Kodinar

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Kodinar
city
Kodinar is located in Gujarat
Kodinar
Kodinar
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 20°52′N 70°48′E / 20.86°N 70.80°E / 20.86; 70.80Coordinates: 20°52′N 70°48′E / 20.86°N 70.80°E / 20.86; 70.80
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Gir Somnath district
Population (2001)
 • Total 32,606
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Kodinar is a city and municipality in Gir Somnath district, in the Indian state of Gujarat, 37 kilometres (23 mi) west of Una. Kodinar is close to the Gir Forest National Park. The main transport connections for Kodinar city are Diu Airport, Veraval Railway Station, and Veraval Port.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Kodinar—a Taluka in the Gir Somnath district—contains 64 villages. Kodinar has a population of around 2 lakhs—52% male and 48% female. Kodinar has an average literacy rate of 67%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 59%. 15% of the population is under six years old. There are many castes including Karadiya Rajput, Koli, Brahmins, and Lunvanas.

Tourism[edit]

  • Jamjir Water Fall is a great waterfall near Jamvala in Gir Forest and 20 km from Kodinar City. Bapeshwar Shiva Temple is highly renowned.
  • Indra Bharti Bapu Ashram near ghantvad.
  • Bhetali Kankai mata Temple near Alidar
  • Devayat Bodar Dham near Alidar Bodidar
  • Aadnath mahadev temple in Aadpukar Village
  • sea shore of Kodinar at evening.
  • garden
  • irragation dept. shingoda dame
  • mali sheri
  • v.v.

Sandhanidhar[edit]

Sandhanidhar is a small village on a hill. it is nearby Jamjir.

Mul Dwarka[edit]

Ancient city of Mul Dwarka

Mul Dwarka is a small seashore village near Kodinar, a historic place of the original Dwarka of Mahabharata. Marine archaeological explorations have found many artifacts that date to the 10th century AD (Sampura,1968). One find, an ancient temple, is a circular structure about 4 meters high, constructed of dressed limestone blocks. Locally, this structure is called Diva Dandi (lighthouse). If the structure is a lighthouse, it may be the oldest lighthouse remains on the Saurashtra coast.

Achreologists have found many artifacts, including ancient anchors and a medieval well with potable water near the jetty. Another site, Mul Dwarka, dates from the Dwarka of Mahabharata period and has been surveyed extensively for submerged archaeological remains. Remains of the ancient port of Mul Dwarka have been destroyed by construction of a cement jetty. However, discovery of a composite stone anchor and report on some grapnel type anchors from Mul Dwarka suggest that this was also an active port in historical times. An ancient lighthouse may date to the 12th–15th century AD—another indication of active maritime activities.

A tidal river—blocked by a sand bar that may be caused by a cement jetty—flows on the western side of Mul Dwarka village. Archaeological findings from Mul Dwarka suggest that this was a historical period settlement and was very active port during the medieval period. This site also show the presence of Harappan and late Harappan settlement, for example, Kindar Kheda near Mul Dwarka (Visawada) and Kanjetar and which dates to around the 10th to 12th century AD,[2]

Kaj[edit]

Kaj is 10 km east of Kodinar, on the Dwarka highway. Kaj has evidence of late Harrapan settlements. An ancient mound is just 2–3 km east of the present village. It is hosts Siberian birds that visit annually, providing a fresh water sanctuary. Archaeological explorations found many ceramic artifacts, including bowls from the Harappan period.

Archaeological teams found many pieces of amphora that were used to hold water and other liquids, and a ring-stone type anchor very similar to those from ancient Dwarka and Somnath. All this indicates the existence of a Harrapan civilization near the bank of the creek.

Among the large number of Harappan pottery fragments, two large amphorae fragments suggest that Kaj might have been an ancient port on the mid Saurashtra-Kathiyawad coast, trading with boats from other countries—particularly between Bet Dwarka (Gaur et al. 2005b and 2006) and Hathab (Pramanik, 2004). Topographical features indicate that in the past the ancient site of Kaj might have been approached through the sea route.[3]

Kanjotar[edit]

Kanjetar is another coastal village that began as a historical settlement. Two mounds are near this village: one on the east side of the village, with a temple dedicated to Mahakali; and another about 2 km west of the village.

Both entire mounds are under cultivation. A large quantity of Bronze Age pottery has been collected, which confirms a settlement in that period. Local residents say that digging house foundations has revealed many pottery fragments and structures. Archaeologists consider Kanjetar to be a Harappan port on the mid-Saurashtra.[citation needed] Exploration of the site found an ancient rock-cut step well near this settlement that may be contemporary to the site.

Surface exploration found a terracotta wheel with a projection for a hub, probably from a toy cart. Other discoveries include an Indo-Arabia type limestone anchor under 4 m of water. It is broken, leaving only an upper portion with a circular hole. It is similar to those from other sites on the Saurashtra coast. [4]

Political issues[edit]

The president of Kodinar Municipality, Shiva Solanki—who belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party—was arrested in connection with the murder of Amit Jethwa, a RTI activist who had filed a PIL against illegal mining in the Gir Forests. Jethwa was shot dead on July 20, 2010. Solanki is nephew of Kodinar's MLA Dinu Solanki.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ Gaur, A.S. "New evidence on Maritime Archaeology around Mul Dwarka (Kodinar), Gujarat Coast, India". National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR). 
  3. ^ Gaur, A.S. "New evidence on Maritime Archaeology around Mul Dwarka (Kodinar), Gujarat Coast, India". National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR). 
  4. ^ Gaur, A.S. "New evidence on Maritime Archaeology around Mul Dwarka (Kodinar), Gujarat Coast, India". National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR). 
  5. ^ IBN, Live. "Amit Jethva Case". 
  6. ^ "BJP MP Dinu Solankis Nephew Arrested".  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)