Koca Ragıp Pasha

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This article is about the Ottoman Grand Vizier. For the Prime Minister of Egypt, see Raghib Pasha.
Koca Damat
Mehmet Ragıp
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
12 January 1757 – 8 April 1763
Monarch Osman III
Mustafa III
Preceded by Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha
Succeeded by Tevkii Hamza Hamid Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
In office
1744–1748
Preceded by Yedekçi Mehmet Pasha
Succeeded by Yeğen Ali Pasha
Personal details
Born 1698
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died 1763 (aged 64–65)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Nationality Ottoman
Spouse(s) Saliha Sultan
Profession Civil servant
Religion Sunni Islam

Koca Mehmet Ragıp Pasha (1698–1763) was an Ottoman statesman who served as Grand Vizier from 1757 to 1763, as the provincial governor of Egypt from 1744 to 1748, and as a civil servant before 1744. He was also known as a poet. His epithet Koca means "great" or "giant" in Turkish.

Early years[edit]

His father was Şevki Mustafa, a bureaucrat in the Ottoman Empire. After completing his education, Mehmet Ragıp worked in various parts of the empire as a civil servant. He served as the chief treasurer in Baghdad (then a part of the Ottoman Empire). He was a member of Ottoman representatives in the Treaty of Belgrade in 1739. He was promoted to the post of reis ül-küttab (equivalent to a modern foreign minister) in 1740. He was the governor of Ottoman Egypt from 1744 to 1748,[1][2][3] when he was forced to step down by local troops.[4]

As Grand Vizier[edit]

Ragıp Paşa Library, Istanbul

He was appointed as Grand Vizier in 12 January 1757 by the sultan Osman III. When Osman III died ten months later, Mehmet Ragıp Pasha continued under the new sultan Mustafa III with whom he had very good relations. He married to Saliha, the sultan’s sister, and gained the title damat (English: bridegroom).

Ragıp’s term was during an Ottoman decline. He nevertheless enacted reforms to Ottoman administration and treasury. He was an adherent of peace policy. His term in the office almost coincides with the Seven Years' War in Europe. Despite the danger of war, he was able to keep the Ottoman Empire out of conflict.[5] Upon his death, Mustafa III wrote an elegy (Turkish: ağıt) expressing his sorrow for his good friend.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt 1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. p. 248. 
  2. ^ Mehmet Süreyya (1996) [1890], Nuri Akbayar; Seyit A. Kahraman, eds., Sicill-i Osmanî (in Turkish), Beşiktaş, Istanbul: Türkiye Kültür Bakanlığı and Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı 
  3. ^ Yılmaz Öztuna (1994). Büyük Osmanlı Tarihi: Osmanlı Devleti'nin siyasî, medenî, kültür, teşkilât ve san'at tarihi (in Turkish) 10. Ötüken Neşriyat A.S. pp. 412–416. ISBN 975-437-141-5. 
  4. ^ 'Abd al-Rahman Jabarti; Thomas Philipp; Moshe Perlmann (1994). Abd Al-Rahmann Al-Jabarti's History of Egypt 1. Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart. pp. 250–251. 
  5. ^ Gabor Aboston-Bruce Masters: Ottoman Encyclopaedia, Facts on File Inc, ISBN 978-0-8160-6259-1, p411
  6. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt III, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 35
Political offices
Preceded by
Yedekçi Mehmet Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1744–1748
Succeeded by
Yeğen Ali Pasha
Preceded by
Köse Bahir Mustafa Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
12 January 1757 – 8 April 1763
Succeeded by
Tevkii Hamza Hamid Pasha