Kodiak Launch Complex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Athena I vehicle with Kodiak Star mission outside the Launch Service Structure in 2001.
Launch Service Structure at Kodiak

The Kodiak Launch Complex (KLC) is a commercial rocket launch facility for sub-orbital and orbital space launch vehicles owned and operated by the Alaska Aerospace Corporation, a public corporation of the State of Alaska.[1][2] The facility is located on Kodiak Island, Alaska.

The launch facility has handled 15 launches since it opened in 1998—most of those for the US government, with a 100 percent success rate to date.

Launch facilities[edit]

The Kodiak spaceport has two launch pads with a mission control center that includes 64 workstations with high-speed communications and data links. There is a clean room for preparing satellites for launch, a fully enclosed 17-story-tall rocket assembly building and two independent range and telemetry systems. The complex sits on 3,700 acres (15 km2) of state-owned land. Launch pad 1 is designed for orbital launches, while launch pad 2 is intended for sub-orbital flights. A third launch pad is planned which would allow the facility to support quick launches of satellites: under 24 hours to launch from 'go ahead'.[2]

Launch history[edit]

The first orbital launch from the Kodiak Launch Complex was an Athena I rocket which carried out the Kodiak Star mission for NASA and the Space Test Program, launching Starshine 3, Sapphire, PCSat, and PICOSatS on September 30, 2001.[3]

Launches from Kodiak Launch Complex
No. Date (UTC) Vehicle Payload Pad Result Remarks
1 November 6, 1998
ait-1 Carried various experiments and instruments, including a "Global Positioning System antenna, Honeywell GPS Measure Unit, Electromagnetic Radio Tornography experiment, Langmuir probe and an Air Force nosetip".[4]
2 September 15, 1999
• First stage: Castor IVB
• Second stage: Hercules M57A1
Carried various experiments and instruments, including a Langmuir probe, the Boston Rocket Ionospheric Tomography Experiment, an interceptor seeker, and calibration equipment.[6]
3 March 19, 2001 Aries QRLV-1
4 September 30, 2001
Athena I (LM-001) LP-1 Success Kodiak Star mission; first orbital launch from Kodiak
5 November 9, 2001
Polaris STARS M-4
6 April 24, 2002 Aries QRLV-2
7 December 15, 2004
Polaris A3 STARS M-5
8 February 14, 2005
Polaris STARS M-6
9 February 23, 2006
Polaris STARS M-7 FT04-1
10 September 1, 2006
Polaris STARS M-8
11 May 25, 2007
Polaris STARS M-9
12 September 28, 2007
Polaris STARS
13 December 5, 2008
Pegasus STARS
14 November 20, 2010
Minotaur IV LP-1 Success STP-S26 mission; included a Hydrazine Auxiliary Propulsion System (HAPS) to move vehicle to a secondary orbit after ejecting payloads.
15 September 27, 2011
Minotaur IV+ TacSat-4 LP-1 Success
16 2013 (scheduled)[10] Athena II Ride-share opportunity LP-1 N/A


  1. ^ "History and Organization". Alaska Aerospace Corporation. 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Kodiak Readies for Quick Launch". Aviation Week. April 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Kodiak Star - Kodiak Island Video Feeds". NASA.gov. September 29, 2001. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  4. ^ Inaba, Amy (November 6, 1998). "Kodiak Launch: A Success" (Press release). Congressman Don Young. Retrieved July 13, 2013. 
  5. ^ Bowles, Ann E. (September 5, 2000). Potential Impact of USAF atmospheric interceptor technology (ait) Launches from the Kodiak Launch Complex, Kodiak Island, Alaska (Report). Defense Technical Information Center. p. 12. http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA413402. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
  6. ^ a b Williamson, Richard (September 10, 1999). "AIT-2 rocket set for Kodiak launch". Astro News via FAS.org. Retrieved July 12, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b Wilke, Gregory D. (2006). "An Overview of Kodiak Launch Complex Operational Weather Support for the Missile Defense Agency's Integrated Flight Test 13 and 14 Launches". 12th Conference on Aviation Range and Aerospace Meteorology, 86th AMS Annual Meeting. January 28-February 3, 2006. Atlanta, Georgia. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society. 
  8. ^ Wall, Mike (November 19, 2010). "Rocket Loaded With Solar Sail and Satellites Blasts Off From Alaska". Space.com. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  9. ^ Graham, William (September 27, 2011). "Orbital Minotaur IV launches with TacSat-4". NASA Spaceflight. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Lockheed Martin Selects Alaska's Kodiak Launch Complex To Support Future Athena Launches" (Press release). Lockheed Martin. March 2, 2012. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°26′09″N 152°20′16″W / 57.435833°N 152.337778°W / 57.435833; -152.337778