Knightswood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Knightswood
Scots: Knichtswid
Knightswood is located in Glasgow council area
Knightswood
Knightswood
 Knightswood shown within Glasgow
OS grid reference NS537692
Council area Glasgow City Council
Lieutenancy area Glasgow
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GLASGOW
Postcode district G13
Dialling code 0141
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Glasgow North West
Scottish Parliament Glasgow Anniesland
List of places
UK
Scotland
Glasgow

Coordinates: 55°53′40″N 4°20′27″W / 55.894400°N 4.340880°W / 55.894400; -4.340880

Knightswood is a suburban district in Glasgow, containing 4 areas: Knightswood North or High Knightswood, Knightswood South or Low Knightswood, Knightswood Park and Blairdardie. It has a golf course[1] and park, and good transport links with the rest of the city. Garscadden and Scotstounhill railway stations serve Low Knightswood while Westerton station serves High Knightswood. Knightswood is directly adjoined by the Anniesland, Drumchapel, Jordanhill, Netherton, Scotstoun and Yoker areas of Glasgow and by Bearsden in the North. Knightswood was a rural area of Dunbartonshire in the parish of New Kilpatrick with small-scale mining until the land was purchased for housing by the city of Glasgow and was annexed by the city in 1926. In subsequent years, housing developments have been built on most of the remaining free plots, but the area remains largely green, in line with garden suburb principles, with the only businesses based in small or medium-sized retail units. There are a number of churches and various community events are run throughout the year.

History[edit]

Knightswood features on maps by Ordnance Survey cartographer William Roy dating back to 1748-55, which show it lying within the parish of New Kilpatrick in Dumbartonshire.[2] The modern area is defined at its northern edge by the Forth and Clyde Canal (beyond which is Bearsden) which began construction in the 1760s and opened as the Great Canal in 1790.[3] Drumchapel and Yoker lie to the West, beyond Duntreath Avenue and Yoker Mill Road. At its southern edge, Knightswood is bounded by Anniesland Road, beyond which lies Jordanhill and Scotstoun. Netherton and Temple lie to the East. Both of these settlements (with Jordanhill and Scotstoun) appear on Joan Blaeu's 1662 Atlas of Scotland, but Knightswood is not shown, either omitted or not yet of significance.[4] The earliest recorded settlement (1740) in the Knightswood area was known as the Red Town, a small village supporting ironstone miners and brickmakers.[5]

Just before the First World War, Knightswood consisted of an Infectious Diseases Hospital (founded 1877[6]) with a line of terraced cottages to the north called Knightswood Rows, a few houses on the site of Knightswood Secondary School (all that remained of Red Town), but the area was otherwise unpopulated farmland and disused mineworkings.[7][8]

Great Western Road was constructed under government patronage[8] between 1924 and 1927 from Anniesland Cross to Duntocher, north of Clydebank.[9] Much of the housing in the area was constructed in three phases during the 1920s and 1930s on garden suburb principles.[10] This housing was mainly of cottage flat and semi-detached types, and is similar to other parts of the city such as Mosspark in the South Side and Carntyne in the East End and used for the relocation of people from slum tenements cleared near the city centre.[11][12] Land surrounding the junction of Great Western Road and Knightswood Road was designated for the use of several church denominations,[13][14][15][16] and the nearby Knightswood Park, but there were no designated industrial areas or public houses, which remained in adjacent Temple and Scotstoun/Yoker.

In 1926, the district was brought under the control of the city of Glasgow, which had purchased land outside its boundary from the Summerlee Iron Company for the building of the estate.[8] During the Second World War, Knightswood Hospital treated wounded soldiers.[17]

Knightswood, along with Jordanhill and Temple have been linked to stories of the Knights Templar; but according to the late Lord Lyon King of Arms there is no evidence for their presence in this area. Nevertheless, the theories continue to persist and are sometimes actively encouraged, as in the use of "heraldic" street names (Archerhill Road, Arrowsmith Avenue, Ivanhoe Road, Minstrel Road, Talisman Road, Templar Avenue, Turret Road) by Glasgow Corporation in Knightswood, even though Knightswood only appears in the records from the 18th century, long after the days of knights.[18]

Immediately following the war, spare land on the estate was used for temporary housing in the form of prefabs.[19] These were replaced in the 1960s with high-rise buildings.[20] In 1958, Glasgow Corporation opened a Fire Station[21] which now houses a specialist water rescue unit.[22]

Knightswood Hospital gradually lost services to other Glasgow Hospitals from the 1960s onwards, ending up as a Geriatric Unit and finally closing in March 2000.[23] The hospital site is now the Academy Park residential development. In 2008, Knightswood gained a new church congregation at Knightswood Cross when the Free Church of Scotland (Continuing) moved from temporary premises in Thornwood to the former Brethren Gospel Hall.[24][25][26]

Political representation[edit]

Westminster Parliament MP: John Robertson

Scottish Parliament MSP: Currently Bill Kidd; since the 2011 Scottish election, the area falls into the new Scottish Parliament constituency of Glasgow Anniesland.[27]

Ward 13 Garscadden/Scotstounhill covers Low Knightswood whilst Ward 14 Drumchapel/Anniesland covers High Knightswood.

  • Ward 13 - The Councillors for this multi member ward as of May 2012 are: Bailie Liz Cameron, Councillor Graeme Hendry, Councillor John Kelly and Councillor Paul Rooney.[28]
  • Ward 14 - The Councillors for this multi member ward as of May 2012 are: Councillor Paul Carey, Bailie Jonathan Findlay, Councillor Judith Fisher and Councillor Malcolm Balfour.[29]

Community events[edit]

Crowds at Knightswood Gala Day 2009

Glasgow City Council have initiated Knightswood Park Gala Day,[30] an event for council and community groups in the area. The event on 12 July 2008 was supported by Glasgow City Council, Strathclyde Fire Brigade, local churches (St David's Church of Scotland[15] and Knightswood Baptist Church[13]) and local clubs.[31][32][33]

The 2009 Gala Day took place on 27 June 2009. The event started with the arrival of the Kingsway carnival parade at midday.[34] There were demonstrations of falconry and sheepdog trials (herding Indian Runner Ducks due to space restrictions), live music, live entertainment, bouncy castles, stalls promoting community groups and clubs, Baptist church and fire brigade (as 2008). On site catering was provided this year, and first-aid cover was provided by St. Andrew's Ambulance Association.[35]

In 2010 and 2011, Trinley Brae Allotments took part in the Open Gates event as part of Glasgow's Doors Open Day. This has developed links with the local community and other community events have taken place since the first event in September 2010.[36][37] Members are currently researching the history of the allotment site and have the worked with the city council on other community events.[38]

Facilities[edit]

Knightswood caters for its residents with a community centre,[39] library,[40] secondary[41] and primary schools. Knightswood Swimming Pool, opened in 1971, was permanently closed in March 2010.[42] Knightswood Secondary School is also home to the Dance School of Scotland.[43] Shopping in Knightswood can be done in many places, mostly in Knightswood Shopping Centre, an area comprising around 10 shops. There are also some shops on Alderman Road, both at Dyke Road and near the community centre. Trinley Brae Allotments (between Knightswood Road and Turret Crescent) provide space for local residents to grow their own fruit, vegetables and flowers. Children's & Youth Clubs are operated locally for school age children on Thursdays in the south of the area at the Congregational church (called Fusion and Fusion Xtra)[44] and Fridays in the North at the Baptist Church (called Detonate and Detonate Plus).[13]

Churches and places of worship[edit]

Several denominations of churches are situated in the area of Knightswood Cross (junction of Knightswood Road and Great Western Road). The Church of Scotland is represented locally by St. David's Parish Church[15] and St. Margaret's Parish Church. Knightswood Baptist Church has been at its current site since 1929.[13] Episcopalian,[14] Roman Catholic,[16] United Free Church of Scotland[45] and Free Church of Scotland (Continuing)[46] churches are all nearby. Low Knightswood is served by Knightswood Congregational church.[44]

Knightswood Churches, showing variations in architecture within the area
Corpus Christi RC Church 
Knightswood Congregational Church 
St Davids Church of Scotland 
Holy Cross Episcopal church 
Knightswood United Free Church 
St Ninians RC Church 
St Margarets Church of Scotland 
Knightswood Baptist Church 
Knightswood Free Church Continuing 

References[edit]

  1. ^ Knightswood Golf Course
  2. ^ History Streets
  3. ^ Glasgow Canal
  4. ^ National Library of Scotland
  5. ^ ancestry.com
  6. ^ National Archives
  7. ^ The Glasgow Story - Images
  8. ^ a b c The Glasgow Story - Neighbourhoods
  9. ^ The Clydebank Story
  10. ^ Glasgow Council Knightswood leaflet
  11. ^ The Glasgow Story
  12. ^ BBC News
  13. ^ a b c d Knightswood Baptist Church
  14. ^ a b Holy Cross Episcopal (Anglican) Church
  15. ^ a b c St Davids Church of Scotland
  16. ^ a b St Ninian's Roman Catholic Church
  17. ^ Glasgow Guide
  18. ^ W. Cowie, Jordanhill: The History of a District
  19. ^ The Glasgow story - Images
  20. ^ Gazetteer for Scotland
  21. ^ "The History of Scottish Fire Brigades". Archived from the original on 2012-06-30. [dead link]
  22. ^ Strathclyde Fire
  23. ^ Greater Glasgow NHS Board Archive
  24. ^ BBC News
  25. ^ Knightswood FCC
  26. ^ A write-up of the new church building on the Knightswood Free Church Continuing website
  27. ^ Scottish Parliamentary Constituency Factsheets 2011
  28. ^ Glasgow City Council Ward 13
  29. ^ Glasgow City Council Ward 14
  30. ^ Clyde 1 radio Community Calendar
  31. ^ Knightswood Model Boat Club
  32. ^ Knightswood Camera Club
  33. ^ Strathclyde Fire Brigade Preservation Group blog
  34. ^ Glasgow Evening Times Online
  35. ^ Glasgow Evening Times Online
  36. ^ Glasgow Evening Times Online 14 Sept 2010 Accessed on 4 October 2010
  37. ^ Glasgow city council allotments Accessed on 28 October 2011
  38. ^ Trinley Brae Allotments Accessed on 28 October 2011
  39. ^ Glasgow Community Centres
  40. ^ Knightswood Library
  41. ^ St. Thomas Aquinas Secondary
  42. ^ http://www.swimglasgow.co.uk/content/view/638/36/
  43. ^ Knightswood Secondary incl Dance School of Scotland
  44. ^ a b Knightswood Congregational Church
  45. ^ Directory of United Free Church of Scotland
  46. ^ Knightswood Free Church Continuing website

External links[edit]