|• MNA Special Seat for Women||Khursheed Baygam|
|• MNA (NA-14)||Sheryar Afridi|
|• MPA (PK-37 Kohat-1)||Amjid Khan Afridi|
|• MPA (PK-39 Kohat-3)||Imtiaz Qureshi|
|• MPA (PK-38 Kohat-2)||Zia Ullah Bangash|
|Elevation||489 m (1,604 ft)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Calling code||+92 922|
|Number of Union councils||31|
Kohat (Pashto: کوهاټ), is a city in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is the capital of the Kohat District. The town centers around a British-era fort, various bazaars and a military cantonment. A British-built narrow gauge railway line runs through the town.
- 1 History
- 2 Languages
- 3 Prominent People
- 4 Geography
- 5 Agriculture
- 6 Economy
- 7 Civic administration
- 8 Transport
- 9 Utility services
- 10 Culture
- 11 Education
- 12 See also
- 13 Notes
- 14 References
- 15 External links
The decisive engagement which made the Bangashes masters of the Kohat valley is said to have been fought near Muhammadzai. Local traditions describe the battle as having lasted day and night for three days, till at last a youth in white appeared on the scene shouting "Dai, Dai, Dai, Sam de Bangasho; Ghar de Orakzo," which, being translated, means "It is, it is, it is, the plain of the Bangashes; the hill of the Orakzais." This legend is supposed by the Bangashes to satisfactorily dispose of any claims of the Orakzais to proprietary rights in the Kohat or Miranzai valleys. According to another tradition the Kohat valley before the Bangash invasion was occupied, not by Orakzais, but by the tribes of the Gabris, Safis and Maujaris, who are not now to be traced. Whoever the original inhabitants may have been they now entirely disappeared. They were either exterminated, or more probably they were incorporated with the Bangash settlers, at first as Hamsayahs till in process of time they became indistinguishable from the real Bangashes. A fort constructed by the British army stands near the centre of the town. Little is known about the fort.
The original settlements of the Bangashes were in the Kuram valley. Miranzais, Samilzais and Baizais were all located there. The Baizais, whose summer quarters were at Ziran in Kuram, used to move during the winter to the Kohat plain, much as the Waziris and Ghilzais now do. After a time they quarrelled with the inhabitants of the country. Being unable to cope with them alone, they got the men of Upper Miranzai and Hangu to join them, and with their assistance conquered the country, which has been since known as Baizai. In dividing the tract the Hangu and Miranzai confederates got allotments which their descendants still hold.
As the Bangashes took possession of these lower valleys the lands abandoned by them in Kuram were taken possession of by a new tribe, the Turis, who gradually obtained the mastery over the Bangashes that remained, and are now the dominant tribe there. The Bangashes still possess the following tracts in the Kuram valley: Baghzai occupied by Jamshedis, and Shalozam, Makhazai, Hajikhel, and Ziran occupied by Shamilzais.
Historically It was home of local Kohatis who use to speak dialect of Punjabi Language (Kohati /Hindko). After demographic changes in recent decades due to Afghan Refugees and Tribal peoples arrival, Pashto language speakers are in majority today. Urdu being National language is also spoken and understood. The main tribes of Kohat are Banoori, Bangash, Kohati, Orakzai, Khattak, Shenwari, Afridi etc.
- Syed Adam Banoori (was the first to spread the Mujaddid teachings in the Hijjaz)
- Huzrat Haji Bahadur
- Khan Bahadur Sikander Ali Shah (Land lord)
- Syed Shujaat Banoori (Shaheed)
- Dr. Kiramat Ali Shah Banoori (Heart specialist)
- Major General Dr. Ashur Khan (Heart specialist)
- Maj. General Shukat Ali Shah Banoori (Ambassador)
- Lt. General Iftikhar Hussain Shah (Governor)
- Poet Ahmad Faraz
- Chief Justice Rustum Kayani
- Barrister Masood Kausar (Governor)
- Major Khadim Hussain (Shaheed)
Kohat City is located at an altitude of 489 metres (1,604 ft). Kohat Pass lies to the north. It is situated on the left bank of the Toi river at a point where after running nearly due east for 50 miles (80 km), it turns to the south. The total area of the district is 2,545 square kilometres (983 sq mi)
The region is very hilly, The climate of Kohat and surroundings is hot from May to September. June is the hottest month. The mean, maximum and minimum temperature recorded during June is about 40°C and 27°C respectively. A pleasant change in the weather is noted from October onwards, up till February. The winter is cold and severe. In winter a wrong west wind known as “Hangu Breeze” often blows down the Miranzai valley towards Kohat for weeks. The mean maximum and minimum temperature, recorded during the month of January, is about 18°C and 6°C respectively. The rainfall is received throughout the year. The monsoon rain is received from May to October. August is the rainiest month, with an average of about 114 mm. The winter rain occurs from November to April. The highest winter rainfall is received in the month of March. The average annual rainfall is about 638 mm. The maximum humidity has been recorded in the month of August during summer season and in December during the winter season.
Kohat’s primary agricultural product is Guava, Lokat, bair (berry), pomegranate, persimmons (amlok) and Gurgura (blackberry) are found in abundance in Kohat. Famous trees of Kohat are mulberry, shisham, palosa and Chinar although number of fruits and vegetables are produced. Tanda Lake is the main source of irrigation.
Former Justice M.R Kiyani of Kohat wrote the following lines in Hindko language to describe natural beauty of Kohat:
“Thadda Thadda Parie’n”
“Nikka Nikka Atta”
Water for irrigation is supplied to Jurma, Shahpur and many villages by means of canals
from Tanda lake.
Tanda Lake is also a protective site by Ramsar Convention. Ramsar is an international
treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands.
It also protects migratory birds from Siberia and Caspian in winter.
In ancient times there were underground bricked tunnels Karaiz in the city, which had clean drinking water, it is believed they were constructed by Mughals, unfortunately they are blocked by the city garbage, only remains are left.
Kohat Toi is a principal stream, used for irrigation of Guava gardens and fields, it enters from Hangu district and flowing to east and southeast, drains into river Indus. The river has a small perennial flow, which disappears before it reaches the town of Kohat, it reappears again at some distance down stream and then flows continuously to the Indus. The Kohat Toi has several small torrents or tributaries, which join it at different places.
|This section requires expansion with: list resources and exports, top employers and businesses. (November 2012)|
Kohat was incorporated as a municipality in 1873,
|This section requires expansion with: major offices and departments; politics; leaders; Sister cities if relevant. (November 2012)|
|This section requires expansion with: public transport (rail, bus); roads / highways ; airports ; waterways if relevant. (November 2012)|
Much of Kohat's transport is privately operated within the city limits.
Kohat is the terminus railway station of Kohat-Jand railway line and has daily train service to Rawalpindi. It was also the terminus station of a Narrow gauge (762 mm or 2 ft 6 in) railway line which connected it with Thall. This railway line was closed in 1991.
There are 372 kilometres of metallic roads in the district. The Indus Highway passes through the city connected to the Peshawar, Bannu, Dera Ismail Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan and many other big cities of Pakistan. Buses run out of the city via the Indus Highway. They go to Peshawar, Bannu, Dera Ismail Khan (D.I. Khan) and Islamabad.
The Kohat Tunnel is a 1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi) was completed in 2004, and connects the southern districts, including Kohat City, to Peshawar. Constructed with Japanese assistance, it is also known as the Pak-Japan Friendship Tunnel.
|This section requires expansion with: private or public or military only. (November 2012)|
The city is facilitated by the Tanda Dam. Towards the east are Gandiali Dam, Kandar Dam and Kandar Axillary Dam. Towards the north is Sandy Fateh Khan Dam and Darwazai Dam.
|This section requires expansion with: Attractions, sports, arts, media. (November 2012)|
There is only one public park in Kohat City, named after Malik Saad Shaheed.
||This "list only schools that are in Kohat City, not entire Kohat District, explain why men and women schools need to be listed separately? are they completely separate systems?" contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate. (November 2012)|
- NWFP University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar Kohat Campus
- Kohat University of Science & Technology
- Preston University in Kohat
- Cadet College Kohat
- Comp. Tech. Computer Academy
- COMPROS Computer Academy
- Garrison Cadet College Kohat
- Kohat Law College
- Regional Institute for Teacher Education (RITE)
- Sir Syed College of Education
- Dot Com Institute Of Science and Technology
- The Educators Academy, KDA (Kohat Development Authority) Kohat
- Fazaia Inter College Kohat
- F.G College For Women Kohat Cantt
- Govt Post Graduate College for Men Kohat
- Govt Post Graduate College for Women Kohat
- Govt Post Graduate College for Men #2 Kohat
- Govt Commerce College Kohat
- Govt Technical Institute Kohat
- Gandhara inter college kohat
Public & Private High Schools
The Government High Schools for Boys are numbered 1 to 5. There are also the following public high schools:
- Army Public School & College Kohat
- Islamia Higher Secondary School No.1
- Islamia Higher Secondary School No.2
- Fauji Foundation Model Schools Kohat
- F.G Public High School Kohat Cantt
- F.G High School, Peshawar Road Kohat
- Iqra Public High School
- Lincoln Public School Kohat
- Leader Public School Kohat
- Islamia degree girls college, shimla pahari, kohat.
- Al-Badar Public School,Bahadar Kot, Kohat.
- Gandhara public school kohat
- The City School, Kohat Campus
- AZM School and College KDA kohat
- Iqra Public Secondary School and College
- Al Hafiz Fazal Public High School and college near Tehsil Gate.
- Becon Public High School
- City Educators High School
- Fauji Foundation Model School
- St. Joseph's Covent High School Kohat
- International Public High School
- Jack & Jill High School
- Islamic International School & College
- Jinnah Public High School
- Islamic Public School
- Al-Tahir Public School
- Kainat Islamic Model School (KIMS) Kohat
Before the partition from India, there were only two high schools in Kohat: the Islima High School and Barathery High School. After the partition the name of Barathery was changed to Govt. High School-2
- 1924 Kohat riots
- History of Kohat " Kohat Tareekh kay Aenay may" written by a local Journalist Zulfiqar Shah, 2003
|This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (December 2012)|
- "Maps, Weather, Videos, and Airports for Kohat, Pakistan". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-11-01.
- Kohat: About Kohat. Kohatinfo.blogspot.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- kohat railway station,Photo-Pakistan. Ugo.cn. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- Kohāt Tahsīl Railway Station / Kohat Tahsil Railway Station, North-West Frontier, Pakistan, Asia. Travelingluck.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
- Kohat Press Club. "Kohat Press Club | Media, News, Kohat , Kohat Press Club". Kohatpressclub.n.nu. Retrieved 2012-11-01.
- Shah, Zulfiqar (2003, 2009 (2nd ed.)). Kohat Tarekh Kay Aeny Main (in Urdu). - local journalist's book on Kohat History
- Sarhad Tourism Corporation, Government of NWFP, Pakistan
- Members National Assembly
- Members Provincial Assembly