K. B. Andersen

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K. B. Andersen
Cand. polit.
Knud Børge Andersen.png
Member of the Folketing
In office
1957–1970
In office
1973–1981
Minister of Education of Denmark
In office
1964–1968
Preceded by Kristen Helveg Petersen
Succeeded by Helge Larsen
Foreign Minister of Denmark
In office
1971–1973
Preceded by Poul Hartling
Succeeded by Ove Guldberg
In office
1975–1978
Preceded by Ove Guldberg
Succeeded by Anker Jørgensen
Personal details
Born (1914-12-01)1 December 1914
Died 23 March 1984(1984-03-23) (aged 69)
Nationality Danish
Political party Social Democrats

Knud Børge Andersen, known as K. B. Andersen for short, (1 December 1914 – 23 March 1984) was a Danish politician, who served as Danish Minister of Education and Minister of Foreign Affairs, and held international offices.

Biography[edit]

Andersen finished his degree in political science in 1940, worked for Statsradiofonien from 1935 to 1950, and was the headmaster of the "Workers' Folk high school" in Roskilde from 1950 to 1957.[1] He entered politics, and was elected to the Folketing as a Social Democrat in 1957.[1] He served as a member of the Council of Europe from 1963 to 1964.[2]

Andersen served as Minister of Education in the Cabinet of Jens Otto Krag from 1964 to 1968.[1] As a Minister of Education, Andersen instated the Higher Preparatory Examination (HF) and abolished corporal punishment in schools,[1] and turned the scrolls of the Icelandic sagas back to Iceland.[3] In 1970, Andersen left the Folketing, but was appointed Foreign Minister under Jens Otto Krag and later Anker Jørgensen, from 1971 to 1973 and again from 1975 to 1978.[3] Andersen was acting Prime Minister when Jens Otto Krag resigned in October 1972, until Anker Jørgensen was appointed new Prime Minister a few days later.[4] By 1973, he had re-entered the Folketing.[3]

As Foreign Minister, Andersen became well known in European foreign affairs circles, and was invited to the Bilderberg Conference.[citation needed] At a NATO council in December 1972, Andersen received heavy criticism from Sir Alec Douglas-Home, William P. Rogers, and NATO's Secretary General, for Denmark's eight percent reduction in their defense budget.[citation needed] This was at a time when the more powerful nations of Europe were calling for an increase in military spending.

Andersen was President of the European Economic Community Council of Ministers in 1978. During this time he was involved in the economic sanctions against South Africa.[citation needed] He ended his tenure in the Folketing in 1981, after serving as its Speaker from 1978 to 1981.[3] He was a critic of Denmark's political system. His belief was that the large number of political parties in Denmark made for political instability and for difficulty in forming coalition governments.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d K.B. Andersen - Undervisningsminister - 26/9 1964 - 2/2 1968 at Danish Ministry of Education
  2. ^ Mr Knud Borge ANDERSEN at Council of Europe
  3. ^ a b c d K.B. Andersen entry at Gyldendal Encyklopædi
  4. ^ Det Politisk-Økonomiske Udvalg 2008-09 - PØU alm. del Svar på Spørgsmål 208 PDF, Folketinget, September 10, 2009

Further reading[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Kristen Helveg Petersen
Education Minister of Denmark
26 September 1964 – 2 February 1968
Succeeded by
Helge Larsen
Preceded by
Poul Hartling
Foreign Minister of Denmark
11 October 1971 – 19 December 1973
Succeeded by
Ove Guldberg
Preceded by
Ove Guldberg
Foreign Minister of Denmark
13 February 1975 – 1 July 1978
Succeeded by
Anker Jørgensen
Preceded by
Karl Skytte
Speaker of the Folketing
October 3, 1978 – December 8, 1981
Succeeded by
Svend Jakobsen