Xoxe was born in 1917 in Negovan, Greece. According to different sources, Xoxe was an ethnic Macedonian or ethnic Bulgarian from Aegean Macedonia and was initially a tinsmith.[a]
Around 1937 he emerged among others, such as Enver Hoxha and Koco Tashko as prominent leaders of Albanian communism. He was a rival of Hoxha, and the Yugoslavs supported him.
He was purged for "pro-Yugoslav activities" after Josip Broz Tito broke relations with Hoxha's ally, Joseph Stalin. After a secret trial in May 1949, Xoxe was executed. He allegedly admitted that he was working for the British intelligence and that he was a conspirator with Tito. Xoxe was executed by a firing squad in June 1949.