Kobben-class submarine

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HNoMs Utstein
HNoMs Utstein, now a museum ship
Class overview
Builders: Nordseewerke GmbH
Operators: Royal Norwegian Navy
Royal Danish Navy
Polish Navy
Built: 1963–1966
In commission: 1964–2001 (Royal Norwegian Navy)
Completed: 15
General characteristics
Displacement: 435 t (428 long tons; 480 short tons) surfaced
485 t (477 long tons; 535 short tons) submerged
Length: 47.2 m (155 ft)
Beam: 4.7 m (15 ft)
Draft: 3.8 m (12 ft)
Propulsion: Diesel-electric
2 MTU 1,100 hp (820 kW) diesel engines
1 1,700 hp (1,300 kW) electric motor
Speed: 10 kn (19 km/h) surfaced
17 kn (31 km/h) submerged
Range: 4,200 nmi (7,800 km) at 8 kn (15 km/h)
228 nmi (422 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h)
Test depth: 180 m (590 ft)
Complement: 24
Armament: 8 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes capable of carrying the following torpedo types:
T1, Mk-37 Mod 1/2, Tp 61, Tp 612, Tp 613[citation needed]

The Kobben class or Type 207 is a version of the German Type 205 submarine customized for use by the Royal Norwegian Navy.

History[edit]

Along with the rest of the Royal Norwegian Navy, the submarine fleet was to be modernized according to the Fleet plan of 1960. After the war, Norway needed a navy more suited for coastal operations rather than large, seagoing vessels. This made the choice of a new type of submarines rather slim, not many NATO submarines being suited for this type of operations. A German Type 201 submarine was lent to the RNoN for evaluation and adaptation. The result was the Type 207, of which 15 vessels were delivered to Norway in the period 1964 – 67. All Kobben class submarines were built by Rheinstahl Nordseewerke GmbH in Emden. During 1985 – 93, six boats were lengthened by 2 m (6 ft 7 in) and modernized, most notably with new sonar equipment.

During that period, four others were sold to the Royal Danish Navy (known there as the Tumleren class), three operational (modernized) and one for spare parts. HDMS Sælen (S323) served in the 2003 invasion of Iraq from May 2002 until June 2003.

In 2001, the Kobben class was completely phased out in Norwegian service, now replaced by the newer Ula class. Five modernized vessels were given to the Polish Navy, four as operational units and one for spare parts.[1] Before they were transferred, the Polish crews were trained and the boats were overhauled.

During 2004, all of the operational Danish boats (Tumleren, Sælen and Springeren) were decommissioned. They were mothballed as of 2005, waiting to be scrapped or handed over to another nation.

Vessels[edit]

Kobben class — significant dates
Pennant Name Commissioned Notes
S-315 Kaura 1965 Transferred to Denmark in 1991 for spare parts
S-316 Kinn 8 April 1964 Scuttled in Bjørnafjord in 1990
S-317 Kya 15 June 1964 Transferred to Denmark in 1991 as the HDMS Springeren
S-318 Kobben 15 August 1964 Transferred to Poland in 2002 for spare parts and as of December 17, 2011 moved to Maritime Academy in Gdynia (Akademia Marynarki Wojennej) for crew training.[2]
S-319 Kunna 29 October 1964 Transferred to Poland in 2003 as the ORP Kondor
S-300 Ula 1965 Name changed to Kinn (S-316) in 1987, scrapped in 1998
S-301 Utsira 1965 Scrapped in 1998
S-302 Utstein 1965 Transferred to the naval museum in Horten in 1998, now on land as a museum ship
S-303 Utvær 1965 Transferred to Denmark in 1989 as the HDMS Tumleren (S322)
S-304 Uthaug 1965 Transferred to Denmark in 1990 as the HDMS Sælen (S323), now on land as a museum ship
S-305 Sklinna 1966 Reconditioned in 1989, scrapped in 2001
S-306 Skolpen 1966 Transferred to Poland in 2002 as the ORP Sęp
S-307 Stadt 1966 Scrapped in 1989
S-308 Stord 1967 Transferred to Poland in 2002 as the ORP Sokół
S-309 Svenner 1967 Transferred to Poland in 2003 as the ORP Bielik
ORP Bielik (Kobben class) in service with the Polish Navy (source: Polish MoD).

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Norwegian) Marinemuseet, the Norwegian naval museum [3] [4]

External links[edit]

Sites with information about the Kobben class.