Kniphofia

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"Red Hot Poker" redirects here. For the Yale University sketch comedy group, see Red Hot Poker (Yale).
red hot pokers
Kniphofia02.jpg
Fiery colored Kniphofia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Genus: Kniphofia
Moench
Synonyms[1]

Kniphofia /nɪpˈhfiə/,[2] also called tritoma, red hot poker, torch lily, knofflers or poker plant, is a genus of flowering plants in the family Xanthorrhoeaceae, first described as a genus in 1794.[3] It is native to Africa. Herbaceous species and hybrids have narrow, grass-like leaves 10–100 cm (4–39 in) long, while perennial species have broader, strap-shaped foliage up to 1.5 m (5 ft) long. All plants produce spikes of upright, brightly colored flowers well above the foliage, in shades of red, orange and yellow, often bicoloured.[4] The flowers produce copious nectar while blooming and are attractive to bees. In the New World they may attract sap-suckers such as hummingbirds and New World orioles.

The Kniphofia genus is named after Johann Hieronymus Kniphof,[5] an 18th-century German physician and botanist.

Cultivars[edit]

In addition to the species, many named cultivars of mixed or uncertain parentage have been selected for garden use. The following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:-

  • 'Bees' Sunset'[6] (yellow)
  • 'Brimstone Bloom'[7] (sulphur yellow)
  • 'Buttercup'[8] (clear yellow)
  • 'Nobilis'[9] (evergreen, orange and yellow)
  • K. rooperi[10] (evergreen, oval spikes of red and yellow flowers)
  • 'Royal Standard'[11] (red and yellow)
  • 'Samuel's Sensation'[12] (tall herbaceous variety, scarlet flowers fading to yellow at the base)
  • 'Sunningdale Yellow'[13] (orange-yellow)
  • 'Tawny King'[14] (cream/brown)
  • 'Toffee Nosed'[15] (cream/brown)
  • 'Wrexham Buttercup'[16] (yellow)
Species[1]
  1. Kniphofia acraea Codd - Cape Province of South Africa
  2. Kniphofia albescens Codd - Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal
  3. Kniphofia albomontana Baijnath - Lesotho, South Africa
  4. Kniphofia angustifolia (Baker) Codd - KwaZulu-Natal
  5. Kniphofia ankaratrensis Baker - Madagascar
  6. Kniphofia baurii Baker - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  7. Kniphofia benguellensis Welw. ex Baker - Angola, Zambia
  8. Kniphofia bequaertii De Wild. - Zaïre, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda
  9. Kniphofia brachystachya (Zahlbr.) Codd - Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  10. Kniphofia breviflora Harv. ex Baker - KwaZulu-Natal, Free State
  11. Kniphofia bruceae (Codd) Codd - Cape Province
  12. Kniphofia buchananii Baker - KwaZulu-Natal
  13. Kniphofia caulescens Baker - Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province, Free State
  14. Kniphofia citrina Baker - Cape Province
  15. Kniphofia coddiana Cufod. - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  16. Kniphofia coralligemma E.A.Bruce - Limpopo
  17. Kniphofia crassifolia Baker - Limpopo
  18. Kniphofia drepanophylla Baker - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  19. Kniphofia dubia De Wild - Zaire, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola
  20. Kniphofia ensifolia Baker - South Africa
  21. Kniphofia × erythraeae Fiori - Eritrea (K. pumila × K. schimperi)
  22. Kniphofia evansii Baker - KwaZulu-Natal
  23. Kniphofia fibrosa Baker - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  24. Kniphofia flammula Codd - KwaZulu-Natal
  25. Kniphofia fluviatilis Codd - South Africa
  26. Kniphofia foliosa Hochst. - Ethiopia
  27. Kniphofia galpinii Baker - KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, Mpumalanga
  28. Kniphofia goetzei Engl. - Tanzania
  29. Kniphofia gracilis Harv. ex Baker - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  30. Kniphofia grantii Baker - Zaïre, Tanzania, Zambia, Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, Malawi
  31. Kniphofia hildebrandtii Cufod. - Ethiopia
  32. Kniphofia hirsuta Codd - Lesotho, Cape Province
  33. Kniphofia ichopensis Schinz - KwaZulu-Natal
  34. Kniphofia insignis Rendle - Ethiopia
  35. Kniphofia isoetifolia Hochst. - Ethiopia
  36. Kniphofia latifolia Codd - KwaZulu-Natal
  37. Kniphofia laxiflora Kunth - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  38. Kniphofia leucocephala Baijnath - KwaZulu-Natal
  39. Kniphofia linearifolia Baker - Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Swaziland, South Africa
  40. Kniphofia littoralis Codd - KwaZulu-Natal
  41. Kniphofia marungensis Lisowski & Wiland - Zaïre
  42. Kniphofia mulanjeana S.Blackmore - Mt. Mulanje in Malawi
  43. Kniphofia multiflora J.M.Wood & M.S.Evans - Swaziland, South Africa
  44. Kniphofia nana Marais - Zaïre
  45. Kniphofia northiae Baker - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  46. Kniphofia nubigena Mildbr. - Sudan
  47. Kniphofia pallidiflora Baker - Massif de l' Ankaratra in Madagascar
  48. Kniphofia paludosa Engl - Elton Plateau in Tanzania
  49. Kniphofia parviflora Kunth - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  50. Kniphofia pauciflora Baker - KwaZulu-Natal
  51. Kniphofia porphyrantha Baker - Lesotho, Swaziland, South Africa
  52. Kniphofia praecox Baker - Cape Province
  53. Kniphofia princeae (A.Berger) Marais - Zaïre, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Malawi
  54. Kniphofia pumila (Aiton) Kunth - Zaïre, Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea
  55. Kniphofia reflexa Hutch. ex Codd - Nigeria, Cameroon (endangered)[17]
  56. Kniphofia reynoldsii Codd - Tanzania, Zambia
  57. Kniphofia rigidifolia E.A.Bruce - Mpumalanga
  58. Kniphofia ritualis Codd - Free State, Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal
  59. Kniphofia rooperi (T.Moore) Lem. - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province
  60. Kniphofia sarmentosa (Andrews) Kunth - Cape Province
  61. Kniphofia schimperi Baker - Ethiopia, Eritrea
  62. Kniphofia splendida E.A.Bruce - Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, northeastern South Africa, Swaziland
  63. Kniphofia stricta Codd - Cape Province, Lesotho
  64. Kniphofia sumarae Deflers - Ibb Mountains of Yemen
  65. Kniphofia tabularis Marloth - Cape Province
  66. Kniphofia thodei Baker - Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal
  67. Kniphofia thomsonii Baker - Zaïre, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia
  68. Kniphofia triangularis Kunth - Lesotho, South Africa
  69. Kniphofia typhoides Codd - Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Mpumalanga
  70. Kniphofia tysonii Baker - KwaZulu-Natal, Cape Province, Swaziland
  71. Kniphofia umbrina Codd - Swaziland
  72. Kniphofia uvaria (L.) Oken - - Cape Province; naturalized in Mexico, North Carolina, Spain, Oregon, Turkey, Washington State, St. Helena, California

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  3. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Asphodeloideae  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  5. ^ "Google Translate". Translate.google.com. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia 'Bees Sunset". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia 'Brimstone Bloom'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia 'Buttercup'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia 'Nobilis'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia rooperi". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  11. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia 'Royal Standard'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia 'Samuel's Sensation'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia 'Sunningdale Yellow'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  14. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia 'Tawny King'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  15. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia 'Toffee Nosed'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  16. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Kniphofia 'Wrexham Buttercup'". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 20 May 2013. 
  17. ^ "Kniphofia reflexa". Redlist.org. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 

External links[edit]