Knaresborough railway station

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Knaresborough National Rail
Knaresborough
Knaresborough looking towards the tunnel
Location
Place Knaresborough
Local authority Harrogate
Coordinates 54°00′32″N 1°28′13″W / 54.0090°N 1.4703°W / 54.0090; -1.4703Coordinates: 54°00′32″N 1°28′13″W / 54.0090°N 1.4703°W / 54.0090; -1.4703
Grid reference SE348571
Operations
Station code KNA
Managed by Northern Rail
Number of platforms 2
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05   0.240 million
2005/06 Increase 0.249 million
2006/07 Steady 0.249 million
2007/08 Decrease 0.245 million
2008/09 Increase 0.258 million
2009/10 Increase 0.278 million
2010/11 Increase 0.303 million
2011/12 Increase 0.326 million
2012/13 Increase 0.331 million
History
Original company East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway
Pre-grouping North Eastern Railway
Post-grouping London and North Eastern Railway
30 October 1848 Temporary station opened at Hay Park Lane, Knaresborough
21 July 1851 Permanent Knaresborough station opened
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Knaresborough from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal
View SW with distinctive signal box

Knaresborough railway station is a station serving the town of Knaresborough in North Yorkshire, England. It is located on the Harrogate Line 16.75 miles (27 km) west of York and is operated by Northern Rail who provide all passenger train services.

History[edit]

The East and West Yorkshire Junction Railway (E&WJR) was opened from York (Poppleton Junction) to a temporary terminus known as Hay Park Lane, Knaresborough on 30 October 1848. The E&WYJR was absorbed by the York and North Midland Railway on 1 July 1851. Three weeks later, with the completion of the stone viaduct crossing the River Nidd at Knaresborough on 21 July 1851, the temporary station was closed and a new Knaresborough station opened on the current site just beyond the stone viaduct.[1][2]

In 1865 the North Eastern Railway replaced the 1851 station with a design by Thomas Prosser.[3] The station was rebuilt c.1890.[4] The 1851 Water tower is still extant.[5]

Related features[edit]

Beyond the platforms eastbound was a tunnel which separated the station from the goods yard (now a bus depot) and the line's major junction. The Knaresborough to Boroughbridge branch (1875–1950 for passengers, 1964 for goods[6]) diverged from the main line to York opposite the goods yard. This line continued north-east until it met the East Coast Main Line between York and Northallerton at Pilmoor.[7] The tunnel is still extant with both north and south portals are now listed structures.[8][9]

A plaque unveiled by the late Malcolm Hayton in 1998 celebrating the extension of the railway from York to Knaresborough 150 years previously.

The station signal box (built 1890) is somewhat unusual in that it was built onto the end of an adjoining row of terraced houses on Kirkgate.[10][4] - it supervises the single line section eastwards to Cattal, an adjacent level crossing and a crossover that is used to reverse those trains from Leeds that terminate here.

Services[edit]

During Monday to Saturday off-peak, there is a half-hourly service from Knaresborough to Leeds (westbound) and an hourly service to York (eastbound).

During evenings and on Sundays, there is an hourly service in each direction.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Awdry, Christopher (1990). Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies. London: Guild Publishing. p. 125. CN 8983. 
  2. ^ Butt, R.V.J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations. Yeovil: Patrick Stephens Ltd. pp. 116, 136. ISBN 1-85260-508-1. R508. 
  3. ^ Fawcett, Bill (2001), A History of North Eastern railway Architecture, 1: The Pioneers, North Eastern Railway Association, p. 138, ISBN 1873513348 
  4. ^ a b English Heritage. "SIGNAL BOX AT KNARESBOROUGH STATION (1248970)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 November 2013 .
  5. ^ English Heritage. "WATER TOWER AT KNARESBOROUGH STATION (1387760)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 November 2013 .
  6. ^ Dench, L.A. (1973), Passengers No More (Second ed.), Ian Allan Publishing, ISBN 0-7110-0438-2 
  7. ^ Wignall, C.J. (1983), Complete British Railways Maps and Gazetteer from 1830-1981 (First ed.), Oxford Publishing Company, Poole, p. 38, ISBN 0-86093-162-5 
  8. ^ English Heritage. "SOUTH PORTAL OF RAILWAY TUNNEL (1315608)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 November 2013 .
  9. ^ English Heritage. "NORTH PORTAL TO RAILWAY TUNNEL (1149912)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 16 November 2013 .
  10. ^ "Knaresborough Signal Box". www.signalbox.org. Retrieved 5 September 2008. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Starbeck   Northern Rail
Harrogate Line
  Cattal