Kohtla-Järve Power Plant
|Kohtla-Järve Power Plant|
|Official name||Kohtla-Järve soojuselektrijaam|
|Primary fuel||Oil shale|
|Secondary fuel||Oil shale gas|
|Tertiary fuel||Shale oil|
|Make and model||Sverdlovsk Turbine Works|
|Thermal capacity||534 MW|
The Kohtla-Järve Power Plant was commissioned in 1949–1967 with designed electrical capacity 48 MW. The first generator of the plant was commissioned in January 1949. This was the first time when the oil shale pulverized-firing combustion technology was implemented for power generation. The first generator had a capacity of 12 MW. At the beginning the plant used Riley Stoker boilers and General Electric generators; however, boilers developed for the pulverized firing of coal and lignite were not fit to work on pulverized oil shale.
As of 2005, the power plant had capacity of 39 MW electricity and 534 MW of heat. It is equipped by five stream generators and two hot water boilers (Barnaul BKZ-75-39F middle-pressure boilers. Its four turbines are manufactured by Fraser and Chalmers, Kirov Plant, Lang-Ganz, and Bryansk Turbine Works.
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- Holmberg, Rurik (2008). Survival of the Unfit. Path Dependence and the Estonian Oil Shale Industry (PDF). Linköping Studies in Arts and Science 427. Linköping University. p. 172. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
- Tallermo, Harri (2002). "Ilmar Öpik and oil-shale-fired boilers" (PDF). Oil Shale. A Scientific-Technical Journal (Estonian Academy Publishers) 19 (2 Special): 249–255. ISSN 0208-189X. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
- Gavrilova, Olga; Randla, Tiina; Vallner, Leo; Starndberg, Marek; Vilu, Raivo (2005) (PDF). Life Cycle Analysis of the Estonian Oil Shale Industry (Report). Tallinn: Tallinn University of Technology. p. 34. http://www.nommeteeselts.ee/attachments/082_life_cycle_analysis_of_oil_shale_industry_of_estonia_03_12_05_ff.pdf. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
- Francu, Juraj; Harvie, Barbra; Laenen, Ben; Siirde, Andres; Veiderma, Mihkel (May 2007). "A study on the EU oil shale industry viewed in the light of the Estonian experience. A report by EASAC to the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy of the European Parliament" (PDF). European Academies Science Advisory Council. p. 24. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
- Siirde, Andres (2005) (PDF). Reference values of efficient cogeneration and potential of efficient cogeneration in Estonia (Report). Tallinn: Tallinn University of Technology. p. 28. http://www.code-project.eu/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/EE_National-Potential-Report_2005_en.pdf. Retrieved 2012-10-27.
- "Power Machines shipped equipment for Viru Keemia Grupp" (Press release). Power Machines. 2008-09-26. Retrieved 2012-10-28.