Knud Knudsen (linguist)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Knud Knudsen

Knud Knudsen (1812 in Tvedestrand - March 4, 1895, in Kristiania) was a Norwegian linguist and philologist.

He was involved in the development of the Riksmål and Bokmål form of the written Norwegian language. He was also one of the first to propose Norwegianization, the rewriting of loanwords into a Norwegian spelling (e.g. turning chauffeur into sjåfør). His aim was to give a more Norwegian coloring to the literary language of Norway by adapting the orthography and syntax to Norwegian usage, and by substituting wherever it was possible Norwegian words for foreign derivatives. The most comprehensive treatment of the subject may be found in his Unorsk og norsk, eller Fremmedords avlösning (1879-1881).

While Knudsen was extreme in his views and frequently erred through a lack of thorough philological training, he exercised a decisive influence upon his contemporaries, especially Björnstjerne Björnson.


  • Haandbog i dansk-norsk sproglære, (1856)
  • Er norsk det samme som dansk? (1862)
  • Modersmaalet som skolefag (1864)
  • Det norske maal-stræv (1867)
  • Nogle spraak- og skolespörgsmaal (1869)
  • Den landsgyldige norske uttale (1876)
  • Unorsk og norsk eller fremmede ords avlösning, (1879–1881)
  • Af maalstriden 1881 (1881)
  • Norsk blandkorn (3 samlingar, 1882–1885)
  • Latinskole uten latin (1884)
  • Hvem skal vinne? (1886)
  • Tyskhet i norsk og dansk (1888).
  • Norsk maalvekst fra 1852 å regne (1894)

See also[edit]