Klementyna Hoffmanowa

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Klementyna Hoffmanowa
Klementyna z Tańskich Hoffmanowa.PNG
Born Klementyna Tańska
(1798-11-23)November 23, 1798
Warsaw
Died September 21, 1845(1845-09-21) (aged 46)
Passy near Paris
Occupation novelist
Language Polish
Nationality Polish
Period 19th century
Notable works Dziennik Franciszki Krasińskiej w ostatnich latach panowania Augusta III pisany
Writer's grave at the Père Lachaise Cemetery

Klementyna Hoffmanowa born Tańska (23 November 1798 – 21 September 1845) was a Polish popular literary writer, translator, editor, and one of Poland's first writers of children's literature. She co-organized and chaired the Patriotic Charity Association. She was the first woman in Poland to support herself from writing and teaching, and considered herself primarily a writer.[1]

Biography[edit]

She was a daughter of Ignacy Tański, a Polish writer. For some time she lived with her mother in Warsaw, in the Blue Palace. In 1819 she published her first book, Pamiątka po dobrej matce, czyli ostatnie jej rady dla córki (Remembering a good mother, or her final advice to her daughter), a monologue in which an older woman imparts final words of wisdom and advice to a daughter. Her best known book, Dziennik Franciszki Krasińskiej w ostatnich latach panowania Augusta III pisany (The Diary of Countess Francoise Krasinska, written in the final years of the reign of King August III), has been translated into several languages including English.[1]

In 1829 she married Karol Boromeusz Hoffman, writer, lawyer and historian, and changed her name to Hoffmanowa, a marital form of her husband's surname. After Poland's November Uprising against Russia was crushed in the second half of 1831, Hoffmanowa moved with her husband to Dresden, and later to Paris. She was called "the Mother of the Great Emigration”.

Hoffmanowa died in 1845, and was buried at the Père Lachaise Cemetery. In 1919 a Warsaw high school was named after her. Today, this is Warsaw's oldest high school.[2]

Selected works[edit]

A list includes original Polish titles.

  • 1819: Pamiątka po dobrej Matce przez dobrą Polkę
  • 1823: Wiązanie Helenki
  • 1824: Listy Elżbiety Rzeczyckiej do przyjaciółki Urszuli za panowania Augusta III pisane
  • 1825: Druga książeczka Helenki
  • 1830: Powieści z Pisma świętego (stories from the Old Testament)
  • 1832: Rozrywki dla Dzieci
  • 1833: Wybór pism, volumes I–X
  • 1833: Biografie znakomitych Polaków i Polek
  • 1839: Karolina
  • 1841: Krystyna
  • 1845: Jan Kochanowski w Czarnolesie
  • 1845: Dziennik Franciszki Krasińskiej w ostatnich latach panowania Augusta III pisany
  • 1849: Pisma pośmiertne
  • 1849: O powinnościach kobiet
  • 1851: Pismo święte wybrane z ksiąg Starego i Nowego Zakonu objaśnione uwagami pobożnych uczonych i ofiarowane matkom i dzieciom przez Autorkę Pamiątki po dobrej matce (stories from the Bible)

Posthumous publications:

  • 1857–1859: Pisma, volumes I-XI
  • 1876: Dzieła, volumes I-XII (edited by N. Żmichowska)
  • 1898: Wybór Dzieł, volumes I-IV (edited by P. Chmielowski)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Klementyna Tanska Hoffman". Onesuch Press. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  2. ^ "School History" (in Polish). Hoffmanowa High School. Retrieved 3 April 2013.