.11 sq mi)
Elevation 560 m (1,840 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 12,798
 • Density 380/km2 (980/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 38678
Dialling codes 05323
Vehicle registration GS, BRL, CLZ
Website www.samtgemeinde-
oberharz.de

Clausthal-Zellerfeld is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located in the southwestern part of the Harz mountains. Its population is approximately 15,000, Clausthal-Zellerfeld is also the seat of the Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") Oberharz.

Geography[edit]

City districts[edit]

History[edit]

Actually, Clausthal-Zellerfeld consists of two towns: Clausthal and Zellerfeld were merged in 1924 to form an administrative unit. Clausthal is well known for the old Clausthal University of Technology and its magnificent buildings, while Zellerfeld is a typical tourist resort for hikers and winter sportsmen. Clausthal-Zellerfeld is the largest town in the area that is situated in the mountains rather than on the edge.

Mining in the area began in the 16th century. Modern wire rope was invented to service the iron mines in the 1830s by the German mining engineer Wilhelm Albert in the years between 1831 and 1834 for use in mining in the Harz Mountains in Clausthal. It was quickly accepted because it proved superior to ropes made of hemp or to metal chains, such as had been used before and soon found its way into diverse applications, including most notably, suspension bridges. The Innerste Valley Railway was inaugurated in 1877 and extended to Altenau in 1914. The impressive station building and 70 buildings in the town were destroyed in an air raid on 7 October 1944.[2] 92 people lost their lives.

Mining activity halted in 1930 because the ore deposits were exhausted and no longer financially valuable. Today, there are large remains of mines in the surrounding Harz region, some of which are now tourable museums. The railway line was closed in 1976. The former railway station, which was rebuilt from 1961-1963 after being destroyed in 1944, houses the tourist information and the municipal library today.

The Clausthal University of Technology was established in 1763 for the education of mining engineers. Today, it is a technical university for teaching engineering.

Demographics[edit]

Population statistics
Year Inhabitants
1821 12,757
1848 14,739
1871 14,080
1885 13,917
1905 13,758
1925 12,973
Year Inhabitants
1933 11,855
1939 11,788
1946 15,786
1950 17,643
1956 15,585
Year Inhabitants
1961 15,849
1968 16,468
1970 15,714
1975 16,690
1980 16,270
Year Inhabitants
1985 16,250
1990 17,061
1995 16,703
2000 15,413
2005 15,075
Former railway station

Politics[edit]

Town council[edit]

2006 local elections:

  • SPD: 19 seats
  • CDU: 9 seats
  • FDP: 3 seats
  • UWG: 2 seats (independent electors community)

Culture and sights[edit]

Dietzel House dating from 1674, which now also houses the tourist information office
  • Oberharzer Wasserwirschaft (Upper Harz Water Management)

Museums[edit]

Buildings[edit]

  • Plants of Upper Harz Water Regale
  • Market Church in Clausthal, the largest wooden church in Germany with 2,200 seats, built 1639-42. Tower dating from 1637.
  • Old pharmacy Bergapotheke in Zellerfeld, built in 1674, with wood carvings
  • Protestant Salvator Church in Zellerfeld, built 1674-83
  • Clausthal mint (1617–1849)
  • Oberbergamt building in Clausthal, built 1726-30
  • Dietzel House in Zellerfeld, dating from 1674
  • Former railway station, destroyed 1944 and rebuilt 1961-63
  • House where Robert Koch was born

Persons[edit]

People from Clausthal-Zellerfeld[edit]

House where Robert Koch was born

Notable people associated with Clausthal-Zellerfeld[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Clausthal-Zellerfeld is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, Fortgeschriebene Einwohnerzahlen zum 31. Dezember 2012
  2. ^ Evert Heusinkveld. Die Innerstetalbahn Langelsheim - Altenau, p. 11. Nordhorn 2007
  3. ^ "L'Aigle découverte - Nos villes jumelles". Ville de L'Aigle. Retrieved 2013-07-20. 

External links[edit]