Knox Automobile Company

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Knox Automobile Company
Industry Automobile
Founded 1900
Defunct 1924
Headquarters Springfield, Massachusetts, United States
Products automobiles
trucks
tractors

The Knox Automobile Company was a manufacturer of automobiles in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States between 1900 and 1914. Knox also built trucks and farm tractors until 1924.

History[edit]

The Knox Automobile Company was established in 1900 and built 15 cars their first year.[1]

The 1904 Knox was a runabout model. The angle iron-framed car weighed 1850 lb (839 kg) and used side springs. It could seat 2 passengers.

3 or 4 wheels[edit]

1901 Knox Runabout on display in Tallahassee Automobile Museum. This model has a one-cylinder 5 hp (3.7 kW) air-cooled engine.

Initially, only three-wheelers were offered. Four-wheeled runabouts soon followed.[1]

Back seat driver[edit]

In some models, passengers rode up front over the front axle while the driver and another passenger sat in the back over the engine.[1]

The "Old Porcupine" engine[edit]

Knox tractor-trailer, Salt Lake City, 1915. Note chain drive, common in this era.

The flat-mounted air-cooled single-cylinder engine (which led to it sometimes being referred to as "Old Porcupine", due to the numerous projections on the cylinder cases)[2] was situated at the center of the car and produced 8 hp (6 kW). This engine was also called a "hedgehog".[3] A 2-speed planetary transmission was fitted.

Competitive pricing[edit]

The "Knoxmobile" sold for US$1350. By contrast, the Ford Model F was US$2000, the FAL US$1750,[4] the Cole 30[4] and Colt Runabout each US$1500,[5] the Oakland 40 US$1600,[6] and the Enger 40 US$2000,[4] while the high-volume Oldsmobile Runabout[7] ran US$650, Western's Gale Model A US$500[8] and the Brush Runabout was US$485.[4]

A larger Knox tonneau model, equipped with a straight-2 engine producing 16 hp (11.9 kW), was also produced, for US$2000.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 100 Years of the American Auto Millennium Edition, page 24, Copyright 1999 Publications International, Ltd.
  2. ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.170-1.
  3. ^ 100 Years of the American Auto Millennium Edition, page 19, Copyright 1999 Publications International, Ltd.
  4. ^ a b c d Clymer, p.104.
  5. ^ Clymer, p.63.
  6. ^ Clymer, p.84.
  7. ^ Clymer, p.32.
  8. ^ Clymer, p.51.

References[edit]

  • Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925. New York: Bonanza Books, 1950.
  • Frank Leslie's Popular Monthly (January, 1904)

See also[edit]