Klepp

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For other uses, see Klepp (disambiguation).
Klepp kommune
Municipality
Orrestranda2.JPG
Coat of arms of Klepp kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Klepp kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Klepp within Rogaland
Klepp within Rogaland
Coordinates: 58°46′38″N 5°35′48″E / 58.77722°N 5.59667°E / 58.77722; 5.59667Coordinates: 58°46′38″N 5°35′48″E / 58.77722°N 5.59667°E / 58.77722; 5.59667
Country Norway
County Rogaland
District Jæren
Administrative centre Kleppe
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Ane Mari Braut Nese (H)
Area
 • Total 114 km2 (44 sq mi)
 • Land 102 km2 (39 sq mi)
Area rank 377 in Norway
Population (2004)
 • Total 14,313
 • Rank 68 in Norway
 • Density 140/km2 (400/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 15.6 %
Demonym Kleppsbu[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1120
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.klepp.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway
Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 4,973 —    
1961 5,980 +20.2%
1971 8,878 +48.5%
1981 10,758 +21.2%
1991 11,871 +10.3%
2001 13,884 +17.0%
2011 17,397 +25.3%
2021? 23,374 +34.4%
2031? 28,832 +23.4%
Source: Statistics Norway.[2]

Klepp is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. The parish of Klep was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt).

Klepp, belonging to the traditional district of Jæren, is a flat and open agricultural landscape. The highest point, Tinghaug, is at 102 metres (335 ft) above sea level. There are long stretches of sand beaches along the North Sea coastline in the west.

The administrative centre is called Kleppe (or Kleppekrossen), and is located in the centre of the municipality. The population around Kleppe is growing rapidly, mostly in the form of suburban single-family homes, but also in the form of some apartment blocks. There is a shopping mall, Jærhagen, in Kleppe.

General information[edit]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Klepp farm (Old Norse: Kleppr), since the first church was built there. The inscription on the Klepp I Runestone indicates that the name has been in use since the late 10th or early 11th century. The name is identical with the word kleppr which means "rocky hill". Before 1912, the name was written "Klep".

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms were granted on 18 February 1972. The arms features a cross, symbolic of the large stone cross which is standing on a grave hill in Krosshaug (from the Old Norse word haugr meaning mound or barrow) in Klepp. The cross was considered a representative historic symbol for the municipality.[3]

History[edit]

The earliest traces of population in the municipality have been dated to around 6000 BC. At that time, the land was covered by large oak woods. The large stone cross standing on the grave hill Krosshaug dates from around 1000 AD and is possibly the oldest in Norway. It is adjacent to Tinghaug, the site for a local Thing for many centuries during the Iron Age. Tinghaug probably acted as a site for the local court and assembly for many centuries.

Geography[edit]

The municipality is located 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of Stavanger. Neighbouring municipalities are to the south, Time to the south and east, Sola and Sandnes to the north. The coastline is agricultural and consists of, from south to north, the areas Orre, Reve[disambiguation needed], Bore and Sele[disambiguation needed].

Transportation[edit]

The Sørlandet Line, historically the Jæren Line, runs through Klepp along lake Frøylandsvatnet. The village of Klepp stasjon, 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) east of Kleppe, is built around the train station.

Economy[edit]

Klepp is the second largest agricultural municipality in Rogaland, with a total of around 600 farms. Kverneland Group, located in Øksnevad, is the largest manufacturer of agricultural equipment in the world.

Sports[edit]

The local sports club Klepp IL most notably has a women's football team in the Norwegian top league. Famous players include Dagny Mellgren and the national team captain Ane Stangeland Horpestad. Gymnast Åge Storhaug also represented the club.

Politics[edit]

Mayor since 2011 is Ane Mari Braut Nese of the Conservative Party. She succeeded Elfin Lea of the same party, who served from 1999 to 2011.

Members of Parliament from Klepp are Thore Larsen Braut and Karl K. Kleppe before the Second World War, and after the war Lars Storhaug, Oddbjørg Ausdal Starrfelt and Knut Haus have been MPs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Projected population – Statistics Norway
  3. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 9 October 2008. 

External links[edit]