Kofi Annan peace plan for Syria
The Kofi Annan peace plan for Syria or the six-point peace plan for Syria, launched in February 2012, is considered the most serious international attempt to resolve the Syrian civil war in the Middle East diplomatically. The peace plan enforced a cease-fire to take place across Syria since 10 April 2012, though in reality the cease-fire was announced by the Syrian government on 14 April 2012.
Following the Houla massacre and the consequent Free Syrian Army (FSA) ultimatum to the Syrian government, the cease-fire practically collapsed towards the end of May 2012, as the FSA began nation-wide offensives against the government troops. On 1 June 2012, the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad vowed to crush the anti-regime uprising, after the FSA announced that it was resuming “defensive operations.” Following a prolonging discourse of the peace mission, Kofi Annan resigned on August 2, 2012. On 17 August 2012, Lakhdar Brahimi was appointed the new UN-Arab League peace envoy for Syria.
Peace proposal 
On 16 March 2012, a 6-point peace plan was submitted to the UN. On 24 March 2012, Kofi Annan flew to Moscow in an effort to secure strong Russian support for his efforts to bring about a cease-fire and open political dialogue. On 27 March, the envoy's office said that the Syrian government had accepted the peace proposal, and would be working to implement it.
On 4 April 2012, Annan told the U.N. Security Council that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad had given assurances he would “immediately” start pulling back his forces and complete a military withdrawal from urban areas by 10 April 2012. Annan also said that if the cease-fire was successful, an unarmed U.N. monitoring mission of some 200 to 250 observers could be brought into Syria to monitor compliance to its terms.
Syria’s army intensified its assaults on opposition strongholds almost immediately after agreeing to the Annan plan, activist organizations said. Similarly all involved states ('all relevant elements') did not provide commitments as per point 2.
On 5 April 2012, Syrian U.N. Ambassador Bashar Jaafari told reporters at the United Nations that the Assad government would not abide by Annan’s cease-fire plan unless outside countries ('all relevant elements') supporting the opposition first pledged in writing to stop aiding rebel fighters. He also said that police would not be withdrawn from population centers because, unlike the military, they are not included in the 6 point plan (below).
Cease fire attempt 
The Kofi Annan mediated cease fire was supposed to begin on 10 April 2012, however the Syrian government declared April 12 as the official cease fire deadline. On the field, the cease fire initiated only on 14 April 2012. The cease fire however wasn't complete and sporadic clashes continued throughout Syria, even though at a much less intense rate.
On 1 May 2012, Hervé Ladsous, the United Nations (UN) Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, said that both sides had violated the 12 April ceasefire agreement. UN chief Ban Ki-moon said it was vital that government and opposition alike cooperate fully with the UN observer force.
Following the Houla massacre and the consequent FSA ultimatum to the Syrian government, the cease fire practically collapsed towards the end of May 2012, as FSA began nation-wide offensives against the government troops. On 1 June 2012, the Syrian President Bashar al-Assad vowed to crush an anti-regime uprising, after the rebel Free Syrian Army (FSA) announced that it was resuming “defensive operations.”
Following a prolonging discourse of the peace mission, Kofi Annan resigned on 2 August 2012, citing the intransigence of both the Assad government and the rebels, as well as the stalemate on the Security Council as preventing any peaceful resolution of the situation.
6-point peace plan 
- (1) commit to work with the Envoy in an inclusive Syrian-led political process to address the legitimate aspirations and concerns of the Syrian people, and, to this end, commit to appoint an empowered interlocutor when invited to do so by the Envoy;
- (2) commit to stop the fighting and achieve urgently an effective United Nations supervised cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties to protect civilians and stabilise the country.
- To this end, the Syrian government should immediately cease troop movements towards, and end the use of heavy weapons in, population centres, and begin pullback of military concentrations in and around population centres.
- As these actions are being taken on the ground, the Syrian government should work with the Envoy to bring about a sustained cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties with an effective United Nations supervision mechanism.
- Similar commitments would be sought by the Envoy from the opposition and all relevant elements to stop the fighting and work with him to bring about a sustained cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties with an effective United Nations supervision mechanism;
- (3) ensure timely provision of humanitarian assistance to all areas affected by the fighting, and to this end, as immediate steps, to accept and implement a daily two hour humanitarian pause and to coordinate exact time and modalities of the daily pause through an efficient mechanism, including at local level;
- (4) intensify the pace and scale of release of arbitrarily detained persons, including especially vulnerable categories of persons, and persons involved in peaceful political activities, provide without delay through appropriate channels a list of all places in which such persons are being detained, immediately begin organizing access to such locations and through appropriate channels respond promptly to all written requests for information, access or release regarding such persons;
- (5) ensure freedom of movement throughout the country for journalists and a non-discriminatory visa policy for them;
- (6) respect freedom of association and the right to demonstrate peacefully as legally guaranteed.
See also 
- Syrian conflict peace proposals
- International reactions to the 2011–2012 Syrian uprising
- Robert Mood
- "Kofi Annan's six-point plan for Syria", Al Jazeera, 27 March 2012.
- "Text of Annan's six-point peace plan for Syria", Douglas Hamilton, Reuters, 4 April 2012.
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- "Syria crisis: Turkey refugee surge amid escalation fear". BBC News. 6 April 2012.
- Syrian leader accused of escalating attacks. The New York Times. 4 April 2012
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- "30 dead in Syria as UN calls for truce". Sky News. 30 dead in Syria as UN calls for truce. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
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- Press conference by Kofi Anon, Joint Special Envoy for Syria. United Nations Office at Geneva. 2 August 2012.
- Gladstone, Rick (17 August 2012). "Veteran Algerian Statesman to Succeed Annan as Special Syrian Envoy". The New York Times. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
- UN: Algeria's Brahimi will replace Annan in Syria - World news
- "Six-Point Proposal Presented to Syrian Authorities". UN Security Council. 21 March 2012. Retrieved 11 April 2012.