Kodi Rammurthy Naidu
Kodi Ramamurthy Naidu(Hindi:प्रोफेसर राममूर्ति नायडू (पहलवान) Telugu: కోడి రామమూర్తి నాయుడు Birth:1882–Death:1942), also known as Prof. Rammurty, was an Indian bodybuilder who earned enormous respect for India in the field of wrestling. Prof. Rammurty worked as Physical Education Teacher in the Branch College of Vizianagaram. He got profound knowledge in Vayu Stambhana (en. air resistance) and Jala Stambhana (en.water resistance). He was awarded with the title of Kaliyugi Bhima by the King George V of the United Kingdom. He established a Circus (company) and earned a lot of money but donated it to the charitable trusts and contributed a lot in the Indian independence movement.
Early life 
Rammurty Naidu was born to Venkanna in the month of April 1882 at the village of Veeraghattam in the Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh in India. His mother died when he was a little child. Since the boy had become motherless, his father treated him with more care and affection in his childhood. As he grew up he started quarrelling with his age group youngesters the father Venkanna sent him to Vizianagaram for his studies where he lived with his uncle who was serving there as an Inspector of Police.
Joined fitness centre 
Rammurthy joined a fitness centre in Vizianagaram and learnt wrestling. His uncle Kodi Narayana Swamy, sent him to another fitness centre in Madras. He returned to Vizianagaram after one year training and joined as a physical training instructor at a prestigious college of the estate. He was a strict vegetarian and the Andhra Pradesh government devoted a chapter in the Telugu text books about the prominence of gaining strength purely based on plant based protein.
First body show 
In 1911 he went to Madras and showed his skills of breaking steel chains, stopping motor cars and allowing elephant to pass over his chest before the public and government authorities. He was awarded there the title of Indian Sandow for his excellence.
Established a circus company 
He established a circus company at Vizianagaram with the help of his friend, Potti Panthulu. His uncommon feats attracted people from all over the country. He used to break an iron chain tied to his body by taking a deep breath and flexing his muscles. Iron chains would be tied to his shoulders and the other ends were tied to two cars and used to stop them. He took an elephant on his chest and held it for five minutes.
Impressed the lord 
The then Viceroy of British India, Lord Minto, experienced Ramamurthy's strength, when he tried to drive his car with Rammurthy holding it back with iron chains. His fame spread across the length and breadth of the country after this incident.
Demonstrating his physical strength 
Honored by the crown 
Kaliyugi Bhima 
He was the first Indian to be so honoured by the royal couple. When he put before them the historical facts of Bhima of Mahabharat and compared it with those of Greek Hercules and Prussian Sandow, the King awarded him another more prestigious title of Kaliyugi Bhima to him
Performances abroad 
This great bodybuilder performed impressive feats like stopping a car at high acceleration, breaking iron chains and holding an elephant leg on his chest, as well as juggling elephant babies with weights attached to them. He also performed in France, Germany, Japan and Spain.
Bullfighting in Spain 
When he was in Spain the Spanish people invited him to see the bullfighting. He went there, saw the fighting but he was not impressed. In order to show his muscle power, he entered the bullfighting ring, caught hold on a bull by its horns and threw it to the ground. Although he had no experience of fighting such bulls yet he dared to do and performed it successfully.
Contribution to charity and freedom movement 
Ramamurthy was attracted towards the freedom movement through B. Chandrayya Naidu, who used to organise tribal youths against the British rulers. He earned crores of rupees through his circus company but spent a large amount of his wealth on charity and for the Freedom movement of India.
A statue of him is erected on the Beach Road of Vishakhapatnam. Another statue is also situated in his home district Srikakulam. An information plate has been fixed behind the statue, The images of both are shown here in above of this article.
- The Hindu
- Dr. Shridevi S. Kody Rammoorthy : Luminaries of Andhra Pradesh 1976 Andhra Pradesh Sahitya Academi Hyderabad.