Knish

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Knish
Lower East Side - Schimmel Knish 2.jpg
A classic potato knish
Alternative name(s) Knysh
Main ingredient(s) Mashed potatoes, ground meat, sauerkraut, onions, kasha or cheese

A knish /ˈknɪʃ/ or knysh is an Eastern European[1] snack food made popular in North America by Eastern European immigrants (mainly Polish).[2]

A knish consists of a filling covered with dough that is either baked, grilled, or deep fried. Knishes can be purchased from street vendors in urban areas with a large Jewish population, sometimes at a hot dog stand or from a butcher shop.

In the most East European traditional versions, the filling is made entirely of mashed potato, ground meat, sauerkraut, onions, kasha (buckwheat groats), or cheese. Other varieties of fillings include sweet potatoes, black beans, fruit, broccoli, tofu, or spinach.

Many cultures have variations of baked, grilled, or fried dough-covered snacks to which epicurean family the knish belongs including the Cornish pasty, the Scottish Bridie, the Jamaican patty, the Spanish and Latin American empanada, the Middle Eastern fatayer, the Portuguese rissol (rissole), the Italian calzone, the Indian samosa, the Polish pierogi, the Russian Pirozhki, and the Ukrainian Pyrizhky.

Knishes may be round, rectangular, or square. They may be entirely covered in dough or some of the filling may peek out of the top. Sizes range from those that can be eaten in a single bite hors d'oeuvre to sandwich-sized.

History[edit]

Eastern European immigrants who arrived sometime around 1900 brought knishes to North America.[3] Knish (קניש) is a Yiddish word that was derived from the Ukrainian or Russian "knysh" (Книш), meaning dumpling or cake.[4][5] The first knish bakery in America was founded in New York in 1910."[6] Generally recognized as a food made popular in New York by immigrants in the early 1900s, the United States underwent a knish renaissance in the 2000s driven by knish specialty establishments such as the Knish Shop in Baltimore, Maryland,[7] Buffalo and Bergen[8] in Washington, DC, or My Mother's Knish,[9] in Westlake Village, California.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wasserman, Tina. "Cooking: The Ultimate Jewish Finger Food". Reform Judaism Magazine. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  2. ^ Silver, Laura (May 6, 2014). Knish: In Search of the Jewish Soul Food. Waltham, Mass.: Brandeis University Press. ISBN 978-1-61168-312-7. 
  3. ^ The Oxford Companion to American Food and Drink - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  4. ^ "Judaism 101: Jewish Cooking". Jewfaq.org. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  5. ^ "knish - definition of knish by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia". Thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  6. ^ (Kugel, Knishes, and Other Tasty Dishes by Nina Yellin, 2001)
  7. ^ "The Knish Shop, Baltimore". Jewishinbaltimore.com. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  8. ^ "Gina Chersevani's Union Market Soda Shop and Bar Will Be Called Buffalo and Bergen | Food & Restaurant News". Washingtonian. 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2013-01-21. 
  9. ^ By Alan RichmanPhotograph by Martin O'Neill. "A Mother's Knishes: Alan Richman". GQ. Retrieved 2013-01-21.