Koblenz Hauptbahnhof

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Koblenz Hauptbahnhof
Station building and station forecourt
Operations
Category 2
Type Crossing station
Platforms in use 10
Daily entry/exit 40,000
DS100 code KKO
Station code 3299
Construction and location
Opened 1 May 1902
Style of architecture Baroque Revival
Architect Fritz Klingholz
Location Koblenz
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
50°21′2.76″N 7°35′21.63″E / 50.3507667°N 7.5893417°E / 50.3507667; 7.5893417Coordinates: 50°21′2.76″N 7°35′21.63″E / 50.3507667°N 7.5893417°E / 50.3507667; 7.5893417
Route information
List of railway stations in North Rhine-Westphalia

Koblenz Hauptbahnhof is a railway station in the city of Koblenz in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. It is the focal point of rail transport in the Rhine-Moselle-Lahn area. It is a through station in southern Koblenz built below Fort Großfürst Konstantin and opened in 1902 in the Neustadt (new city), which was built after the demolition of the city walls in 1890. The station replaced two former stations on the Left Rhine railway, which were only 900 m apart, and the former Moselle line station. Koblenz-Stadtmitte station opened in April 2011 in the old centre of Koblenz. Koblenz Hauptbahnhof is on the West Rhine Railway and connects to the Moselle line, the East Rhine Railway and to the Lahn Valley Railway. It is used daily by about 40,000 travelers and visitors. In the station forecourt are a bus station and a pavilion.

Since 2002, the station has been part of the Upper Middle Rhine Valley UNESCO World Heritage site.

History[edit]

Rhenish railway station[edit]

Map of railway lines in the Koblenz area

The Bonn-Cologne Railway Company opened its line between Cologne and Bonn in 1844, and extended it to Rolandseck in 1856. This company was taken over by the Rhenish Railway Company in 1857, which extended the line to Koblenz in 1858. On 11 November 1858, the first train, hauled by the locomotive Windsbraut ("whirlwind") ran over the newly built Moselle railway bridge on the Left Rhine line to a provisional station in the street of Fischelstraße. The construction of the bridge and the line was made possible by the first demolition of the Prussian city walls.

In 1859, the route was extended from Koblenz to Bingerbrück and the Rhenish station was expanded. In 1864 the Pfaffendorf Bridge was opened over the Rhine in Koblenz. It was initially built for trains only, connecting the Left and the Right Rhine lines. The last trains crossed the Pfaffendorf Bridge at the beginning of the First World War in August 1914.

Moselle station[edit]

In October 1878 the Güls railway bridge was inaugurated on the Moselle line and a year later this was followed by the completion of the Horchheim rail bridge over the Rhine. In 1879, Moselle line was put into operation and its station (Moselbahnhof) was opened below Fort Constantin, near the modern Hauptbahnhof. This line completed the expansion of the Koblenz rail network and was also a section of the strategic railway line between Berlin and Metz, the so-called Cannons Railway (Kanonenbahn).

Construction of the railway station[edit]

Arrival of Emperor Wilhelm II at the Rhenish station in 1893

The Prussian fortifications of Koblenz were abandoned and torn down completely from 1890. The built up area of the city spread outside the small area inside the old walls for the first time. South of the walls a new urban area rapidly grew up along with the southern suburbs. The maintenance of two stations proved to be very complicated, because through trains had to stop twice within 900 m and passengers coming from Trier and wanting to travel on the right Rhine line to the north had to take a horse-drawn cab or walk between the Moselle and the Rhenish station. Thus demands for a central station became louder and planning started on the construction of a new and larger passenger station.

The small Rhenish station in Fischelstraße was abandoned and a magnificent new station was built in the new southern suburbs near the Moselle station from 1899 to 1902 to a design by Fritz Klingholz. The Central Station (Centralbahnhof), as it was officially called at that time, was opened on 1 May 1902. The through station was built like a palace with central and side pavilions, although for functional reasons it was not completely symmetrical. The facades were made of tuff and yellow sandstone in a neo-baroque style. The station building has a length of 96 m. A hall was built over the platforms. The northern wing of the royal room (Fürstenzimmer) was richly decorated and had direct access via a flight of stairs to platform 1, on which the Emperor arrived in Koblenz in 1905.

After the Second World War[edit]

The station building and the railway tracks were damaged in air raids during the Second World War. Reconstruction began in 1946. The station lost the hall structure over its platforms and its tower building. The reconstructions were different from the original buildings, simply built and without ornamentation. Functional roofs were installed over the platforms. In 1957 the Rhine line was electrified. In 1967 a new railway station signal box was opened and in 1977 the lobby was renovated. The travel centre was opened in 1984. In 1998 renovation of the station began and it is still continuing.

Train services[edit]

Panorama in 2003

Koblenz station has a total of ten platform tracks on four platforms, seven of which are through-tracks (1 to 5, 8 and 9) and three are terminal tracks (104, 105 and 109).

Trains on the Left Rhine line from the north can use almost all tracks (1 to 5, 8 and 104), while Mosel line trains only use the three western tracks (5, 8 and 9). Trains on the Left Rhine line from the south can use only the eastern tracks (1 to 5 and 105), while Lahn Valley Railway and Right Rhine line trains can use all tracks (apart from the northern terminal platform, 104).

Long distance traffic[edit]

Station platform, 1971

In long-distance traffic, Koblenz is served by Intercity-Express, Intercity and EuroCity trains. Thus, almost every major city in Germany can be reached directly from Koblenz. Regional services consist of Regional-Express and Regionalbahn trains to cities within 200 kilometres towards Saarbrücken, Cologne and the Ruhr, Emmerich / Wesel, Giessen and Mainz-Frankfurt am Main.

The vectus Verkehrsgesellschaft operates trains from Koblenz via the Lahn Valley Railway to Limburg. The trans regio company operates trains on the Left Rhine line from Cologne to Koblenz (MRB26), and from Koblenz to Mainz (MRB32).

Line Route Frequency
ICE 10 Berlin Ostbahnhof Berlin Hbf – Berlin-Spandau – (Wolfsburg –) Hannover – Bielefeld – Hamm (Westf) – Hagen – Wuppertal – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz Individual services
ICE 31 (Kiel –) Hamburg – Bremen – Osnabrück – Münster (Westf) – Dortmund – Duisburg – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt (Main) – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Munich Individual services
ICE 91 Dortmund – Duisburg – Cologne  – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt (Main) – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Passau – Linz – Vienna Westbf Individual services
IC/EC 30 Hamburg-Altona – (individual services: Westerland –) Hamburg Hbf – Bremen – Münster (Westf) – Dortmund – Duisburg – Köln – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart (individual services: Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Freiburg (Brsg) – Basel SBBSwitzerland) Every 2 hours
IC/EC 31 (Fehmarn-Burg oder Kiel –) Hamburg – Bremen – Münster (Westf) – Dortmund – Hagen – Wuppertal – Cologne  –Bonn  – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt (Main) – Würzburg – Nuremberg (one train pair: Munich – Garmisch-Partenkirchen – Mittenwald / Munich – Freilassing – Berchtesgaden)  – Passau – Linz – Vienna (one train pair: Budapest) Every 2 hours
IC/EC 32 (Fr/Su: Berlin – Hannover – Bielefeld – Hamm (Westf) –) Dortmund – Duisburg – Cologne – Bonn - Remagen – Andernach – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart (one train pair: Ulm – Augsburg – Munich – Salzburg – Klagenfurt, one train pair: Ulm – Lindau – Innsbruck) Every 2 hours
IC 35 Norddeich Mole – Lingen – Rheine – Münster (Westf) – Duisburg – Cologne – Bonn – Remagen – Andernach – Koblenz – Trier – Luxemburg (one train pair: Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Stuttgart / Karlsruhe  – Konstanz) Individual services
IC 55 Leipzig – Halle (Saale) – Magdeburg – Braunschweig – Hannover – Bielefeld – Hamm (Westf) – Dortmund – Duisburg oder Wuppertal – Cologne – Bonn – Remagen – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart – Ulm – Oberstdorf One pair of services
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
ICE 10
select services only
Terminus
towards Kiel Hbf
ICE 31
towards Dortmund Hbf
ICE 91
towards Wien Hbf
IC/EC 30
towards Stuttgart Hbf or Chur
IC/EC 31
towards Passau Hbf
IC/EC 32
towards Innsbruck Hbf
IC/EC 35
towards Luxembourg
towards Dresden Hbf
IC 55
towards Oberstdorf

Regional services[edit]

Here is an overview of all regional services, stopping in Koblenz. Apart from the VIAS-operated RheingauLinie none of the 11 lines continue through the station, all start or finish there.

Line Line name Route Frequency Remarks
RE 1 Mosel-Saar-Express Koblenz – Bullay – WittlichTrier – Saarburg – Saarbrücken Every 2 hours From Dec. 2014 hourly to Luxemburg/Kaiserslautern
RE 2 Mittelrhein-Main-Express KoblenzBoppardBingenMainzFrankfurt Airport (regional)Frankfurt Every 2 hours Services being retendered from Dec. 2014
RE 5 Rhein-Express KoblenzAndernachRemagenBonnCologneKöln Messe/DeutzDüsseldorfDuisburgEmmerich Hourly From 2016 to be replaced by RRX (planning)
RE 8 Rhein-Erft-Express KoblenzNeuwiedCologne/Bonn Airport – Köln Messe/Deutz – Cologne – GrevenbroichMönchengladbach Hourly From 2016 to be replaced by RRX (planning)
SE 10 RheingauLinie Neuwied – KoblenzRüdesheimWiesbaden – Frankfurt Hourly From 2016 to be replaced by RRX (planning)
RE 25 Lahntalexpress KoblenzLimburg – Weilburg – Wetzlar – Gießen Every 2 hours Services being retendered from Dec. 2014
RB 25 Lahntalbahn Koblenz – Bad Ems – Diez – Limburg (Lahn) Hourly Services being retendered from Dec. 2014
MRB 26 Mittelrheinbahn Koblenz – Andernach – Remagen – Bonn – Cologne – Köln Messe/Deutz Hourly Operated since Dec. 2008 by TransRegio with DESIRO ML
RB 27 Rhein-Erft-Bahn Koblenz – Neuwied – Bonn-Beuel – Köln Messe/Deutz – Köln – revenbroich – Mönchengladbach Hourly Services being retendered from Dec. 2014
MRB 32 Mittelrheinbahn Koblenz – Boppard – Oberwesel – Bingen – Ingelheim – Mainz Hourly Operated since Dec. 2008 by TransRegio with DESIRO ML
RB 81 Moselbahn Koblenz – Cochem (Mosel) – Bullay – Wittlich – Trier Hourly Operated since Dec. 2009 by DB Regio
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus RE 1
Mosel-Saar-Express
Terminus RE 2/80
Mittelrhein-Main-Express
toward Emmerich
RE 5
Rhein-Express
Terminus
RE 8
Rhein-Erft-Express
Terminus RE 25
Lahntal-Express
toward Gießen Hbf
RB 27
Rhein-Erft-Bahn
Terminus
toward Trier Hbf
RB 81
Moseltal-Bahn
Preceding station   VIAS   Following station
toward Neuwied
SE 10
RheingauLinie
Preceding station   trans regio   Following station
MRB 26
MittelRheinBahn
Terminus
Terminus MRB 32
MittelRheinBahn
toward Mainz Hbf
Preceding station   vectus Verkehrsgesellschaft   Following station
Terminus RB 25
Lahntal-Bahn

References[edit]

  • Energieversorgung Mittelrhein GmbH, ed. (1992). Geschichte der Stadt Koblenz (in German). 1: Von den Anfängen bis zum Ende der kurfürstlichen Zeit. Stuttgart: Theiss. ISBN 3-8062-0876-X. 
  • Energieversorgung Mittelrhein GmbH, ed. (1993). Geschichte der Stadt Koblenz (in German). 2: Von der französischen Stadt bis zur Gegenwart. Stuttgart: Theiss. ISBN 3-8062-1036-5. 

External links[edit]