Kodiak Launch Complex
The Kodiak Launch Complex (KLC) is a commercial rocket launch facility for sub-orbital and orbital space launch vehicles owned and operated by the Alaska Aerospace Corporation, a public corporation of the State of Alaska. The facility is located on Kodiak Island, Alaska.
The launch facility has handled 15 launches since it opened in 1998—most of those for the US government, with a 100 percent success rate to date.
The Kodiak spaceport has two launch pads with a mission control center that includes 64 workstations with high-speed communications and data links. There is a clean room for preparing satellites for launch, a fully enclosed 17-story-tall rocket assembly building and two independent range and telemetry systems. The complex sits on 3,700 acres (15 km2) of state-owned land. Launch pad 1 is designed for orbital launches, while launch pad 2 is intended for sub-orbital flights. A third launch pad is planned which would allow the facility to support quick launches of satellites: under 24 hours to launch from 'go ahead'.
The first orbital launch from the Kodiak Launch Complex was an Athena I rocket which carried out the Kodiak Star mission for NASA and the Space Test Program, launching Starshine 3, Sapphire, PCSat, and PICOSatS on September 30, 2001.
|1||November 6, 1998
|ait-1||Carried various experiments and instruments, including a "Global Positioning System antenna, Honeywell GPS Measure Unit, Electromagnetic Radio Tornography experiment, Langmuir probe and an Air Force nosetip".|
|2||September 15, 1999
• First stage: Castor IVB
• Second stage: Hercules M57A1
|Carried various experiments and instruments, including a Langmuir probe, the Boston Rocket Ionospheric Tomography Experiment, an interceptor seeker, and calibration equipment.|
|3||March 19, 2001||Aries QRLV-1|
|4||September 30, 2001
|Athena I (LM-001)||LP-1||Success||Kodiak Star mission; first orbital launch from Kodiak|
|5||November 9, 2001
|Polaris STARS M-4|
|6||April 24, 2002||Aries QRLV-2|
|7||December 15, 2004
|Polaris A3 STARS M-5|
|8||February 14, 2005
|Polaris STARS M-6|
|9||February 23, 2006
|Polaris STARS M-7 FT04-1|
|10||September 1, 2006
|Polaris STARS M-8|
|11||May 25, 2007
|Polaris STARS M-9|
|12||September 28, 2007
|13||December 5, 2008
|14||November 20, 2010
|Minotaur IV||LP-1||Success||STP-S26 mission; included a Hydrazine Auxiliary Propulsion System (HAPS) to move vehicle to a secondary orbit after ejecting payloads.|
|15||September 27, 2011
|16||2013 (scheduled)||Athena II||Ride-share opportunity||LP-1||N/A|
- "History and Organization". Alaska Aerospace Corporation. 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- "Kodiak Readies for Quick Launch". Aviation Week. April 2010. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- "Kodiak Star - Kodiak Island Video Feeds". NASA.gov. September 29, 2001. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- Inaba, Amy (November 6, 1998). "Kodiak Launch: A Success" (Press release). Congressman Don Young. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
- Bowles, Ann E. (September 5, 2000). Potential Impact of USAF atmospheric interceptor technology (ait) Launches from the Kodiak Launch Complex, Kodiak Island, Alaska (Report). Defense Technical Information Center. p. 12. http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA413402. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- Williamson, Richard (September 10, 1999). "AIT-2 rocket set for Kodiak launch". Astro News via FAS.org. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
- Wilke, Gregory D. (2006). "An Overview of Kodiak Launch Complex Operational Weather Support for the Missile Defense Agency's Integrated Flight Test 13 and 14 Launches". 12th Conference on Aviation Range and Aerospace Meteorology, 86th AMS Annual Meeting. January 28-February 3, 2006. Atlanta, Georgia. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society.
- Wall, Mike (November 19, 2010). "Rocket Loaded With Solar Sail and Satellites Blasts Off From Alaska". Space.com. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- Graham, William (September 27, 2011). "Orbital Minotaur IV launches with TacSat-4". NASA Spaceflight. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- "Lockheed Martin Selects Alaska's Kodiak Launch Complex To Support Future Athena Launches" (Press release). Lockheed Martin. March 2, 2012. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kodiak Launch Complex.|
- Alaska Aerospace Corporation
- Alaska Aerospace Development Corporation Annual Reports from 2002 to present hosted by the Alaska State Publications Program.
- Economic impact of the Alaska Aerospace Development Corporation on the Kodiak Island Borough and the State of Alaska 2006 hosted by the Alaska State Publications Program.
- Environmental monitoring report, FTG-02 launch : Kodiak Launch Complex, Kodiak, Alaska / prepared for Alaska Aerospace Development Corporation (2007) hosted by the Alaska State Publications Program.
- Environmental monitoring report, FT-04-1 launch : Kodiak Launch Complex, Kodiak, Alaska (2006) hosted by the Alaska State Publications Program.