Knob Noster State Park
|Knob Noster State Park|
|Missouri State Park|
|Named for: Knob Noster, Missouri|
|- elevation||732 ft (223 m) |
|Area||3,934 acres (1,592 ha)|
|Managed by||Missouri Department of Natural Resources|
|Website : Knob Noster State Park|
Knob Noster State Park is a 3,934-acre (1,592 ha) Missouri state park in Johnson County, Missouri in the United States. The park, named for the nearby town of Knob Noster, was constructed as the Montserrat National Recreational Demonstration Area in 1946 as part of a nationwide effort by the National Park Service to show how land that had been cleared for lumbering, mining or farming could be restored and reclaimed by the public for recreational purposes. Knob Noster State Park is open for year-round recreation including camping, hiking, and fishing.
Knob Noster State Park is named for the nearby town which itself is named for one of two small hills or "knobs" that rise up in an otherwise flat section of Missouri. A local Indian belief stated that the hills were "raised up as monuments to slain warriors." Noster is a Latin adjective meaning our. Therefore Knob Noster translates as our hill.
The park was constructed during the Great Depression by the Civilian Conservation Corps and the Works Progress Administration. The CCC and WPA were both part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal a series of government funded programs designed to provide work for the unemployed workers of the Great Depression. The men of the CCC and WPA built roads, bridges, camping areas, picnic areas, and park service buildings. The park, originally known as Montserrat National Recreation Demonstration Area, was transferred to the state of Missouri in 1946 and named for Knob Noster.
The Knob Noster area was described in 1861 during the American Civil War by Confederate soldier, Ephraim McDowell Anderson, as an area of "beautiful prairies, dotted with clumps of trees." The park lies in the Osage Plains, a transition zone between prairie and forest. Tall wild grasses and wild flowers grow among scattered trees making habitat similar to a savanna. In recent years the savanna has been overgrown with trees as the land is transitioning to a forest. There are efforts underway to restore some parts of the park to its original condition through controlled burning.
Clearfork Creek is a slow flowing meandering creek that passes through the park. It provides water for a corridor of trees along its banks. The trees growing along the banks and in other parts of the park include pawpaw, various species of hickory and oak, hackberry and redbud. The creek, prairie and woods provide a habitat for numerous birds and mammals including Great Blue Herons, Pileated Woodpeckers, Wild Turkeys, White-tailed deer, fox, Opossum, Raccoons, Screech Owls and Eastern Bluebirds.
A 4-acre (1.6 ha) section of the park has been specially designated as a protected natural area. Pin Oak Slough Natural Area is in a former oxbow slough of Clearfork Creek. The area is a wet-mesic forest and shrub swamp. Water pools during spring in depressions making vernal pools. Trees growing in the Pin Oak Natural Area include Pin Oak, Swamp White Oak and Bur Oak as well as Silver Maple. The rare pale green orchid can also be found in the natural area.
Knob Noster State Park and the Osage Plains are underlain by soft shales with sandstones and limestones of Mississippian to Pennsylvanian age. Some of the rocks prevalent in the Osage Plains are Mississippian limestone, limestone shale, Ordovician dolomite, and coal. There are also clay and shale within the Pennsylvanian bedrock.
Knob Knoster State Park is open for year-round recreation. Two lakes, Buteo and Clearfork, and Clearfork Creek are open to fishing. The most common game fish are channel catfish, crappie, bass and bluegill. Only human powered boats such as canoes and rowboats are permitted on the lakes. Several picnic areas are spread throughout the park on the shores of the various lakes. Three picnic pavilions are available. Five different types of camping areas are available at Knob Noster State Park. There are basic campsites with a fire ring and pad, electric campsites are similar to the basic, only with electric hook-ups, equestrian campsites have facilities for horses and the special-use and group camping areas are provided.
- "Knob Noster State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. October 24, 1980. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- "General Information -- Where Prairies and Forest Meet". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- "Knob Noster State Park". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- Crouch, Jim (2004). "The Works Progress Administration". Eh.Net Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- "Pin Oak Slough Natural Area". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- Adamski, James C.; James C. Petersen; David A. Freiwald; Jerri V. Davis (1995). Environmental and Hydrologic Setting of the Ozark Plateaus Study Unit, Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma. U.S. Geological Survey, Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4022. p. 14.
- "Fishing". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2010-06-16.
- "Camping". Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2010-06-16.