Klevan

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Klevan
Клевань
Urban-type settlement
Klevan.JPG
Flag of Klevan
Flag
Coat of arms of Klevan
Coat of arms
Klevan is located in Ukraine
Klevan
Klevan
Location of Klevan in Ukraine
Coordinates: 50°44′47″N 26°1′18″E / 50.74639°N 26.02167°E / 50.74639; 26.02167Coordinates: 50°44′47″N 26°1′18″E / 50.74639°N 26.02167°E / 50.74639; 26.02167
Country  Ukraine
Province Rivne Oblast
District Rivne Raion
Founded 1458
Town status 1940
Government
 • Town Head Oleh Kostevych
Elevation[1] 218 m (715 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 7,470
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 35312
Area code +380 3622
Website http://rada.gov.ua/

Klevan (Ukrainian: Клевань; Polish: Klewań) is an urban-type settlement in the Rivne Raion (district) of Rivne Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. Its population was 7,470 at the 2001 Ukrainian census.[2] Klevan is accessed via the T1817 and H22 roads, and is located 28.3 km northwest of Rivne and 50.4 kilometres southeast of Lutsk along the H22.[3] Klevan lies on the Stubla River.

History[edit]

Annunciation Church

A settlement on the current territory of Klevan was first founded in the beginning of the 12th century on the banks of the Stubla River, a tributary of the Horyn. At the time, the settlement was named Kolyvan or Kolivan (Ukrainian: Коливань).[4][5] The first written mention of Klevan appeared in 1458,[6] as a possession of the Czartoryski family.[4] In 1654, the settlement was granted Magdeburg rights and in 1940, the town acquired the status of an urban-type settlement.

As in all cities and towns of the Volhynia, Klevan had a considerable Jewish community, and a Polish guidebook from 1929 described it as a "the Jewish town with a population of 1,300 people". The town was occupied by the Soviets and then the Germans during World War II and in 1941 the local synagogue was burned by the Fascists and the local Jews were exterminated.[7] The Poles continued to live in Klevan until they were evicted by the Soviets during Operation Wisla.[8] Klevan also became the centre of the deployment of national-liberation struggle of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army. In 1979 it had a population of 8,400 people.[6]

Notable landmarks[edit]

Tunnel of Love near Klevan

Klevan contains the ruins of Klevan Castle, whose construction began in 1475 and was eventually completed in 1561.[5] The town also houses the Church of the Annunciation with a bell tower dating back to 1630, as well as the Church of the Nativity, which was built in 1777. There is also Klevan Railway station, which connects the town with the oblast's administrative center Rivne and Kivertsi, as well as a woodworking plant and food-processing facilities.[6]

An amusement railway (and walkway for lovers) called Tunnel of Love is also located near Klevan.[9][10]

People from Klevan[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Kvasyliv, Orzhiv, the other two urban-type settlements in Rivne Raion of Rivne Oblast

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Klevan (Rivne Oblast, Rivne Raion)". weather.in.ua. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  2. ^ "Klevan, Rivne Oblast, Rivne Raion". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 5 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Maps (Map). Google Maps. 
  4. ^ a b "Klevan". Attractions of Ukraine (in Russian). photohunt.org.ua. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Sergey, Kononov. Sights & Hotels in Ukraine. Kononov Sergey. p. 95. GGKEY:0C6GN58BU4J. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  6. ^ a b c Danylo Husar Struk (1993). Encyclopedia of Ukraine. University of Toronto Press. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  7. ^ Bowling Green State University; Popular Culture Association; American Culture Association (1984). Journal of cultural geography. Bowling Green State University in cooperation with the Popular Culture Association and the American Culture Association. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  8. ^ Glantz, David M. (March 2005). Colossus reborn: the Red Army at war : 1941-1943. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-1353-3. Retrieved 6 February 2012. 
  9. ^ Murano, Grace."10 Most Fascinating Tunnels" Oddee, 25 June 2012. Retrieved: 23 August 2012.
  10. ^ "Tunnel of love" Tourism On The Edge, 8 August 2012. Retrieved: 23 August 2012.

External links[edit]