Knights of Buckinghamshire

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For the history of the parliamentary constituency and the knights of the shire after 1660, see Buckinghamshire (UK Parliament constituency).

This article contains a list of the known knights of the shire who represented Buckinghamshire in the Parliament of England and similar bodies of lesser status 1290-1660. It also includes details of Parliaments from 1265 to which elected knights of the shires were summoned.

Preliminary notes[edit]

The parliamentary electoral constituency, representing the historic county of Buckinghamshire, was created in (1265): see De Montfort's Parliament for further details and History of Buckinghamshire for maps of the historic county. This county constituency was represented by two knights of the shire until 1832 and three 1832-1885.

Knights of the shire are known to have been summoned to most parliaments from 1290 (19th Parliament of King Edward I of England) and to every one from 1320 (19th Parliament of King Edward II of England).

Although at some periods several Parliaments were held in a year, at others there were considerable gaps between Parliaments. Knights of the shire were also summoned to meetings which have not been classified as Parliaments by modern expert opinion. The names of the members in some Parliaments are not known.

The English civil year started on 25 March until 1752 (Scotland having changed to 1 January in 1600). The years used for parliaments in this article have been converted to the new style where necessary. It should be noted that old style dates would be a year earlier than the new style for days between 1 January and 24 March, for example the Parliament of 18 March 1313 – 9 May 1313 (new style) would be 18 March 1312 – 9 May 1313 (old style). No attempt has been made to compensate for the eleven days which did not occur in September 1752 in both England and Scotland as well as other British controlled territories (when the day after 2 September was 14 September), so as to bring the British Empire fully in line with the Gregorian calendar.

The names of knights of the shire, taken from the list in The History and Antiquities of Buckinghamshire by George Lipscomb (unless a volume from the History of Parliament Trust on the House of Commons at a particular period is available), are given in alphabetical order for each group of representatives.

There are some minor variations in names from the source used, which unless the contrary is known, are assumed to relate to the same person. It is possible that some entries relate to different persons of the same name. Where such cases have been identified the persons have been distinguished by a Roman number after the name (in order of first election); except where the number used to distinguish different candidates of the same name during the same period, by the authors of the books on the House of Commons mention in the references section, are used.

As the dates of Parliaments came from a twentieth century source and the names of persons elected came from Lipscomb (published between 1831 and 1847) it was sometimes impossible to be certain, from those sources, who served in a Parliament and who attended other meetings accorded lesser status. There is also some uncertainty as to whether Lipscomb did or did not use new style years and if so whether the method used in his list is consistent. An attempt has been made to give the best fit possible and to indicate the year (and if necessary the number within the year) from Lipscomb's list. The places of some Parliaments were indicated in footnotes to Lipscomb's list and are given here as they may assist with further research to confirm the link between specific knights of the shire and a particular Parliament.

Knights of the shire 1265-1660[edit]

The lists below commence with De Montfort's Parliament in 1265, when for the first time elected representatives from counties (or shires), cities and boroughs were summoned to Parliament.

It is known that the Sheriffs of the English Counties were ordered to send knights of the shire to attend a number of Parliaments before 1265, but they were not required to have them chosen by election. No such summonses are known to have required the attendance of some citizens of cities or burgesses of other boroughs. Records of this sort of summons survive for the Oxford Parliament which was the 7th Parliament of King Henry III (assembled 27 October 1258 and presumed dissolved when writs de expensis were issued on 4 November 1258) and the 16th Parliament of the King (summoned 4 June 1264 and assembled 22 June 1264, although the date of dissolution is unknown).

The lists before 1320 exclude Parliaments to which elected commoners (representing the Commons or communities of England) were not known to have been summoned. All Parliaments are believed to have been held at Westminster, unless otherwise indicated.

Parliament of King Henry III[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
17th 14 December 1264 1264/65 20 January 1265 15 February 1265 unknown unknown

Parliaments of King Edward I[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st (a) 16 February 1275 1275 25 April 1275 ... unknown unknown
2nd (b) 1 September 1275 1275 13 October 1275 24 October 1275 unknown unknown
19th (c) 13 June 1290 1290 15 July 1290 ... John de Pateshulle William de Turville
20th ... 1290 27 October 1290 ... unknown unknown
21st ... 1290/91 7 January 1291 ... unknown unknown
22nd ... 1291/92 8 January 1292 ... unknown unknown
25th ...  ?1293 > 29 March 1293 ... unknown unknown
26th ... 1293 13 October 1293 ... unknown unknown
27th ... 1293 > 25 December 1293 ... unknown unknown
29th (d) 30 September 1295+ 1295 27 November 1295 4 December 1295 Laurence de Bluntesdene Roger de Tiringham
30th 26 August 1296 1296 3 November 1296 29 November 1296 unknown unknown
33rd (e) 6 October 1297 1297 15 September 1297 14 October 1297 Robert Barry Amery de Nowers
34th (f) 15 March 1298 March 1298 30 March 1298 ... Laurence de Bluntesdene John de Chetewood
35th (g) 10 April 1298 1298 25 May 1298 ... unknown unknown
39th (h) 29 December 1299 1299/00 6 March 1300 20 March 1300 Hugh de Chastillon Robert Pogeys
1300 Gerard de Braybroke I
40th (i) 26 September 1300 1300/01 20 January 1301 30 January 1301 Gerard de Braybroke I Hugh de Chastillon
42nd (j) 14 July 1302 1302 14 October 1302 21 October 1302 John de Chetewood William de Santresdon
43rd (k) 12 November 1304 1304/05 28 February 1305 20 March 1305 Roger de Tyringham John Neyrunt
45th (l) 5 April 1306 1306 30 May 1306 30 May 1306 William Beauchamp John Giffard
46th (m) 3 November 1306 1306/07 20 January 1307 19 March 1307 Miles de Beauchamp Ralph de Wedon

Notes:-

  • (a) 1st: For the first time since 1264-65 the representatives of the communities of the Realm are known to have been summoned to Parliament.
  • (b) 2nd: The knights of the shires only were summoned to this Parliament. No summonses were sent to the cities and boroughs, for them to send representatives.
  • (c) 19th: Knights only summoned 13–14 June 1290. Assembled 23 April 1290 Lords and 15 July 1290 Commons. This is the 308th Parliament, counting backwards from the Parliament elected in 2005. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1290). After this Parliament it became fairly usual for the representatives of the counties, cities and boroughs to be summoned to attend Parliament and from 1320 they were always included.
  • (d) 29th: Model Parliament summoned 30 September, 1 and 3 October 1295. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1295)
  • (e) 33rd: Summoned 30 September 1297 (peers) and 6 October 1297 (knights of the shire). Assembled 9 October 1297 Lords and 15 October 1297 Commons. Met in London. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1297)
  • (f) 34th: Met in York. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1298)
  • (g) 35th: Summoned 10, 11 and 13 April 1298.
  • (h) 39th: (39th): Resignation of Pogeys, (1300) Gerard de Braybroke [I] elected. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1300:1)
  • (i) 40th: Met in Lincoln. Dissolved 27–30 January 1301 (when writs de expensis were issued). (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1300:2)
  • (j) 42nd: Summoned 14, 20 and 24 July 1303. Met in London. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1302)
  • (k) 43rd: (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1305)
  • (l) 45th: Assembled and dissolved 30 May 1306. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1306)
  • (m) 46th: Met in Carlisle. Dissolved when writs de expensis were issued 20 January 1307 (burgesses only) and 19 March 1307 (knights only). (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1307)

Parliaments of King Edward II[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 26 August 1307 1307 13 October 1307 16 October 1307 unknown unknown
2nd 19 January 1308 1308 3 March 1308 ... unknown unknown
5th (a) 4 March 1309 1309 27 April 1309 13 May 1309 Gerard de Braybroke II John Giffard
8th (b) 16 June 1311 1311 8 August 1311 18 December 1311 Ralph de Wedon Robert Malet
9th (c) 3 June 1312 1312 20 August 1312 16 December 1312 Ralph de Bellofago Robert Malet
10th (d) 8 January 1313 1313 18 March 1313 9 May 1313 Ralph de Wedon Robert Malet
11th (f) 23 May 1313 1313 8 July 1313 27 July 1313 Robert de Tothale Robert Malet
12th (g) 26 July 1313 1313 23 September 1313 15 November 1313 John de Adingrave Masculin de Chastillon
13th (h) 29 July 1314 1314 9 September 1314 27/28 September 1314 Miles de Beauchamp Robert Malet
14th (i) 24 October 1314 1314/15 20 January 1315 9 March 1315 unknown unknown
15th (j) 16 October 1315 1315/16 27 January 1316 20 February 1316 Nicholas de Turville John Giffard de Boef
16th 24–25 August 1318 1318 20 October 1318 9 December 1318 unknown unknown
17th (l) 20 March 1319 1319 6 May 1319 25 May 1319 John de la Haye John de la Penne
19th 5 August 1320 1320 6 October 1320 25/26 October 1320 unknown unknown
20th 15 May 1321 1321 15 July 1321 22 August 1321 unknown unknown
21st (m) 14 March 1322 1322 2 May 1322 19 May 1322 Ralph de Wedon Robert Malet
22nd (n) 18 September 1322 1322 14 November 1322 29 November 1322 Alan de Leaumes Robert Malet
23rd (o) 20 November 1323 1323/24 23 February 1324 18 March 1324 Philip de Aylesbury Robert Malet
24th (p) 6 May 1325 1325 25 June 1325 ... Thomas de Sakevill James Freysel
25th 10 October 1325 1325 18 November 1325 5 December 1325 unknown unknown
26th (q) 28 October 1326 1326/27 7 January 1327 20 January 1327 Andrew de St. Liz Robert Malet

Note:-

  • (a) 5th: (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1309)
  • (b) 8th: Met at London. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1311)
  • (c) 9th: (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1312:1)
  • (d) 10th: (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1312:2)
  • (e) Robert Barry, ? (Lipscomb-knight of the shire 1313:1) not associated with a Parliament as far as is known
  • (f) 11th: (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1313:2)
  • (g) 12th: (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1313:3)
  • (h) 13th: (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1314)
  • (i) 14th: John Blaket, Robert Malet (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1315:1) or John Giffard, Nicholas de Turville (at York) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1315:2) uncertain which pair were elected to this Parliament and which to a meeting of lesser status
  • (j) 15th: Met at Lincoln. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1316)
  • (k) Nicholas de Turville (3), John de Olney (1) (Council at Lincoln) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1317) not associated with a body classified as a Parliament
  • (l) 17th: (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1319)
  • (m) 21st: (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1322)
  • (n) 22nd: Met at York. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1323)
  • (o) 23rd: (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1324)
  • (p) 24th: Met at London. (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1325)
  • (q) 26th: continued into the next reign (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1326)

Parliaments of King Edward III[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st ... ... ... 9 March 1327 unknown unknown
2nd 7 August 1327 1327 15 September 1327 23 September 1327 unknown unknown
3rd 10 December 1327 1327/28 7 February 1328 5 March 1328 unknown unknown
4th 5 March 1328 1328 24 April 1328 14 May 1328 unknown unknown
5th 28 August 1328 1328 16 October 1328 22 February 1329 unknown unknown
6th 25 January 1330 1330 11 March 1330 21 March 1330 unknown unknown
7th 23 October 1330 1330 26 November 1330 9 December 1330 unknown unknown
8th 16 July 1331 1331 30 September 1331 9 October 1331 unknown unknown
9th 27 January 1332 1332 16 March 1332 21 March 1332 unknown unknown
10th 20 July 1332 1332 9 September 1332 12 September 1332 unknown unknown
11th 20 October 1332 1332 4 December 1332 27 January 1333 unknown unknown
12th 2 January 1334 1334 21 February 1334 2 March 1334 unknown unknown
13th 24 July 1334 1334 19 September 1334 23 September 1334 unknown unknown
14th 1 April 1335 1335 26 May 1335 3 June 1335 unknown unknown
15th 22 January 1336 1336 11 March 1336 20 March 1336 unknown unknown
16th 29 November 1336 1336/37 3 March 1337 c.16 March 1337 unknown unknown
17th 20 December 1337 1337/38 3 February 1338 14 February 1338 unknown unknown
18th 15 November 1338 1338/39 3 February 1339 17 February 1339 unknown unknown
19th 25 August 1339 1339 13 October 1339 c.3 November 1339 unknown unknown
20th 16 November 1339 1339/40 20 January 1340 19 February 1340 unknown unknown
21st 21 February 1340 1340 29 March 1340 10 May 1340 unknown unknown
22nd 30 May 1340 1340 12 July 1340 26 July 1340 unknown unknown
23rd 3 March 1341 1341 23 April 1341 27–28 May 1341 unknown unknown
24th 24 February 1343 1343 28 April 1343 20 May 1343 unknown unknown
25th 20 April 1344 1344 7 June 1344 28 June 1344 unknown unknown
26th 30 July 1346 1346 11 September 1346 20 September 1346 unknown unknown
27th 13 November 1347 1348/48 14 January 1348 12 February 1348 unknown unknown
28th 14 February 1348 1348 31 March 1348 13 April 1348 unknown unknown
29th 25 November 1350 1350/51 9 February 1351 1 March 1351 unknown unknown
30th 15 November 1351 1351/52 13 January 1352 11 February 1352 unknown unknown
31st 15 March 1354 1354 28 April 1354 20 May 1354 unknown unknown
32nd 20 September 1355 1355 23 November 1355 30 November 1355 unknown Roger de Puttenham
33rd 15 February 1357 1357 17 April 1357 8–16 May 1357 unknown unknown
34th 15 December 1357 1357/58 5 February 1358 27 February 1358 unknown '
35th 3 April 1360 1360 15 May 1360 ... unknown unknown
36th 20 November 1360 1360/61 24 January 1361 18 February 1361 unknown unknown
37th 14 August 1362 1362 13 October 1362 17 November 1362 unknown unknown
38th 1 June 1363 1363 6 October 1363 30 October 1363 unknown Roger de Puttenham
39th 4 December 1364 1364/65 20 January 1365 17 February 1365 unknown unknown
40th 20 January 1366 1366 4 May 1366 11 May 1366 unknown Roger de Puttenham
41st 24 February 1368 1368 1 May 1368 21 May 1368 unknown Roger de Puttenham
42nd 6 April 1369 1369 3 June 1369 11 June 1369 unknown Roger de Puttenham
43rd 8 January 1371 1371 24 February 1371 29 March 1371 unknown unknown
44th 1 September 1372 1372 3 November 1372 24 November 1372 unknown unknown
45th 4 October 1373 1373 21 November 1373 10 December 1373 unknown unknown
46th 28 December 1375 1375/76 28 April 1376 10 July 1376 unknown unknown
47th 1 December 1376 1376/77 27 January 1377 2 March 1377 Sir John Aylesbury unknown
  • continued from last reign-9 March 1327 (1st): Andrew de St. Liz (1b), Robert Malet (10b) (Westminster) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1326)
  • 15 September 1327 – 23 September 1327 (2nd): John de la Penne (2), Andrew de St. Liz (2) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1327:1)
  • 7 February 1328 – 5 March 1328 (3rd): John Blaket (1), Masculin de Chastillon (2) (Lincoln) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1327:2)
  • 24 April 1328 – 14 May 1328 (4th): John Blaket (2), Roger de Tourney (1) (York) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1328)
  • 16 October 1328 – 22 February 1329 (5th): John de Mareschal (1), James Freysel (2) (New Sarum) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1329:1) or John de la Haye (2), Andrew de St. Liz (3) (Parliament at York) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1329:2) or Masculin de Chastillon (3), Andrew de St. Liz (4) (Northampton) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1329:3) uncertain which pair were elected to this Parliament and which to a meeting of lesser status
  • 11 March 1330 – 21 March 1330 (6th): John Blaket (3), Roger de Tyringham (3) (York) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1329:4)
  • 26 November 1330 – 9 December 1330 (7th): John de Mareschal (2), James Freysel (3) (New Sarum) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1330)
  • 30 September 1331 – 9 October 1331 (8th): Masculin de Chastillon (4), James Freysel (4) (Westminster) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1331:1)
  • 16 March 1332 – 21 March 1332 (9th): John Fitz-Ralph de Mareschal (1), Ralph de Wedon (5) (Winchester) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1331:2)
  • 9 September 1332 – 12 September 1332 (10th): Richard de Chastillon (1), John de Cifrewast (1) (Westminster) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1332)
  • 4 December 1332 – 27 January 1333 (11th): John de Adingrave (2), Masculin de Chastillon (5) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1333:1)
  • 21 February 1334 – 2 March 1334 (12th): Masculin de Chastillon (6), John de Stretle (1) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1333:2)
  • 19 September 1334 – 23 September 1334 (13th): Thomas Blaket (1), Robert Malet (11) (York) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1334)
  • 26 May 1335 – 3 June 1335 (14th): Thomas Blaket (2), John de Stretle (2) (Westminster) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1335:1)
  • 11 March 1336 – 20 March 1336 (15th): Thomas Blaket (3), Robert Malet (12) (York) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1335:2)
  • 3 March 1337–c. 16 March 1337 (16th): Gerard de Braybroke II (2), John de Hamstede (1) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1336)
  • 3 February 1338 – 14 February 1338 (17th): William de Berkhamstede (1), Thomas de la Haye (1) (Council at Northampton) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1337)
  • 3 February 1339 – 17 February 1339 (18th): Philip de Aylesbury (2), Walter Poule (1) (Parliament at Westminster) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1338)
  • 13 October 1339–c. 3 November 1339 (19th): John Bryan (1), Richard le Warde (1) (Council at Northampton) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1339:1)
  • 20 January 1340 – 19 February 1340 (20th): John Blaket (4), John de Chetyngton (1)(Parliament at Westminster) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1339:2)
  • 29 March 1340 – 10 May 1340 (21st): Philip de Aylesbury (3), Thomas Reynes (1) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1340:1)
  • 12 July 1340 – 26 July 1340 (22nd): Philip de Aylesbury (4), Richard Passelewe (1) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1340:2)
  • 23 April 1341–27/28 May 1341 (23rd): Philip de Aylesbury (5), Roger de Tyringham (4) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1341:1) or Alan de Leaumes (2), Robert Malet (12) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1341:2) or Gerard de Braybroke II (3), Richard de la Vache (1) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1341:3) or Philip de Aylesbury (5), John Giffard (5) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1341:4) uncertain which pair of knights of the shire were elected to this Parliament and which to meetings of lesser status
  • 28 April 1343 – 20 May 1343 (24th): John de Chastillon (1), Richard de Chastillon (2) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1342)
  • 7 June 1344 – 28 June 1344 (25th): Philip de Aylesbury (6), Robert Malet (13) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1344:1) or John de Chastillon (2), Thomas de Reynes (2) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1344:2) or Gerard de Braybroke (x), ? (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1345)uncertain which pair were elected to this Parliament and which to a meeting of lesser status
  • 11 September 1346 – 20 September 1346 (26th): ?
  • 14 January 1348 – 12 February 1348 (27th): Thomas de Reynes (3), Alexander de Sanderton (1) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1347)
  • 31 March 1348 – 13 April 1348 (28th): Henry de Chalfhunte (1), John le Veinour (1) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1348)
  • Henry Fermband (1), Henry de Chalfhunte (2) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1349:1) and Henry de Chalfhunte (3), John le Veinour (2) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1349:2) not associated with a body classified as a Parliament
  • 9 February 1351 – 1 March 1351 (29th): ?
  • 13 January 1352 – 11 February 1352 (30th): Gerard de Braybroke III (1), Hugh de Kymbell (1) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1352)
  • Gerard de Braybroke III (2), John de Hampden (1) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1353:1) and Geffrey de Lacy (1), ? (Council at Westminster) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1353:2) not associated with a body classified as a Parliament
  • 28 April 1354 – 20 May 1354 (31st): Geffrey de Lucy (2), ? (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1354)
  • 23 November 1355 – 30 November 1355 (32nd): Geffrey de Lucy (3), Roger de Puttenham (1) (Parliament at Westminster) (Lipscomb-knights of the shire 1355)
  • 17 April 1357-8/16 May 1357 (33rd): John de Chastillon (3), Geffrey de Lucy (3)
  • 5 February 1358 – 27 February 1358 (34th): John de Hagmondesham (1), Roger de Puttenham (2)
  • 15 May 1360 (35th): ?
  • 24 January 1361 – 18 February 1361 (36th): Geffrey de Lucy (4), J. Hunt (1)
  • 13 October 1362 – 17 November 1362 (37th): Robert Barry (1), Nicholas Trimenel {1)
  • 6 October 1363 – 30 October 1363 (38th): Thomas de Arderne (1), Roger de Puttenham (3)
  • 20 January 1365 – 17 February 1365 (39th): John de Hampden (1), ?
  • 4 May 1366 – 11 May 1366 (40th): Thomas de Missynden (1), Roger de Puttenham (4)
  • 1 May 1368 – 21 May 1368 (41st): John de Arderne (1), Roger de Puttenham (5)
  • 3 June 1369 – 11 June 1369 (42nd): John de Arderne (2), Roger de Puttenham (6)
  • 24 February 1371 – 29 March 1371 (43rd): Fulk de Bermyngeham (1), Thomas de Reynes (4)
  • 3 November 1372 – 24 November 1372 (44th): Fulk de Bermyngeham (2), ?
  • 21 November 1373 – 10 December 1373 (45th): John de Arderne (3), Geffrey de Lucy (5)
  • 28 April 1376 – 10 July 1376 (46th): ? (The Good Parliament).
  • 27 January 1377 – 2 March 1377 (47th): ? (The Bad Parliament).

Parliaments of King Richard II[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 4 August 1377 1377 13 October 1377 5 December 1377 Sir Edmund atte Pole Sir John de Aylesbury
2nd 3 September 1378 1378 20 October 1378 16 November 1378 Sir John de Aylesbury Sir Thomas Sakevill
3rd 16 February 1379 1379 24 April 1379 27 May 1379 Sir William de Molins Sir Thomas Sakevill
4th 20 October 1379 1379/80 16 January 1380 3 March 1380 Sir John de Aylesbury Sir Thomas Sakevill
5th 26 August 1380 1380 5 November 1380 6 December 1380 Sir John de Bermyngeham Robert de Luton
6th 16 July 1381 1381 3 November 1381 25 February 1382 Sir John de Aylesbury Sir Thomas Sakevill
7th 24 March 1382 1382 7 May 1382 22 May 1382 Sir John de Aylesbury John de Cheyne
8th 9 August 1382 1382 6 October 1382 24 October 1382 unknown (a) unknown (a)
9th 7 January 1383 1383 23 February 1383 10 March 1383 John Broughton Sir Thomas Sakevill
10th 20 August 1383 1383 26 October 1383 26 November 1383 Sir Edmund atte Pole Sir Thomas Sakevill
11th 3 March 1384 1384 29 April 1384 27 May 1384 unknown unknown
12th 28 September 1384 1384 12 November 1384 14 December 1384 unknown unknown
13th 3 September 1385 1385 20 October 1385 6 December 1385 unknown unknown
14th 8 August 1386 1386 1 October 1386 28 November 1386 Sir John Chetwode Sir Thomas Sackville
15th 17 December 1387 1387/88 3 February 1388 4 June 1388 Sir Robert Luton Sir Philip de la Vache
16th 28 July 1388 1388 9 September 1388 17 October 1388 Roger Dayrell Sir Thomas Sackville
17th 6 December 1389 1389/90 17 January 1390 2 March 1390 Sir John Aylesbury Sir Robert Luton
18th 12 September 1390 1390 12 November 1390 3 December 1390 Roger Dayrell Edward Durdent
19th 7 September 1391 1391 3 November 1391 2 December 1391 Sir Thomas Aylesbury John Broughton
20th 23 November 1392 1392/93 20 January 1393 10 February 1393 Sir Edward Missenden Alan Ayot
21st 13 November 1393 1393/94 27 January 1394 6 March 1394 Roger Dayrell Sir Thomas Sackville
22nd 20 November 1394 1394/95 27 January 1395 15 February 1395 Sir John Chetwode Edward Durdent
23rd 30 November 1396 1396/97 22 January 1397 12 February 1397 John Barton Thomas Shelley
24th 18 July 1397 1397 17 September 1397 31 January 1398 Sir Thomas Aylesbury Thomas Shelley
25th 19 August 1399 1389 30 September 1399 30 September 1399 Roger Dayrell Edmund Hampden

Note:-

  • (a) 8th: John de Braybroke or Sir Thomas Sakevill, John Marche or John Tyringham uncertain which pair were elected to this Parliament and which to a meeting of lesser status.

Parliaments of King Henry IV[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 30 September 1399 1399 6 October 1399 19 November 1399 unknown unknown
2nd 9 September 1400 1400/01 20 January 1401 10 March 1401 John Barton Thomas Durant
3rd 19 June 1402 1402 30 September 1402 25 November 1402 Sir Richard Arches Edmund Hampden
4th 20 October 1403 1403/04 14 January 1404 20 March 1404 John Barton Edmund Brudenell
5th 25 August 1404 1404 6 October 1404 13 November 1404 Roger Cheyne Robert James
6th 21 December 1405 1405/06 1 March 1406 22 December 1406 Edmund Brudenell John Giffard
7th 26 August 1407 1407 20 October 1407 2 December 1407 John Barton Richard Wyot
8th 26 October 1409 1409/10 27 January 1410 9 May 1410 unknown unknown
9th 21 September 1411 1411 3 November 1411 19 December 1411 unknown unknown
10th 1 December 1412 1412/13 3 February 1413 20 March 1413 unknown unknown

Parliaments of King Henry V[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 22 March 1413 1413 14 May 1413 9 June 1413 John Cheyne John Giffard
2nd 1 December 1413 1413/14 30 April 1414 29 May 1414 John Barton II Richard Wyot
3rd 26 September 1414 1414 19 November 1414 ... John Barton Richard Wyot
4th 12 August 1415 1415 4 November 1415 12 November 1415 John Cheyne Richard Wyot
5th 21 January 1416 1416 16 March 1416 May 1416 unknown unknown
6th 3 September 1416 1416 19 October 1416 18 November 1416 unknown unknown
7th 5 October 1417 1417 16 November 1417 17 December 1417 John Barton II John Giffard
8th 24 August 1419 1419 16 October 1419 13 November 1419 John Barton II Richard Wyot
9th 21 October 1420 1420 2 December 1420 ... John Hampden William Whaplode
10th 26 February 1421 1421 2 May 1421 ... Robert James George Longville
11th 20 October 1421 1421 1 December 1421 ... Sir John Cheyne II Richard Wyot

Parliaments of King Henry VI[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 29 September 1422 1422 9 November 1422 18 December 1422 John Barton jnr Robert James
2nd 1 September 1423 1423 20 October 1423 28 February 1424 John Giffard unknown
3rd 24 February 1425 1425 30 April 1425 14 July 1425 John Cheyne Sir John Cheyne II
4th 7 January 1426 1426 18 February 1426 1 June 1426 Sir John Cheyne II unknown
5th 15 July 1427 1427 13 October 1427 25 March 1428 John Cheyne unknown
6th 12 July 1429 1429 22 September 1429 23 February 1430 unknown unknown
7th 27 November 1430 1430/31 12 January 1431 20 March 1431 unknown unknown
8th 25 February 1432 1432 12 May 1432 17 July 1432 Sir John Cheyne II unknown
9th 24 May 1433 1433 8 July 1433 >c.18 December 1433 William Whaplode unknown
10th 5 July 1435 1435 10 October 1435 23 December 1435 Sir John Cheyne II unknown
11th 29 October 1436 1436/37 21 January 1437 27 March 1437 John Hampden unknown
12th 26 September 1439 1439 12 November 1439 c.15–24 February 1440 unknown unknown
13th 3 December 1441 1441/42 25 January 1442 27 March 1442 unknown unknown
14th 13 January 1445 1445 25 February 1445 9 April 1445 Sir John Cheyne II unknown
15th 14 December 1446 1446/47 10 February 1447 3 March 1447 Thomas Tresham unknown
16th 2 January 1449 1449 12 February 1449 16 July 1449 unknown unknown
17th 23 September 1449 1449 6 November 1449 c.5–8 June 1450 unknown unknown
18th 5 September 1450 1450 6 November 1450 c.24–31 May 1451 unknown unknown
19th 20 January 1453 1453 6 March 1453 c.16–21 April 1454 unknown unknown
20th 26 May 1455 1455 9 July 1455 12 March 1456 unknown unknown
21st 9 October 1459 1459 20 November 1459 20 December 1459 unknown unknown
22nd 30 July 1460 1460 7 October 1460 c.4 March 1461 unknown unknown
23rd 15 October 1470 1470 26 November 1470 c. 11 April 1471 unknown unknown

Parliaments of King Edward IV[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 23 May 1461 1461 4 November 1461 6 May 1462 unknown unknown
2nd 22 December 1462 1462/63 29 April 1463 28 March 1465 unknown unknown
3rd 28 February 1467 1467 3 June 1467 7 June 1468 unknown unknown
4th 19 August 1472 1472 6 October 1472 14 March 1475 unknown unknown
5th 20 November 1477 1477/78 16 January 1478 26 February 1478 unknown unknown
6th 15 November 1482 1482/83 20 January 1483 18 February 1483 unknown unknown

Parliament of King Richard III[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 9 December 1483 1483/84 23 January 1484 20 February 1484 unknown unknown

Parliaments of King Henry VII[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 15 September 1485 1485 7 November 1485 c. 4 March 1486 unknown unknown
2nd ... 1487 9 November 1487 c. 18 December 1487 unknown unknown
3rd ...  ?1488/89 13 January 1489 27 February 1490 unknown unknown
4th 12 August 1491 1491 17 October 1491 5 March 1492 unknown unknown
5th 15 September 1495 1495 14 October 1495 21–22 December 1495 unknown unknown
6th 20 November 1496 1496/97 16 January 1497 13 March 1497 unknown unknown
7th ...  ?1503/04 25 January 1504 c. 1 April 1504 unknown unknown

Parliaments of King Henry VIII[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 17 October 1509 1509/10 21 January 1510 23 February 1510 unknown unknown
2nd 28 November 1511 1511/12 4 February 1512 4 March 1514 unknown unknown
3rd 23 November 1514 1514/15 5 February 1515 22 December 1515 unknown unknown
4th ... 1523 15 April 1523 13 August 1523 unknown unknown
5th 9 August 1529 1529 3 November 1529 14 April 1536 Sir Andrew Windsor (a) Sir John Russell
after 1532 Sir Francis Bryan
6th 27 April 1536 1536 8 June 1536 18 July 1536 unknown unknown
7th 1 March 1539 1539 28 April 1539 24 July 1540 Sir John Dauntesey Sir Francis Bryan
8th 23 November 1541 1541/42 16 January 1542 28 March 1544 Sir Francis Bryan Sir Anthony Lee
9th 1 December 1544 1544/45 23 November 1545 31 January 1547 Sir Francis Bryan Francis Russell

Note:-

Parliaments of King Edward VI[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 2 August 1547 1547 4 November 1547 15 April 1552 Sir Francis Russell Sir Anthony Lee (a)
8 January 1550 Sir Thomas Windsor
2nd 5 January 1553 1553 1 March 1553 31 March 1553 Edmund Verney William Dormer

Note:-

  • (a) Lee died in office.

Parliaments of Queen Mary I[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 14 August 1553 1553 5 October 1553 5 December 1553 Sir Edmund Peckham Sir Robert Drury [II]
2nd 17 February 1554 1554 2 April 1554 3 May 1554 Sir Robert Peckham Sir George Gifford [II]
3rd 3 October 1554 1554 12 November 1554 16 January 1555 Sir Edmund Peckham Thomas Denton
4th 3 September 1555 1555 21 October 1555 9 December 1555 Edmund Verney Francis Verney
5th 6 December 1557 1557/58 20 January 1558 17 November 1558 Sir William Dormer Sir Henry Lee

Parliaments of Queen Elizabeth I[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 5 December 1558 28 December 1558 23 January 1559 8 May 1559 Sir Henry Lee Paul Darrell
2nd 10 November 1562 1562/63 11 January 1563 2 January 1567 Thomas Fleetwood William Hawtrey
3rd ... 1571 2 April 1571 29 May 1571 Sir Henry Lee Sir William Dormer
4th 28 March 1572 1572 8 May 1572 19 April 1583 Sir Henry Lee John Croke [II]
5th 12 October 1584 1584 23 November 1584 14 September 1585 Miles Sandys Griffith Hampden
6th 15 September 1586 1586 15 October 1586 23 March 1587 Francis Goodwin John Borlase
7th 18 September 1588 1588/89 4 February 1589 29 March 1589 John Fortescue [I] Thomas Tasburgh
8th 4 January 1593 1593 18 February 1593 10 April 1593 Sir John Fortescue [I] Sir Robert Dormer
9th 23 August 1597 1597 24 October 1597 9 February 1598 Sir John Fortescue [I] Francis Goodwin
10th 11 September 1601 7 October 1601 27 October 1601 19 December 1601 Francis Fortescue Alexander Hampden

Parliaments of King James I[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 31 January 1604 1604 19 March 1604 9 February 1611 William Fleetwood Francis Goodwin (a)
160x Christopher Pigott (b)
160x Anthony Tyringham
2nd ...  ?1614 5 April 1614 7 June 1614 Sir Francis Goodwin Sir William Borlase
3rd 13 November 1620 1620/21 16 January 1621 8 February 1622 Sir Francis Goodwin Sir William Fleetwood
4th 20 December 1623 1623/24 12 February 1624 27 March 1625 Sir Francis Goodwin Sir Thomas Denton

Notes:-

  • (a) Goodwin was declared not duly elected.
  • (b) Pigott was expelled from the House of Commons.

Parliaments of King Charles I[edit]

No. Summoned Elected Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member
1st 2 April 1625 1625 17 May 1625 12 August 1625 Sir Francis Goodwin Henry Bulstrode
2nd 20 December 1625 1626 6 February 1626 15 June 1626 Sir Francis Goodwin Sir Thomas Denton
3rd 31 January 1628 1628 17 March 1628 10 March 1629 Sir Edward Coke Sir William Fleetwood
No parliament held
4th 20 February 1640 1640 13 April 1640 5 May 1640 John Hampden Arthur Goodwin
5th 24 September 1640 1640 3 November 1640 16 March 1660 John Hampden Arthur Goodwin
 ?1643 George Fleetwood Edmund West

Parliaments of the Commonwealth[edit]

The Long Parliament or the selection of members from it known as the Rump Parliament functioned de facto during part of the Commonwealth of England period. It existed (in a sense) de jure 1640-1660, as under a pre-English Civil War law, the Long Parliament could not be lawfully dissolved without its own consent which it did not give until 1660. As it was a Parliament originally summoned by King Charles I, the overall dates of the Long Parliament are given in the previous section.

The Barebones Parliament was an appointed body, so the county was not as such represented in it. That body was summoned on 20 June 1653, first met on 4 July 1653 and was dissolved on 12 December 1653.

Parliaments of the Protectorate[edit]

During the Protectorate the county was allocated five representatives in the First and the Second Protectorate Parliaments (summoned 1 June 1654 and 10 July 1656 respectively), before reverting to two for the Third Protectorate Parliament (summoned 9 December 1658).

The boroughs of Aylesbury, Buckingham Town and Wycombe retained one seat each in the first two Parliaments, but the traditional pattern of constituencies and of seats was reintroduced for the third.

No. Assembled Dissolved 1st member 2nd member 3rd member 4th member 5th member
1st 3 September 1654 22 January 1655 Bulstrode Whitelocke Richard Ingoldsby George Fleetwood Sir Richard Pigot Richard Greenville
2nd 17 September 1656 4 February 1658 Bulstrode Whitelocke Richard Ingoldsby Richard Hampden Sir Richard Pigot Richard Greenville
3rd 27 January 1659 22 April 1659 Richard Greenville William Bowyer

Index[edit]

  • John de Adingrave 1313:3 1333:1
  • Philip de Aylesbury 1324 1338 1340:1 1340:2 1341:1 1341:4 1344:1
  • Robert Barry 1297 1313:1
  • Miles de Beauchamp 1307 1314
  • William Beauchamp 1306
  • Ralph de Bellofago 1312:1
  • William de Berkhamstede 1337
  • John Blaket 1315:1 1327:2 1328 1329:4 1339:2
  • Thomas Blaket 1334 1335:1 1335:2
  • Laurence de Bluntesdene 1295 1298
  • Gerard de Braybroke I 1300:1 1300:2
  • Gerard de Braybroke II 1309 1336 1341:3
  • Gerard de Braybroke ? 1345
  • Gerard de Braybroke III 1352 1353:1
  • John Bryan 1339:1
  • Henry de Chalfhunte 1348 1349:1 1349:2
  • Hugh de Chastillon 1300:1 1300:2
  • John de Chastillon 1342 1344:2
  • Masculin de Chastillon 1313:3 1327:2 1329:3 1331:1 1333:1 1333:2
  • Richard de Chastillon 1332 1342
  • John de Chetewood 1298 1302
  • John de Chetyngton 1339:2
  • John de Cifrewast 1332
  • Henry Fermband 1349:1
  • James Freysel 1325 1329:1 1330 1331:1
  • John Giffard 1306 1309 1315:2 (de Boef) 1316 1341:4
  • John de Hampden 1353:1
  • John de Hamstede 1336
  • John de la Haye 1319 1329:2
  • Thomas de la Haye 1337
  • Hugh de Kymbell 1352
  • Geffrey de Lacy 1353:2 1354 1355
  • Alan de Leaumes 1323 1341:2
  • Robert Malet 1311 1312:1 1312:2 1313:2 1314 1315:1 1322 1323 1324 1326 1334 1335:2 1341:2 1344:1
  • John de Mareschal (1) 1329:1 1330
  • John Fitz-Ralph de Mareschal 1331:2
  • John Neyrunt 1305
  • Amery de Nowers 1297
  • John de Olney 1317
  • Richard Passelewe 1340:2
  • John de Pateshulle 1290
  • John de la Penne 1319 1327:1
  • Robert Pogeys 1300:1
  • Walter Poule 1338
  • Roger de Puttenham 1355
  • Thomas de Reynes 1340:1 1344:2 1347
  • Andrew de St. Liz 1326 1327:1 1329:2 1329:3
  • Thomas de Sakevill 1325
  • Alexander de Sanderton 1347
  • William de Santresdon 1302
  • John de Stretle 1333:2 1335:1
  • Robert de Tothale 1313:2
  • Roger de Tourney 1328
  • Nicholas de Turville 1315:2 1316 1317
  • William de Turville 1290
  • Roger de Tyringham 1295 1305 1329:4 1341:1
  • Richard de la Vache 1341:3
  • John le Veinour 1348 1349:2
  • Richard le Warde 1339:1
  • Ralph de Wedon 1307 1311 1312:2 1322 1331:2

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • The History and Antiquities of Buckinghamshire, Vol. 1, by George Lipscomb (1847)
  • The House of Commons 1509-1558, by S.T. Bindoff (Secker & Warburg 1982)
  • The House of Commons 1558-1603, by P.W. Hasler (HMSO 1981)