Klosterneuburg

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Klosterneuburg
Klosterneuburg040531w.jpg
Coat of arms of Klosterneuburg
Coat of arms
Klosterneuburg is located in Austria
Klosterneuburg
Klosterneuburg
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°18′15″N 16°19′00″E / 48.30417°N 16.31667°E / 48.30417; 16.31667Coordinates: 48°18′15″N 16°19′00″E / 48.30417°N 16.31667°E / 48.30417; 16.31667
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Wien-Umgebung
Government
 • Mayor Stefan Schmuckenschlager (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total 76.2 km2 (29.4 sq mi)
Elevation 192 m (630 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 25,918
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal codes 340x
Area code 02243
Vehicle registration WU
Website www.klosterneuburg.at

Klosterneuburg is a small town in Lower Austria, Austria, with a population of 25,918.

It is located on the Danube, immediately north of Vienna, from which it is separated by the Kahlenberg and Leopoldsberg hills. It has been separated from its twin city of Korneuburg on the other side of the Danube since the river changed its course during the Middle Ages.

Klosterneuburg was founded by Margrave Leopold III and developed in conjunction with its famous monastery. Leopold III and later Leopold VI (the latter only during part of his reign) had their residences there. From 1938 to 1954, it constituted the 26th district of Vienna. Today, it is the site of light industry and, whilst not belonging to Vienna, has almost the feel of a suburb. The well-known Essl Museum of contemporary art and the new research institute IST Austria are located in the town.

Due to its hilly location, Klosterneuburg has several geographical areas known as Klosterneuburg-Stadt, Kierling, Weidling, Weidlingbach, Kritzendorf and Maria Gugging. It also has two main shopping areas, the Niedermarkt and the Rathausplatz, separated by a steep hill.

The Klosterneuburg Monastery, the existence of which was first documented in 1108 and soon after was given to the Augustinians, is of particular historical importance.

History[edit]

View of Klosterneuburg.

A fort of the Danubian limes stood at the site of Klosterneuburg in the Roman era (1st to 5th centuries). A Carolingian settlement recorded as Omundesdorf' may correspond to the site of the town. The town grew in importance after 1113, when Leopold III, Margrave of Austria established his residence here, founding Klosterneuburg Monastery in 1114. In the 13th century, the two parts of the town, Klosterneuburg und Korneuburg grew apart. In 1298, Albert I of Germany granted separate town privileges to Klosterneuburg.

As an important pioneer station Klosterneuburg has various military buildings and stores, and among the schools there is the Federal Institute for Viticulture and Pomology, where the Zweigelt and Blauburger wine grapes were bred by Dr Fritz Zweigelt.

The German-Czech author Franz Kafka died at a sanatorium at Kierling, Klosterneuburg on 3 June 1924.

1993 Xaver Hasun, internationally famed Field Hockey Player, was born and attended Primary School in Klosterneuburg. Hasun now is one of Austria's top Field Hockey players and currently plays for Harvestehuder Tennis und Hockey Club in Hamburg.

In 2006 the Institute of Science and Technology Austria was established. The institute for outstanding basic research is going to be put into action within the next years.

Main sights[edit]

On a hill rising directly from the banks of the Danube stand the buildings (erected in 1730–1834) of the Augustine canonry, founded in 1114 by the Margrave (Saint) Leopold III of Babenberg, the patron saint of Austria. This order is one of the oldest and richest of its kind in Austria; it owns much of the land upon which the north-western suburbs of Vienna stand. Among the points of interest within it are the old chapel of 1318, with Leopold's tomb and the Verdun Altar, dating from the 12th century, the treasury and relic-chamber, the library with 30,000 volumes and numerous manuscripts, the picture gallery, the collection of coins, the theological hall, and the winecellar, containing an immense tun like that at Heidelberg. There are some excellent vintners in Klosterneuburg, but today the city is tightly linked to Vienna and houses some of the most affluent citizens of Lower Austria.

Coinage[edit]

Klosterneuburg was recently selected as a main motif for a high value collectors' coin: the Klosterneuburg commemorative coin. The obverse shows a view of the abbey from the slopes of the Leopoldsberg in the Alps. The Romanesque-Gothic basilica as well as the copper dome with the imperial crown can be seen.

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Klosterneuburg". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]