Ključ, Una-Sana Canton
Location of Ključ within Bosnia and Herzegovina.
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Municipality president||Nedzad Zukanovic|
|• Total||358 km2 (138 sq mi)|
|Population (2013 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Ključ (pronounced [kʎûːtʃ]) is a town and municipality by the same name in western Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, specifically the Una-Sana Canton. The name of the town and the municipality translates to "Key" in Bosnian.
Human settlements have existed in the area long before the Roman Era. The town itself is first mentioned in 1322 in the documents of ban Stjepan II Kotromanić. It was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1463 as the last Royal Bosnian fortress.
During the civil war the whole municipality was at first (1992–1994) under the control of the Serbian army. In September 1995 the 5.Corpus of the Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina reconquered the area after fighting against the Serbian army and militias led by Arkan.
After the Dayton agreement, the pre-war municipality was divided between the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republic of Srpska. About 30% of the pre-war municipality belongs nowadays to the Federation and 70% to Ribnik, the other part of the municipality in the Republic of Srpska.
In 2009 about 97% of the inhabitants were Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims).
In 1991, the municipality of Ključ contained 61 places:
As a result of the war, the villages of Busije, Crkveno, Čađavica, Donja Previja, Donja Slatina, Donji Ribnik, Donji Vrbljani, Dragoraj, Gornja Previja, Gornja Slatina, Gornje Sokolovo, Gornji Ribnik, Gornji Vrbljani, Rastoka, Sitnica, Sredice, Stražice, Treskavac, Velijašnica, Velije et Zableće, as well as parts of Donje Ratkovo, Donje Sokolovo, Dubočani, Gornje Ratkovo, Jarice, Ljubine et Velečevo became a part of Ribnik municipality,Republika Srpska.
Today the municipality of Ključ has 40 localities :
The area is connected to other parts of Bosnia by the M-5 highway. Forestry, light industry and tourism are major components of the economy.
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