Knud Knudsen (linguist)

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Knud Knudsen

Knud Knudsen (January 6, 1812 - March 4, 1895) was a Norwegian educator, author, linguist and philologist. [1]

Biography[edit]

Knud Knudsen was born at Tvedestrand in Aust-Agder, Norway. He was first Adjunct Professor in Drammen until 1846, when he was appointed headmaster at the Christiania Cathedral School, a position he held until 1880. [2]

Knudsen became involved in the development of the national debate which resulting in the Riksmål and Bokmål forms of the written Norwegian language. As an educator, he had observed that students had difficulty writing in the Danish language, when they spoke the Norwegian language. He came to believed that the written language should be changed to match common speech. In this regard, Knudsen came to exercise influence among his contemporaries, including Björnstjerne Björnson.[3] [4][5]

Knudsen was one of the first to propose Norwegianization (fornorskninglinjen), the rewriting of loanwords into a Norwegian spelling (e.g. turning chauffeur into sjåfør). His aim was to give a more Norwegian coloring to the literary language of Norway by adapting the orthography and syntax to Norwegian usage, and by substituting wherever it was possible, Norwegian words for foreign derivatives. He wanted changes that could occur in the shortest time possible and consequently put forward several reforms working within the Danish written language. The most comprehensive treatment of the subject may be found in his Unorsk og norsk, eller Fremmedords avlösning (1879-1881). [6][7]

Selected Works[edit]

  • Haandbog i dansk-norsk sproglære (1856)
  • Er norsk det samme som dansk? (1862)
  • Modersmaalet som skolefag (1864)
  • Det norske maal-stræv (1867)
  • Nogle spraak- og skolespörgsmaal (1869)
  • Den landsgyldige norske uttale (1876)
  • Unorsk og norsk eller fremmede ords avlösning, (1879–1881)
  • Af maalstriden 1881 (1881)
  • Norsk blandkorn (3 samlingar, 1882–1885)
  • Latinskole uten latin (1884)
  • Hvem skal vinne? (1886)
  • Tyskhet i norsk og dansk (1888).
  • Norsk maalvekst fra 1852 å regne (1894)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

Other Sources[edit]

  • Vinje, Finn-Erik (1978) Et språk i utvikling: noen hovedlinjer i norsk språkhistorie fra reformasjonen til våre dager (Oslo: Aschehoug) ISBN 8203115241
  • Hyvik, Jens Johan (2009) Språk Og Nasjon 1739-1868. Norsk Målreising. Band I (Det Norske Samlaget) ISBN 9788252174458

Related Reading[edit]

  • Haugen, Einar (1966) Language Conflict & Language Planning- The Case of Modern Norwegian (Harvard University Press)
  • Jahr, Ernst (2014) Language Planning as a Sociolinguistic Experiment: The Case of Modern Norwegian (Edinburgh University Press) ISBN 978-0748637829