Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple

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Kodungallur Bhagavati Temple
Kodungallur Bhagavati Temple
Kodungallur Bhagavati Temple
Name
Proper name: Kurumba Bhagavati Temple
Location
Country: India
State: Kerala
District: Thrissur district
Location: Kodungallur
Architecture and culture
Primary deity: Bhadrakali
Architectural styles: Architecture style of Kerala
History
Date built:
(Current structure)
Not Known

Kurumba Bhagavati Temple (alternatively Kodungallur Bhagavati Temple) is a Hindu temple at Kodungallur, Thrissur district, Kerala state, India. The idol of the goddess Bhadrakali (popularly known as "Kodungallur Amma") in the temple is unique as it has eight hands with various attributes. One is holding the head of an Asura, another a sword, next an anklet, another a bell, and so on. Routine worship at the temple every day at 03:00 and ends at 21:00 local time.[1]

Kurumba Bhagavati Temple is where Kannaki, heroine of Ilango Adigal's Tamil classic Silappathikaram attained salvation.[2] During the reign of Later Cheras, Mahodayapuram (Kodungallur) was the capital of the state and one of the most important parts of the region.

History[edit]

It is said that sixth avatar of Vishnu, Sage Parasurama built this temple for the prosperity of the people. According to the old chronicles, this Bhagavathi temple was created in the heart of the town many centuries ago to serve a special purpose.[3]

Deity of Kodungallur Bhagavathy in the temple

Legend says that, after the creation of Kerala by Parasurama, he was harassed by a demon called Daruka. To kill this evil demon, Parasurama prayed to Lord Shiva for help. As advised by Shiva, Parasurama constructed the shrine and installed the Shakti Devi as Bhagavathi/Bhadrakali. The deity in the temple, it is believed, is Parashakthi herself. According to legends, it was Bhadrakali who killed the evil demon Daruka.

In Tantric terms the divinity is installed in what is called the "RURUJIT VIDHAANA" a form of installation where at one end is shiva and at the other end Ganapathy with Sapta Matrus in between.

According to another belief, the Kannagi came to Kodungallur and prayed to Godess Bhadrakali of Kodungallur. She got absorbed to Bhagavathy idol. From time immemorial, persons wishing to earn merit have been offering animal sacrifice. Countless fowl and goats were sacrificed to the deity as vowed gifts for the protection and fulfillment of desires. At the intervention of many social reformers, the government of Kerala has banned animal sacrifice in any form at this place. At present, only red-dyed dhotis are offered to the deity. Many devotees offer rich presents and gold ornaments.[4][5]

The people of Kodungallur believe that this temple was, in the olden days, a Shiva shrine and it was Parasurama who installed Sri Kurumba Bhagavathi close to the idol of Shiva. Although this is a small town and has several temples, most of them are Shiva shrines. The poojas are conducted under direct instructions from Sri Bhagavathi Herself. Five 'Sri Chakras' installed by Adi Shankaracharya are believed to be the main source of the powers of this deity. The priests are Namboodiris and Adikas (Madhu Brahmins) who have a right to perform ‘Pushpanjalis' to the Goddess.

Bhagavathi being the patron of the royal family of Cranganore, the Raja plays an active part in the celebrations of the festival. Standing upon a rostrum built around a banyan tree, the Raja spreads out a silken umbrella soon after the door of the Devi shrine is opened. The peculiarity of the event is that it denotes the giving permission for all castes to enter the precincts of the temple for worship. This is known as ‘Kavu Theendal'. Devotees run round the temple thrice with sticks in hand before they enter the shrine. The legend goes to prove that the killing of the Demon has taken place and the sticks are substitutes for the arms and swords used in olden days.

Old Sree Kurumba Temple situated at the South Side of the Town.KUDUMBI Community Peoples are Services all the activities related to this kurumbamma temple.

Temple structure[edit]

Lighting the evening lamps at Kodungallur Bhavathy Temple

The temple is situated in the middle of a plot of land about ten acres, surrounded by banyan and peepal trees. The srikovil is facing north. The western chamber of the inner temple is the seat of Sapthamatrukas (Seven Mothers) who also face north. The idols of Ganapathi and Veerabhadra are found in the chamber, one facing east and the other facing west, respectively. The idol of bhagawati is about seven feet high and made of wood, carved from a jackfruit tree. The idol has eight arms that carry weapons and symbols.[6]

To the left of the temple is the walled enclosure which has a peculiar ‘Samadhi of Vysoori', perhaps a medieval shrine deity for small pox, chicken pox, mumps and other contagious diseases. Devotees offer auspicious turmeric powder which gives credence to the influence of the Goddess and the legend. Its widespread fame is evident through its clean and well-kept sanctuaries. About fifty metres away to the left is a sacred pond (Pushkarini), where devotees bathe before entering the main shrine. It is believed that this pond was created by the goddess by striking the ground with her sword.

Festivals[edit]

Bharani festival[edit]

Kodungallur Bharani festival in Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple

The Bharani festival at the Kodungallur Bhagawati temple is one of the grandest in Kerala. It is a month of festivities from the Bharani asterism in the month of Kumbham to 7 days after the Bharani asterism in the month of Meenam. It normally falls between the months of March and April. The festival usually starts with the ritual called 'Kozhikkallu moodal' which involves the sacrifice of cocks and shedding of their blood, which forms an important feature of this temple. The members of the Kodungallur Bhagavathy temple are allowed to participate in this ritual. It is to appease the goddess Kali and her demons who take delight in blood offerings.

'Kavu Theendal', another important event of the festival, overseen by the King of Kodungallur where Vellichapads (oracles) make a run around the temple waving their sabres in the air while the members of their retinue offer reverence over the inner quadrangle. They make cry of abuse at the goddess in bawdy language. Their abuse is said to be accepted by the goddess followed by the purification ceremony the next day. Chandanapoti Charthal is yet another festival of smearing the image with sandal paste.[7][8]

Thalappoli festival[edit]

The Thalappoli festival is in the month of Makaram (January–February). The four day Thalappoli commences from the evening of Makara Sankranthi with religious rituals. Big procession headed by richly caparisoned elephants are taken out to the accompaniment of Pancha Vadyam, Paancari, Paandi, etc.It is the Main Celebration of KUDUMBI Community.

Administration[edit]

From the beginning, this temple was being managed by the Raja of Cranganore, the Onnu Kure Áyiram Yogam (an association of caste Hindus) and by certain Nair families. At present, it is vested in the Cochin Devaswom Board. The Bhagavathi temple is one of the richest temples in Kerala.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kodungallur Kurumba Bhagavathi Temple". Temples of Kerala. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  2. ^ "Kavu Theendal ceremony today". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 2012-03-25. 
  3. ^ "Kodungallur Kurumba Bhagavathi Temple". Temples of Kerala. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  4. ^ "Kodungallur". TempleNet. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  5. ^ "Kodungallur Kurumba Bhagavathi Temple". Temples of Kerala. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  6. ^ "Kodungallur". BizHat.com. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  7. ^ "Oracles Throng Kodungallur Bhagavathy Temple". Oneindia. Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  8. ^ "'Kavutheendal' observed at Kodungallur". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2004-03-24. Retrieved 2010-12-05.