Klickitat County, Washington

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Klickitat County, Washington
Goldendale WA - county courthouse.jpg
Klickitat County Courthouse
Map of Washington highlighting Klickitat County
Location in the state of Washington
Map of the United States highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
Founded December 20, 1859
Named for Klickitat Tribe
Seat Goldendale
Largest city Goldendale
Area
 • Total 1,904 sq mi (4,931 km2)
 • Land 1,871 sq mi (4,846 km2)
 • Water 33 sq mi (85 km2), 1.7%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 20,866
 • Density 10/sq mi (4/km²)
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website www.klickitatcounty.org

Klickitat County is a county located in the State of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,318.[1] The county seat and largest city is Goldendale.[2]

It is named after the Klickitat tribe of the Yakama Native Americans.

History[edit]

A replica of Stonehenge built by Samuel Hill as a monument to local men killed in World War I called Maryhill Stonehenge.

Klickitat County was created out of Walla Walla County on December 20, 1859.[3] Samuel Hill was an early promoter of the area, promoting better roads and building local landmarks such as a war memorial replica of Stonehenge (Maryhill Stonehenge) and a mansion that would become the Maryhill Museum of Art. The Sam Hill Memorial Bridge across the Columbia River is named after him.

Geography[edit]

Klickitat Log & Lumber train switching, 1964

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,904 square miles (4,930 km2), of which 1,871 square miles (4,850 km2) is land and 33 square miles (85 km2) (1.7%) is water.[4]

Geographic features[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 230
1870 329 43.0%
1880 4,055 1,132.5%
1890 5,167 27.4%
1900 6,407 24.0%
1910 10,180 58.9%
1920 9,268 −9.0%
1930 9,825 6.0%
1940 11,357 15.6%
1950 12,049 6.1%
1960 13,455 11.7%
1970 12,138 −9.8%
1980 15,822 30.4%
1990 16,616 5.0%
2000 19,161 15.3%
2010 20,318 6.0%
Est. 2013 20,866 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 19,161 people, 7,473 households, and 5,305 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 8,633 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.56% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 3.47% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 5.02% from other races, and 2.75% from two or more races. 7.81% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race. 17.7% were of German, 14.0% United States or American, 11.1% English and 9.6% Irish ancestry. 90.3% spoke English and 7.8% Spanish as their first language.

There were 7,473 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.99.

The age distribution was 27.10% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,267, and the median income for a family was $40,414. Males had a median income of $36,067 versus $21,922 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,502. About 12.60% of families and 17.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.50% of those under age 18 and 15.10% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics[edit]

Klickitat is located in Washington's 4th congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+13 and has been represented by Republican Doc Hastings since 1995. In state government the county is part of the fifteenth district so is represented by representative Bruce Chandler (R) in the Washington House of Representatives and Jim Honeyford (R) in the Washington State Senate.[10]

In Presidential elections Klickitat is something of a "swing county." In 1988 Michael Dukakis narrowly won the county with 49.15% of the vote.[11] Richard Nixon (1960, 1972), Ronald Reagan,[12] Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush[13] all won the county twice. In 2008 Democrat Barack Obama won Klickitat County over Republican John McCain by only 21 votes or percentage wise 48.85% to 48.64%.[14]

Communities[edit]

The Klickitat Valley

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  9. ^ Washington State Legislature site
  10. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas (1988 election statistics)
  11. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas (Washington election maps)
  12. ^ The New York Times Electoral Map (Zoom in on Washington)
  13. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°52′N 120°47′W / 45.87°N 120.79°W / 45.87; -120.79