Kloten

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Kloten
Kloten -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Kloten
Canton Zürich
District Bülach
47°27′N 8°35′E / 47.450°N 8.583°E / 47.450; 8.583Coordinates: 47°27′N 8°35′E / 47.450°N 8.583°E / 47.450; 8.583
Population 18,354 (Dec 2013)[1]
- Density 952 /km2 (2,466 /sq mi)
Area 19.27 km2 (7.44 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 446 m (1,463 ft)
Postal code 8302
SFOS number 0062
Executive Stadtrat
with 7 members
Mayor Stadtpräsident
René Huber
(as of March 2014)
Parliament Gemeindeparlament
with 32 members
Surrounded by Bassersdorf, Dietlikon, Lufingen, Nürensdorf, Oberembrach, Opfikon, Rümlang, Wallisellen, Winkel
Twin towns Cape Canaveral (USA)
Website www.kloten.ch
SFSO statistics
Kloten is located in Switzerland
Kloten
Kloten

Kloten is a municipality in the district of Bülach in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland, and belongs to the Glatt Valley (German: Glatttal).

History[edit]

Kloten is first mentioned in 1155 as Chlotun.[3]

Geography[edit]

Kloten is located in the Glatt Valley, some 10 km (6.2 mi) north of the city of Zürich. It is the nearest village to Zurich Airport, and the airport terminal and much of the airfield are within the municipal boundaries.[4]

Kloten has an area of 19.3 km2 (7.5 sq mi). Of this area, 34.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 26.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 38.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[5]

Demographics[edit]

Kloten has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 18,354.[1] As of 2007, 26.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 6.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (78.8%), with Italian being second most common ( 4.2%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 3.1%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 46.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (16.3%), the CSP (9.5%) and the FDP (8.7%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 19.2% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 68.3% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 12.5%. In Kloten about 70.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Kloten has an unemployment rate of 3.12%. As of 2005, there were 91 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 28 businesses involved in this sector; 4,545 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 109 businesses in this sector; 23,154 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 888 businesses in this sector.[5] The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1467 c. 370
1634 842
1710 1,328
1850 1,524
1900 1,363
1950 3,429
1970 16,388
2000 17,190

Services[edit]

There is one library providing books, DVDs, newspapers, etc.

Transportation[edit]

The passenger terminal of Zurich Airport lie in the west of the municipality of Kloten, and much of the rest of the airport is also within the municipal boundaries. A large amount of ground transportation infrastructure, both road and rail, serves the airport and, to a lesser extent, the rest of Kloten.[4]

Kloten is linked with Zürich via the A51 motorway and with Bülach via the same motorway. It also lies on roads taking to many places, such as Winterthur to the east.

There are three railway stations within the municipality. Zurich Airport station is situated in the basement of the airport terminal, and is served by long-distance trains to cities throughout Switzerland, as well as by Zürich S-Bahn lines S2 and S16. Kloten station and Balsberg station are served by S-Bahn line S7. The west of the municipality is also served by Zürich tram routes 10 and 12, operating over the Stadtbahn Glattal light rail system. The trams serve stops at Zurich Airport, and at Balsberg station.[4][6][7]

Economy[edit]

Swiss International Air Lines has an office on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten, consisting of the Alpha, Bravo, and Charlie buildings.[8][9] Swiss World Cargo has its head office in the Alpha and Bravo buildings.[10][11] Swiss Private Aviation has its head office in the Swiss complex.[12] The corporate offices for Swissôtel are located in the Prioria Business Center on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten.[13][14]

When Swissair existed, its head office was on the property of Zurich Airport and in Kloten.[15]

Sport[edit]

Kloten is the home of the Kloten Flyers, who play in the Swiss National League A.

Education[edit]

The Schule Kloten is located in the city.[16]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Zürich/Kloten (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
5.2
(41.4)
10.3
(50.5)
14.6
(58.3)
19.3
(66.7)
22.5
(72.5)
25.0
(77)
24.2
(75.6)
19.8
(67.6)
14.4
(57.9)
7.6
(45.7)
4.1
(39.4)
14.2
(57.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
1.1
(34)
5.2
(41.4)
8.9
(48)
13.5
(56.3)
16.7
(62.1)
18.9
(66)
18.2
(64.8)
14.2
(57.6)
9.8
(49.6)
4.2
(39.6)
1.4
(34.5)
9.4
(48.9)
Average low °C (°F) −3.1
(26.4)
−3.1
(26.4)
0.1
(32.2)
3.0
(37.4)
7.4
(45.3)
10.6
(51.1)
12.8
(55)
12.4
(54.3)
8.9
(48)
5.5
(41.9)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.6
(29.1)
4.5
(40.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 65
(2.56)
60
(2.36)
74
(2.91)
74
(2.91)
109
(4.29)
110
(4.33)
115
(4.53)
108
(4.25)
90
(3.54)
87
(3.43)
76
(2.99)
81
(3.19)
1,048
(41.26)
Snowfall cm (inches) 14.4
(5.67)
14.6
(5.75)
7.5
(2.95)
0.5
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.12)
5.4
(2.13)
13.5
(5.31)
56.2
(22.13)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.9 8.6 10.7 10.4 11.7 11.7 11.3 11.0 9.5 9.8 10.1 10.5 125.2
Avg. snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 4.2 3.8 2.1 0.4 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.2 3.5 15.2
 % humidity 86.0 81.5 75.5 72.8 72.4 72.9 72.2 75.2 78.9 84.9 85.4 86.1 78.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 48 77 125 159 186 204 230 208 151 93 50 35 1,566
Source: MeteoSwiss [17]

External links[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Canton of Zurich Statistical Office (German) accessed 11 March 2014
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b "Kloten". Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (in German). 21 August 2007. Retrieved 21 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c Swiss Confederation. map.geo.admin.ch (Map). http://map.geo.admin.ch/?selectedNode=node_ch.swisstopo.swissboundaries3d-gemeinde-flaeche.fill1&Y=686429.5&X=255809.5&zoom=5&bgLayer=ch.swisstopo.pixelkarte-farbe&layers=ch.swisstopo.swissboundaries3d-gemeinde-flaeche.fill&layers_opacity=1&layers_visibility=true&time_current=latest&lang=en. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
  5. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 29-July-2009
  6. ^ "S-Bahn trains, buses and boats". ZVV. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "Regional Network (50)". ZVV. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Kloten." Ortspläne Schweiz. Retrieved on 2 October 2009.
  9. ^ "Swiss International Air Lines Zurich." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 24 September 2009.
  10. ^ "The head office of Swiss WorldCargo is located within the corporate headquarters of SWISS International Air Lines, in Zurich-Kloten, in close proximity to Zurich International Airport." and "How to find us by public transport: - From Zurich Airport take the 737 bus to “Obstgartenstrasse” (final stop of the bus line). - The bus stops right in front of the SWISS headquarters main entrance." and "MAILING adDress Swiss WorldCargo Swiss International Air Lines Ltd. PO Box ZRHLX/CSM 8058 Zurich Airport Switzerland" Swiss World Cargo. Retrieved on 17 September 2011.
  11. ^ "Map." Swiss World Cargo. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. "SWISS INTERNATIONAL AIR LINES AG 3TOPS GEBÄUDE ALPHA + BRAVO OBSTGARTENSTRASSE 25, 8302 KLOTEN ÜBERSICHTSPLAN"
  12. ^ "Contact." Swiss Private Aviation. Retrieved on 12 January 2010. "Swiss PrivateAviation AG Obstgartenstr. 25 8058 Zurich-Airport Switzerland"
  13. ^ "FULL TERMS AND CONDITIONS." (Archive) Swissôtel. Retrieved on 20 October 2012. "Swissôtel Hotels & Resorts, Balz-Zimmermannstr. 7, 8058 Zurich-Airport, CH. Registered number CH-020.3.925.568-2 "
  14. ^ "Priora Business Center." (Archive) Priora. Retrieved on 20 October 2012. "Priora Business Center Balsberg Balz-Zimmermann-Strasse 7 CH-8302 Kloten"
  15. ^ "Headquarters of Swissair Zuerich-Kloten." KSG,Architects G.Müller + G.Berger. Retrieved on 27 September 2011. The building is located here
  16. ^ "Schule Kloten Online." Schule Kloten. Retrieved on 29 September 2009.
  17. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Retrieved 23 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 426 meters above sea level.