Knoxville, Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Knoxville, Iowa
City
"Knoxville" sign found on the north side along IA 14
"Knoxville" sign found on the north side along IA 14
Location of Knoxville, Iowa
Location of Knoxville, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°19′9″N 93°6′5″W / 41.31917°N 93.10139°W / 41.31917; -93.10139Coordinates: 41°19′9″N 93°6′5″W / 41.31917°N 93.10139°W / 41.31917; -93.10139
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Marion
Area[1]
 • Total 4.63 sq mi (11.99 km2)
 • Land 4.63 sq mi (11.99 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 909 ft (277 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 7,313
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 7,296
 • Density 1,579.5/sq mi (609.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 50138, 50197, 50198
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-42015
GNIS feature ID 0458137
Website www.discoverknoxville.com

Knoxville is a city in Marion County, Iowa, United States. The population was 7,313 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Marion County.[4] Knoxville is home of the National Sprint Car Hall of Fame & Museum located next to the famous dirt track known as Knoxville Raceway.

History[edit]

The site for the future county seat of Marion County was selected because it was within a mile of the geographic center of the county, reasonably level and near a good source of timber. The first town lots were sold in 1845, and the town was named after General Henry Knox to commemorate his service in the American Revolutionary War.[5]

Marion County Courthouse

In early 1853, the citizens of Marion County created a committee to attract railroad development to the county and to Knoxville, with members promising to buy shares in any railroad that reached town. The first contender was the Muscatine, Oskaloosa & Council Bluffs, proposing an east-west line that would pass through Knoxville. By 1875, when this line reached Knoxville, it was the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. The second railroad to reach Knoxville was the Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific, which completed a line from Oskaloosa in 1876.[6]

Systematic coal mining in Marion County began with the Union Coal Company's mine in Flagler, 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Knoxville in around 1874 or 1875. For several years, the Number 5 mine in Flagler was one of the most productive in Iowa, employing around 150 men and working a coal vein over 8 feet (2.5 m) thick. The Oak Hill coal company also had mines in Flagler.

Shortly after the railroad reached Knoxville, J. T. James opened a coal mine in town just 8 blocks north of the courthouse. This mine continued in operation until 1890. A second mine nearby was operated by W. A. Gamble. In the 1880s, the White Breast Fuel Company opened the Number 11 mine at Flagler. This mine operated in a coal vein that was locally up to 14 feet thick, but only locally. The mine continued operating until 1892, working in progressively thinner coal as it expanded.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Knoxville
historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,124
1870 800 −28.8%
1880 2,577 222.1%
1890 2,632 2.1%
1900 3,131 19.0%
1910 3,190 1.9%
1920 3,523 10.4%
1930 4,697 33.3%
1940 6,936 47.7%
1950 7,625 9.9%
1960 7,817 2.5%
1970 7,755 −0.8%
1980 8,143 5.0%
1990 8,232 1.1%
2000 7,731 −6.1%
2010 7,313 −5.4%
Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 7,313 people, 3,169 households, and 1,925 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,579.5 inhabitants per square mile (609.8/km2). There were 3,527 housing units at an average density of 761.8 per square mile (294.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.9% White, 1.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 3,169 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.3% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 41 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.5% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

According to the census[8] of 2000, there were 7,731 people, 3,191 households, and 1,984 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,746.2 people per square mile (673.8/km²). There were 3,418 housing units at an average density of 772.0 per square mile (297.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.00% White, 0.88% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 0.83% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.

There were 3,191 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.92.

Age spread: 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,055, and the median income for a family was $44,078. Males had a median income of $34,832 versus $21,593 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,893. About 9.6% of families and 11.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over.

Geography[edit]

Knoxville is located 2 miles (3.2 km) east of White Breast Creek and 6 miles southwest of the confluence of White Breast Creek and the Des Moines River in Lake Red Rock, at 41°19′9″N 93°6′5″W / 41.31917°N 93.10139°W / 41.31917; -93.10139 (41.319096, -93.101509).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.63 square miles (11.99 km2), all of it land.[1]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ John W. Wright and W. A Young, History of Marion County Iowa and its People, S. J. Clarke, Chicago, 1915; page 137.
  6. ^ pages 235-238.
  7. ^ John W. Wright and W. A Young, History of Marion County Iowa and its People, S. J. Clarke, Chicago, 1915; page 253-254.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]